CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Australian Journal of Botany   
Australian Journal of Botany
Journal Banner
  Southern Hemisphere Botanical Ecosystems
blank image Search
blank image blank image
blank image
  Advanced Search

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Turner Review Series
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Open Access
Awards and Prizes
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter logo LinkedIn

red arrow PrometheusWiki
blank image
Protocols in ecological and environmental plant physiology


Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 5(2)

The high mountain vegetation of Australia

AB Costin

Australian Journal of Botany 5(2) 173 - 189
Published: 1957


An account is given of the high mountain vegetation of the Australian Alps.

This vegetation is naturally defined as that situated above the level of the winter snow-line (4500–5000 ft); it occupies an area in south-eastern Australia of about 2000 sq. miles.

The high mountain environment can be divided into subalpine and alpine tracts, on the basis of average duration of the winter snow cover and related effects. Relevant climatic data are given, together with information on physiography, geology, flora, fauna, soils, and land use.

The plant communities identified earlier in the Snowy Mountains area are found to provide a generalIy satisfactory basis for the rest of the high mountain areas. The various fjaeldmark, alpine herbfield, sod tussock grassland, heath, subalpine woodland, and bog and fen alliances are enumerated, with details of distribution and rariation in Australia and comparisons with homologous vegetation in Europe.

Five broad ecological types of high mountain are recognized and the characteristic associations of communities are described.

Almost all of the Australian high mountain vegetation has been modified by land use. Few of the existing communities are regarded as stable and the direction of change will depend largely on how they are henceforth managed by man.

Full text doi:10.1071/BT9570173

© CSIRO 1957

blank image
Subscriber Login

PDF (1.2 MB) $25
 Export Citation
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help


© CSIRO 1996-2015