Cytoembryology of Paspalum chaseanum and Sexual Diploid Biotypes of Two Apomictic Paspalum Species
Francisco Espinoza and Camilo L. Quarín
Australian Journal of Botany
45(5) 871 - 877
This study was undertaken to determine the cytology, method of reproduction, and flowering behaviour of three Paspalum species. Paspalum plicatulum has long been considered a segmental allotetraploid that reproduces by obligate apomixis with the type being apospory followed by pseudogamy. Paspalum simplex is an apomictic autotetraploid species, while P. chaseanum is a rare species for which no information regarding cytology and reproduction is available. This investigation concerns diploid cytotypes (2n = 2x = 20) of P. plicatulum and P. simplex that were recently collected in subtropical South America. In addition, two accessions of P. chaseanum were also recorded and both had 2n = 2x = 20 chromosomes. Meiosis showed regular bivalent chromosome pairing. Embryological observations indicated that the three species reproduce sexually at the diploid level. Pollen–pistil interaction following self-pollination suggested the presence of a self-incompatibility system responsible for allogamy. The results indicate that P. plicatulum and P. simplex complexes consist of diploid sexual allogamous cytotypes in addition to the known tetraploid apomictic cytotypes. Diploid strains constitute a source of sexuality for plant improvement. Chromosome doubling will likely produce sexual tetraploids to be used as females in crosses with natural apomictic tetraploid biotypes. Since diploid self-incompatible sexual Paspalum plants usually have apomictic tetraploid co-specific counterparts, the self-incompatible diploid P. chaseanum described in this study warrants further exploration for its apomictic counterpart.
Full text doi:10.1071/BT96055
© CSIRO 1997