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Protocols in ecological and environmental plant physiology


Crop & Pasture Science is a highly cited and prestigious journal publishing original research on advances in plant sciences, sustainable farming systems, and food quality. More

Editors-in-Chief: Sergio Atienza and Zed Rengel


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Published online 22 July 2014
Genetic improvement of subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.). 2. Breeding for disease and pest resistance 
P. G. H. Nichols, R. A. C. Jones, T. J. Ridsdill-Smith and M. J. Barbetti

Subterranean clover, the most widely sown pasture legume in southern Australia, is attacked by a range of diseases and pests which reduce pasture productivity. The identification of genotypes with resistance to important diseases and pests has enabled development of cultivars with improved disease and pest resistance. The advent of new gene technologies has the potential to develop future subterranean clovers with multiple disease and pest resistances, provided skills in pasture plant pathology, entomology, pre-breeding and plant breeding are adequately resourced.

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Published online 22 July 2014
Drought resistance of Trifolium repens×Trifolium uniflorum interspecific hybrids 
S. N. Nichols, R. W. Hofmann and W. M. Williams

White clover has a high soil moisture requirement, which limits its use and productivity in dry environments and during drought. However, in hybrids between white clover and Trifolium uniflorum the negative effects of drought stress were significantly reduced, including impacts on dry matter production and shoot death. Interspecific hybridisation with close relatives may, therefore, provide a means of developing improved white clover cultivars with greater adaptation to more marginal environments and changing climatic conditions.

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Published online 16 July 2014
Population biology of Microlaena stipoides in a south-eastern Australian pasture 
M. L. Mitchell, J. M. Virgona, J. L. Jacobs and D. R. Kemp

Microlaena stipoides, a Australian native perennial grass, is common within 3 million ha of grazed pastures in south eastern Australia. This paper reports the results of studies into the key attributes of the population dynamics of this species in grazed pastures. The research demonstrates that persistence of Microlaena is due to a combination of perennation of adult plants and seedling recruitment. The latter being a rare event, due to seed predation.

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Published online 16 July 2014
Kikuyu-based pasture for dairy production: a review 
S. C. García, M. R. Islam, C. E. F. Clark and P. M. Martin

Non-edible feeds like grass-based pastures can be converted efficiently into high quality edible food like milk. ‘Kikuyu’ is a very productive subtropical grass with enormous potential to convert non-edible fibre into milk; yet quality aspects and utilisation losses, mainly due to inadequate input and grazing management, impair its use. This review attempts to identify the main losses in utilization of kikuyu-based pastures and proposes management approaches that can overcome its main limitations and result in substantial increases in milk production from kikuyu-based pastures.

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Published online 16 July 2014
A molecular phylogenetic framework for cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata L.) improvement 
Alan V. Stewart and Nicholas W. Ellison

The molecular phylogeny of the genus Dactylis provides a clear evolutionary history of the diploids from which modern tetraploid germplasm and cultivars have evolved. This will allow breeders to systematically use a wider range of both diploid and tetraploid germplasm for improvement of cocksfoot. Germplasm of many diploid and tetraploid forms are poorly represented in genebanks and require urgent collection, as many are under serious threat from habitat degradation and climate change.

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Published online 15 July 2014
Delivering drought tolerance to those who need it: from genetic resource to cultivar 
R. M. Trethowan

The severity of water stress is projected to increase in many production environments and it has never been more important to deliver the findings of drought research to farmers. This paper focuses on one segment of the pathway—the process from genetic characterisation to cultivar delivery— with emphasis on wheat, one of the world’s most important food crops. A combination of targeted genetic diversity, improved phenotyping and enhanced exploitation of publicly available international germplasm is recommended as an efficient and effective strategy to improve crop productivity in water-limited environments.

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Published online 04 July 2014
Quantifying the interactions between grazing interval, grazing intensity, and nitrogen on the yield and growth rate of dryland and irrigated perennial ryegrass 
R. P. Rawnsley, A. D. Langworthy, K. G. Pembleton, L. R. Turner, R. Corkrey and D. J. Donaghy

Grazing management is a key drive of dairy business success. Conjecture exits regarding the agreed grazing principles and this study explores the interaction between grazing management, nitrogen and irrigation inputs on the production of perennial ryegrass.  This study concluded that grazing of perennial ryegrass should always occur between the second and third leaf regrowth stage, with the interval closer to the third leaf stage during periods of low growth rate and closer to second leaf during periods of high growth.

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Published online 30 June 2014
Adaptations for growing wheat in the drying climate of Western Australia 
Hayden Sprigg, Robert Belford, Steve Milroy, Sarita Jane Bennett and David Bowran

Western Australian wheat growers face higher temperatures and lower rainfall in the future, which will challenge the profitability of wheat production on farm. This study looked at genetic (varieties) and management (row spacing and nitrogen) options to minimise the impact of climate change, using rain-out shelters to control rainfall; the results provided a platform to model wheat production in future climates. None of the strategies tested offset the expected fall in wheat production, but the study identified directions for wheat breeding (canopy vigour and root characteristics) and management to minimise yield losses in a hotter and drier climate.

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Published online 20 June 2014
Forages for feedstocks of biorefineries in temperate environments: review of lignin research in bioenergy crops and some insight into Miscanthus studies 
Maria S. Dwiyanti, J. Ryan Stewart and Toshihiko Yamada

Miscanthus is a potential bioenergy crop for temperate regions and low-lignin Miscanthus cultivars are desirable for cost-efficient bioethanol production. Limited information on genetic regulation of lignin biosynthesis in Miscanthus led us to review previous studies of lignin biosynthesis in switchgrass and maize, to review current status of lignin research in Miscanthus, and performed preliminary study on characterisation of Miscanthus lignin genes. This review will help us in setting Miscanthus lignin research direction and also support breeding of low lignin Miscanthus cultivars that is suitable for bioethanol production.

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Published online 18 June 2014
Agronomic advantages conferred by endophyte infection of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) in Australia 
D. E. Hume and J. C. Sewell

Perennial ryegrass and tall fescue are key grasses of sown pastures in the high-rainfall zone of south-eastern Australia. They may be infected by microscopic Neotyphodium endophytic fungi which are an essential component of the agronomic performance of these grasses in long-lived pastures. The best outcomes for Australian farmers will be achieved through a combination of elite selected endophytes and elite plant genetics adapted to each region, so that perennial ryegrass endophyte toxicosis is eliminated or greatly reduced, and the endophyte-enhancing effects on grass performance are captured.

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Published online 04 June 2014
Perennial pasture grasses—an historical review of their introduction, use and development for southern Australia 
K. F. M. Reed

Species such as perennial ryegrass and phalaris are vital contributors to the competitive productivity of Australia’s livestock industries, underpinning an estimated 9 M ha of high carrying-capacity pasture. Their adoption, in conjunction with inoculated clover, rose steadily in Australian systems, designed with an appreciation of the marginal environment, and stimulated by advances in agronomic practice. Early forecasts for the area of improved pasture have not yet been realised. The history of influential collaborations, plant breeding, evaluation and adoption of perennial grasses, reveals opportunities for improving the direction of research and significantly expanding livestock industries in the high rainfall zone of temperate Australia.

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Published online 22 May 2014
Genomic selection in crops, trees and forages: a review 
Z. Lin, B. J. Hayes and H. D. Daetwyler

Genomic selection is now being used at an accelerating pace in many plant species. This review interprets results of plant genomic selection studies considering the factors that affect the accuracy of genomic selection, such as size of reference population, heritability and extent of genetic diversity. Differences between genomic breeding strategies for self-pollinated and open-pollinated species, and between-population level and within-family designs, are highlighted.

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Published online 16 May 2014
Effects of grazing on crop crown temperature: implications for phenology 
Matthew T. Harrison, Walter M. Kelman and Jim M. Virgona

Temperature is a fundamental driver of crop development, which has important implications for dry matter partitioning, the timing of flowering and grain yield. Although defoliation initially delays crop ontogeny, elevated microclimatic temperatures of up to 6–7°C significantly enhance post-defoliation development rates as the growing season progresses from winter into spring, mitigating the extent of the delay by anthesis. These results will be useful in designing experiments that propose using grazing or defoliation to manipulate crop flowering time and in interpreting the implications of defoliation on phenology and grain yield.

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Published online 12 May 2014
Common beans, biodiversity, and multiple stresses: Challenges of drought resistance in tropical soils 
Stephen E. Beebe, Idupulapati M. Rao, Mura Jyostna Devi and José Polania

Research on improving drought tolerance in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in Africa is reviewed. While tolerance to drought has been recovered, soil-related constraints limit expression of that tolerance. Multiple stress tolerance is required for wider impact in farmers’ fields.

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Published online 14 April 2014
Trifolium interspecific hybridisation: widening the white clover gene pool 
W. M. Williams

White clover is the best available forage legume for grazed pastures in temperate zones, but it is not stress resistant and cannot grow in semi-arid, low fertility soils. Several closely related wild clover species are adapted to stressful environments and, although none of these cross naturally with white clover, successful use of tissue culture techniques and genetic bridges has enabled eleven forms of them to be hybridised with white clover. These inter-species hybrids are being used by plant breeders to select resilient new clovers for future-proofing legume-based pastures and expanding them into marginal zones.

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Published online 24 March 2014
Progress towards developing bloat-safe legumes for the farming industry 
Kerry Hancock, Vern Collette, Elisabeth Chapman, Katherine Hanson, Stephen Temple, Roger Moraga and John Caradus

Forage legumes, such as lucerne and white clover, lack foliar proanthocyanidins which leads to bloat, an often lethal condition costing the pastoral industry significant loss of earnings. By overexpressing an R2R3-MYB gene in these species, leaf PA accumulation is achieved; however, additional MYB genes involved in PA regulation have also been identified. Progress towards producing commercial cultivars of both species containing effective levels of PAs has begun as a viable option for mitigating bloat in pastoral agriculture-based farming systems.

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Published online 19 March 2014
Breeding red clover for improved persistence in Chile: a review 
Fernando Ortega, Leonardo Parra and Andrés Quiroz

Red clover is an important forage legume around the world. However, its main limitation is the lack of persistence of forage yield due to the low survival of plants. To improve this complex character in our breeding program, we have conducted five cycles of recurrent selection, using a modified among and within half-family methodology. The average realised genetic gain for forage yield has been 0.4–2.6% per year, depending on location, showing the effectiveness of the breeding methodology and approach used.

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Published online 19 March 2014
Breeding forages in Florida for resistance to nematodes 
Kenneth Quesenberry, Patricio Munoz, Ann Blount, Kevin Kenworthy and William Crow

This paper reviews research conducted at the University of Florida for almost 30 years to enhance resistance to plant parasitic nematodes, primarily root-knot nematode species. We discuss germplasm screening methods, progress in selection for resistance, cultivar development, and look to the future for ways to enhance progress.

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Published online 11 March 2014
The value of improved pastures to Brazilian beef production 
Liana Jank, Sanzio C. Barrios, Cacilda B. do Valle, Rosangela M. Simeão and Geovani F. Alves

Brazil has the largest commercial cattle herd in the world and is the largest exporter of beef, due to the vast area of pastures which confer good welfare conditions to the animals. New improved and adapted forage cultivars are necessary to sustain this production. The development of more productive and better quality pastures in the country involves more efficient breeding methodologies and tools, dynamic breeding programs and efficient technology transfer, resulting in progressively better meat and milk production from pastures.

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Published online 28 February 2014
Persistence traits in perennial pasture grasses: the case of phalaris (Phalaris aquatica L.) 
R. A. Culvenor and R. J. Simpson

Perennials are a vital component for sustainable production in pastures of south-eastern Australia. Stresses related to climate, soils and grazing pressure often reduce the persistence even of well-adapted perennials in high production pasture systems but plant breeders have recently been able to improve the tolerance of the major grass species, phalaris, to acid soils and high grazing pressure.  Continued plant breeding efforts combined with good management will be needed to maintain perennials such as phalaris in pastures of the future.

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Published online 27 February 2014
Evaluation and breeding of tedera for Mediterranean climates in southern Australia 
D. Real, C. M. Oldham, M. N. Nelson, J. Croser, M. Castello, A. Verbyla, A. Pradhan, A. Van Burgel, P. Méndez, E. Correal, N. L. Teakle, C. K. Revell and M. A. Ewing

The drought tolerant forage legume tedera is a very promising novel species for Mediterranean climates in southern Australia. The evaluation and breeding of tedera commenced in 2006 in Western Australia and the first cultivar was delivered to the seed industry in 2014. The availability of this new technology to Australian farmers will allow them to reduce supplementary feeding by filling the autumn feed-gap with a grazable forage legume.

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Published online 26 February 2014
Progress in developing perennial wheats for grain and grazing 
Philip J. Larkin, Matthew T. Newell, Richard C. Hayes, Jesmin Aktar, Mark R. Norton, Sergio J. Moroni and Len J. Wade

Our studies of diverse germplasm, derived from crosses between annual wheat and perennial Triticeae grasses, established that regrowth and grain harvest for a number of seasons is possible, provided at least one genome equivalent from the perennial donor parent is retained. Selected lines demonstrated substantially increased root biomass in the second season compared with resown annual wheat, and produced valuable forage biomass. A breeding strategy for establishing segregating populations and targeted trait improvement is proposed, which should assist in the realisation of projected economic and environmental benefits, resulting from the change to a perennial growth habit.

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blank image Crop and Pasture Science
Volume 65 Number 6 2014
Revitalising Grasslands to Sustain our Communities

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Foreword to ‘Revitalising Grasslands to Sustain our Communities’ 
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David Kemp and David Michalk
pp. i-i

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Opportunities and challenges in Australian grasslands: pathways to achieve future sustainability and productivity imperatives 
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Lindsay W. Bell , Richard C. Hayes , Keith G. Pembleton and Cathy M. Waters
pp. 489-507

A diversity of livestock production systems are based on grasslands in Australia and these contribute 40% of Australia’s agricultural output and manage 50% of its land. To remain profitable these systems need to continue to increase their efficiency while also enhancing the environmental services grasslands provide. We discuss several innovations and practices being developed which could help grassland production systems achieve these goals in the future.


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Frontiers and perspectives on research strategies in grassland technology 
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J. Schellberg and E. Verbruggen
pp. 508-523

The paper reviews recent developments in technologies that are essential for grassland farm management. It highlights the linking of precision agriculture with soil ecology, biotechnology  and functional plant ecology as well as with remote sensing and simulation models. The authors conclude that understanding and managing the complex system of a grassland farm under increasing economic pressure, global change and administrative regulations requires more intense and qualified decision support than ever. There is scope for new technologies to provide such decision support, if education is equally offered to young farmers.


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Intensification of grassland and forage use: driving forces and constraints 
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Oene Oenema , Cecile de Klein and Marta Alfaro
pp. 524-537

Grasslands are diverse and biodiversity-rich ecosystems, covering 40% of the global land area. The intensification of its use for beef, dairy, sheep and goat production is economically attractive but may have serious environmental and social side-effects. Understanding the driving forces, mechanisms and region-specific constraints of intensification is important for developing sustainable grassland systems

   |        Open Access Article

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Can arable forage production be intensified sustainably? A case study from northern Germany 
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Antje Herrmann , Sandra Claus , Ralf Loges , Christof Kluß and Friedhelm Taube
pp. 538-549

A major part of the greenhouse gas emissions arising from dairy production originates from the cultivation, transport and storage of forage crops. This study investigated whether the production of arable forage crops can be intensified by N fertilisation while mitigating GHG emissions per unit forage produced, the so-called product carbon footprint. Evidence was obtained of potential for sustainable intensification when crop management is adjusted to increase the resource-use efficiency of forage cropping systems.


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The value of native, warm-season perennial grasses grown for pasture or biofuel in the southern Great Plains, USA 
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James K. Rogers , Bryan Nichols , Jon T. Biermacher and Jagadeesh Mosali
pp. 550-555

Switchgrass has the potential to produce large quantities of bioenergy feedstock in the rain-fed growing conditions of the southern Great Plains, and is suitable for large-scale conversion into biofuels like ethanol. Widespread establishment of switchgrass pastures in the region requires that it coexist economically with an existing agricultural production system. Results showed that switchgrass pastures economically extended the grazing life of beef steers in the small grain forage grazing system common to the region while also providing for ample quantities of bioenergy feedstock necessary to supply a regionally located biorefinery.

   |        Open Access Article

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Pasture plants and soil fertility management to improve the efficiency of phosphorus fertiliser use in temperate grassland systems 
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Richard J. Simpson , Alan E. Richardson , Shirley N. Nichols and James R. Crush
pp. 556-575

Phosphorus (P) is a non-renewable resource important for productivity in many grassland systems. The P balance of fertilised, temperate pastures is reviewed to identify the causes of inefficient use of P fertilisers. Immediate efficiency gains can be made by ensuring that pastures are not over-fertilised. Use of plants with low critical P requirements, combined with management responses and fertiliser innovation, will be important for further increases in P-use efficiency.


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Implications of risk attitude and climate change for optimal grassland management: a case study for Switzerland 
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Robert Finger , Pierluigi Calanca and Simon Briner
pp. 576-582

Climate change is expected to affect grassland production in various ways, with consequences for future food supply and land use. We develop a bio-economic model to examine the implications of risk aversion for optimal N use in grassland production under current and future climatic conditions. We find climate change impacts and adaptation to be sensitive to the preferences of farmers, which should be considered if giving recommendations on adaptation strategies.


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These articles have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. They are still in production and have not been edited, so may differ from the final published form.

    CP14114  Accepted 23 July 2014
    Genotypic and Environmental Variation in Seed Nutraceutical and Industrial Composition of Non-transgenic Soybeans
    Constanza Carrera, Julio Dardanelli, Diego Soldini

    CP14052  Accepted 23 July 2014
    A semi-quantitative enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for Rathayibacter toxicus, the bacterium involved in annual ryegrass toxicity, to assist in risk assessment of fodder for domestic use.
    Anne Masters, Bimba Samarasinghe, Martin Kalkhoven, Leo den Hollander, Dieter Palmer

    CP14058  Accepted 21 July 2014
    Diego Pequeno, Carlos Pedreira, Kenneth Boote

    CP14009  Accepted 21 July 2014
    CERES-Rice Model-based Simulations of Climate Change Impacts on Rice Yields and Efficacy of Adaptive Options in Northeast China
    Wenxiang Wu, Qian Fang, Quansheng Ge, Mengzi Zhou, Yumei Lin

    CP14066  Accepted 15 July 2014
    Management of glyphosate-resistant Lolium rigidum Gaud. along crop margins in South Australia using alternative herbicide mixtures
    Christopher Preston, Patricia Adu-Yeboah, Peter Boutsalis, Peter Hooper, Gurjeet Gill

    CP14085  Accepted 10 July 2014
    The role and value of combining dual-purpose crops and lucerne in a mixed enterprise farming system
    Ross Kingwell, Leon Squibb

    CP13449  Accepted 09 July 2014
    Spatial variability in pH and key soil nutrients: is this an opportunity to increase fertiliser and lime use efficiency in grazing systems?
    Mark Trotter, Christopher Guppy, Rebecca Haling, Clare Edwards, Tieneke Trotter, David Lamb

    CP14034  Accepted 08 July 2014
    Cytochemical investigation of male sterility induced by Chemical Hybridizing Agent (CHA) SQ-1 at Different Microsporogenesis phases
    Yulong Song, Junwei Wang, Pengfei Zhang, Gaisheng Zhang, Llongyu Zhang, Xinliang Zhao, Na Niu, Shoucai Ma

    CP14011  Accepted 08 July 2014
    Tolerance to ion toxicities enhances wheat grain yield in acid soils prone to drought and transient waterlogging
    Hossein Khabaz-Saberi, Susan J Barker, Zed Rengel

    CP14151  Accepted 07 July 2014
    SYBR Green I based RT-qPCR assays for the detection of RNA viruses of cereals and grasses
    Tomas Drab, Eva Svobodova, Jan Ripl, Jana Jarosova, Frank Rabenstein, Ulrich Melcher, Jiban Kundu

    CP14117  Accepted 07 July 2014
    Opportunities and challenges for improved management of foliar pathogens in annual clover pastures across southern Australia
    Martin Barbetti, Ming Pei You

    CP14088  Accepted 07 July 2014
    Crop design for specific adaptation in variable dryland production environments
    Graeme Hammer, Greg McLean, Scott Chapman, Bangyou Zheng, Alastair Doherty, Matthew Harrison, Erik van Oosterom, David Jordan

    CP14082  Accepted 02 July 2014
    Farmer participatory variety selection conducted in high and low toposequence multi-location trials for improving rainfed lowland rice in Lao PDR
    Jaquie Mitchell, S Sipaseuth, Shu Fukai

    CP13331  Accepted 02 July 2014
    Optimum time of sowing for rainfed winter chickpea with one-pass mechanised row-sowing – An example for small holder farms in north-west Bangladesh
    Wendy Vance, Richard Bell, Chris Johansen, Enamul Haque, AKM Shahidullah, Nur Nobi Mia, M Musa

    CP14090  Accepted 30 June 2014
    Small effects of pasture deferment through grazing spring wheat crops in Western Australia can benefit livestock productivity
    Dean Thomas, Andrew Moore, Hayley Norman, Clinton Revell

    CP14065  Accepted 30 June 2014
    An approach to crop yield improvement through diagnostic systems research in a winter-dominant rainfall environment.
    Wal Anderson, Norman McQuade, Ronald McTaggart, Dan Carter, Tim Overheu, Derk Bakker, Sally Peltzer

    CP13421  Accepted 27 June 2014
    Evaluating the feasibility of dual-purpose canola in a medium rainfall zone of south-eastern Australia – a simulation approach.
    Jeff McCormick, Jim Virgona, Julianne Lilley, John Kirkegaard

    CP14049  Accepted 26 June 2014
    A review of pasture establishment by undersowing with special reference to the mixed farming zone of south-eastern Australia
    Jeff McCormick, Richard Hayes, Guangdi Li, Mark Norton

    CP14106  Accepted 23 June 2014
    High yielding lines of wheat carrying Gpc-B1 adapted to Mediterranean-type environments of southern and western Australia
    Howard Eagles, Robyn McLean, Russell Eastwood, Marie Appelbee, Karen Cane, Peter Martin, Hugh Wallwork

    CP13424  Accepted 21 June 2014
    The production and persistence of sub-tropical grasses in environments with Mediterranean climates
    Geoff Moore, Tony Albertsen, Padmaja Ramankutty, Phillip Nichols, John Titterington, Philip Barrett-Leonard

    CP14083  Accepted 19 June 2014
    Embryogenesis and plant regeneration of the perennial pasture and medicinal legume Bituminaria bituminosa (L.) C.H. Stirton
    Maria Pazos Navarro, Janine Croser, Marie-claire Castello, Padmaja Ramankuty, Kathy Heel, Daniel Real, David Walker, Enrique Correal, Mercedes Dabauza

    CP13419  Accepted 16 June 2014
    Perennial Pasture Persistence: The Economic Perspective
    Bill Malcolm, Kevin Smith, Joe Jacobs

    CP14054  Accepted 11 June 2014
    Measuring dehydration tolerance in pasture grasses to improve drought survival
    Mark Norton, Francois Lelievre (dec.), Florence Volaire

    CP13408  Accepted 11 June 2014
    Modelling to identify perennial ryegrass plant traits for future warmer and drier climates
    Brendan Cullen, Richard Rawnsley, Richard Eckard, Karen Christie, Matthew Bell

    CP14017  Accepted 06 June 2014
    Viruses of New Zealand Pasture Grasses and Legumes
    Paul Guy

    CP13412  Accepted 07 June 2014
    Nitrogen timing and rate effects on growth and grain yield of delayed permanent water rice in south-east Australia.
    Brian Dunn, Tina Dunn, Geoff Beecher

    CP14019  Accepted 05 June 2014
    Improving water productivity in the Australian Grains industry – a nationally coordinated approach
    John Kirkegaard, James Hunt, Therese McBeath, Julianne Lilley, Andrew Moore, Kirsten Verburg, Michael Robertson, Yvette Oliver, Anthony Whitbread, Phillip Ward, Steve Milroy

    CP13433  Accepted 04 June 2014
    Do lignite-derived organic amendments improve early-stage pasture growth and key soil biological and physicochemical properties?
    Karen Little, Michael Rose, William Jackson, Timothy R Cavagnaro, Antonio Patti

    CP13426  Accepted 02 June 2014
    Yield improvement and adaptation of wheat to water-limited environments in Australia - a case study
    Richard Richards, James Hunt, John Kirkegaard, John Passioura

    CP14109  Accepted 30 May 2014
    Nitrogen cycling in summer active perennial grass systems in South Australia: Non-symbiotic nitrogen fixation
    Vadakattu Gupta

    CP13391  Accepted 28 May 2014
    Determination of nitrogen and potassium content in greenhouse tomato leaves using a new spectrogoniophotometer
    Hanping Mao, Wenjing Zhu, Hongyu Liu

    CP13448  Accepted 16 May 2014
    Farmer experience with establishing pastures under a cover crop
    Anthony Swan, Mark Peoples, Richard Hayes, Guangdi Li, Geoff Casburn, Jeff McCormick, Brian Dear

    CP13452  Accepted 07 May 2014
    Simulation of water-limited growth of the forage shrub saltbush (Atriplex nummularia Lindl.) in a low rainfall environment of southern Australia
    Katrien Descheemaeker, Andrew Smith, Michael Robertson, Anthony Whitbread, Neil Huth, Bill Davoren, Jason Emms, Rick Llewellyn

    CP13447  Accepted 06 May 2014
    Time of sowing and the presence of a cover crop determine the productivity and persistence of perennial pastures in the mixed farming systems
    Guangdi Li, Richard Hayes, Jeff McCormick, Matthew Gardner, Graeme Sandral, Brian Dear

    CP13442  Accepted 05 May 2014
    Pasture cropping with C4 grasses in a barley/lupin rotation can increase production
    Roger Lawes, Phil Ward, David Ferris

    CP13413  Accepted 22 April 2014
    Opportunities for plant improvement to increase the value of forage shrubs on low-rainfall mixed farms
    Marta Monjardino, Andrew Bathgate, Rick Llewellyn

    CP13444  Accepted 17 April 2014
    Summer-growing perennial grasses are a potential new feed source in the low rainfall environment of southern Australia
    Katrien Descheemaeker, Rick Llewellyn, Andrew Moore, Anthony Whitbread

    CP13379  Accepted 15 April 2014
    The interaction between plant physiology and pasture feeding value: a review
    David Chapman, Julia Lee, Garry Waghorn

    CP14040  Accepted 08 April 2014
    Perennial pastures in cropping systems of southern Australia: an overview of present and future research
    Michael Robertson, Clinton Revell

    CP14046  Accepted 25 March 2014
    Soil water dynamics in a pasture-cropping system
    Phil Ward, Roger Lawes, David Ferris

    CP13436  Accepted 25 March 2014
    Selection of crop cultivars suited to the location combined with astute management can reduce crop yield penalties in pasture cropping systems
    Dean Thomas, Roger Lawes, Katrien Descheemaeker, Andrew Moore

    CP13382  Accepted 22 November 2013
    Forage Breeding for Changing Environments and Production Systems – an Overview of ISFB 2013
    Kevin Smith, German Spangenberg

    CP13154  Accepted 08 June 2013
    Effect of Irrigation Regimes on Spring Seeding of Canola Cultivars under Semi-Arid and High Elevation Conditions
    Jamshid Razmjoo, Seyed Eatesam Ghaemmaghami

    CP13156  Accepted 14 May 2013
    The career and contribution to Australian and International Agricultural Science of Clive McDonald Francis: An introduction
    Mike Ewing, David Chatel, Michael Poole, William Collins

The Most Read ranking is based on the number of downloads from the CSIRO PUBLISHING website of articles published in the previous 12 months. Usage statistics are updated daily.

Rank Paper Details
1. Published 30 August 2013
Waterlogging in Australian agricultural landscapes: a review of plant responses and crop models

Ruth E. Shaw, Wayne S. Meyer, Ann McNeill and Stephen D. Tyerman

2. Published 6 August 2013
Genetic approaches to enhancing phosphorus-use efficiency (PUE) in crops: challenges and directions

William D. Bovill, Chun Y. Huang and Glenn K. McDonald

3. Published 18 December 2013
Water-use efficiency and productivity trends in Australian irrigated cotton: a review

Guy Roth, Graham Harris, Malcolm Gillies, Janelle Montgomery and David Wigginton

4. Published 23 August 2013
Soil phosphorus tests I: What soil phosphorus pools and processes do they measure?

Philip W. Moody, Simon D. Speirs, Brendan J. Scott and Sean D. Mason

5. Published 23 August 2013
Making Better Fertiliser Decisions for Cropping Systems in Australia: an overview

Simon D. Speirs, Doug J. Reuter, Ken I. Peverill and Ross F. Brennan

6. Published 29 October 2013
IPM in the transgenic era: a review of the challenges from emerging pests in Australian cotton systems

Lewis Wilson, Sharon Downes, Moazzem Khan, Mary Whitehouse, Geoff Baker, Paul Grundy and Susan Maas

7. Published 23 August 2013
Soil phosphorus–crop response calibration relationships and criteria for winter cereal crops grown in Australia

Richard Bell, Douglas Reuter, Brendan Scott, Leigh Sparrow, Wayne Strong and the late Wen Chen

8. Published 23 August 2013
Soil phosphorus tests II: A comparison of soil test–crop response relationships for different soil tests and wheat

Simon D. Speirs, Brendan J. Scott, Philip W. Moody and Sean D. Mason

9. Published 6 August 2013
Plasticity of wheat grain yield is associated with plasticity of ear number

V. O. Sadras and G. J. Rebetzke

10. Published 30 January 2014
The colours of durum wheat: a review

Donatella B. M. Ficco, Anna M. Mastrangelo, Daniela Trono, Grazia M. Borrelli, Pasquale De Vita, Clara Fares, Romina Beleggia, Cristiano Platani and Roberto Papa

11. Published 23 August 2013
Soil potassium—crop response calibration relationships and criteria for field crops grown in Australia

Ross F. Brennan and Michael J. Bell

12. Published 30 August 2013
Climate change and broadacre livestock production across southern Australia. 2. Adaptation options via grassland management

Afshin Ghahramani and Andrew D. Moore

13. Published 30 January 2014
Genetic variation for resistance to Fusarium head blight in winter durum material

Thomas Miedaner and Carl Friedrich Horst Longin

14. Published 23 August 2013
Making Better Fertiliser Decisions for Cropping Systems in Australia (BFDC): knowledge gaps and lessons learnt

M. K. Conyers, M. J. Bell, N. S. Wilhelm, R. Bell, R. M. Norton and C. Walker

15. Published 23 August 2013
Soil nitrogen—crop response calibration relationships and criteria for winter cereal crops grown in Australia

Michael J. Bell, Wayne Strong, Denis Elliott and Charlie Walker

16. Published 30 August 2013
Evaluating the contribution of take-all control to the break-crop effect in wheat

R. A. Lawes, V. V. S. R. Gupta, J. A. Kirkegaard and D. K. Roget

17. Published 30 August 2013
Can summer-active perennial species improve pasture nutritive value and sward stability?

S. G. Clark, G. N. Ward, G. A. Kearney, A. R. Lawson, M. R. McCaskill, B. J. O'Brien, M. C. Raeside and R. Behrendt

18. Published 6 August 2013
Virus diseases of perennial pasture legumes in Australia: incidences, losses, epidemiology, and management

Roger A. C. Jones

19. Published 23 August 2013
Soil phosphorus—crop response calibration relationships and criteria for oilseeds, grain legumes and summer cereal crops grown in Australia

Michael J. Bell, Philip W. Moody, Geoffrey C. Anderson and Wayne Strong

20. Published 6 August 2013
Virus diseases of pasture grasses in Australia: incidences, losses, epidemiology, and management

Roger A. C. Jones

Current Issue
Journal Cover
Volume 65 (6)

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View the vodcast

View the vodcast Guest Editors of Crop & Pasture Science (Drs Simon Speirs and Ken Peverill), discuss the outcomes and lessons learnt from the Making Better Fertiliser Decisions Special Issue.


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