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Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 60(6)

The Rise of Azide–Alkyne 1,3-Dipolar ‘Click’ Cycloaddition and its Application to Polymer Science and Surface Modification

Richard A. Evans

A CSIRO Molecular and Health Technologies, Bag 10, Clayton South VIC 3169, Australia. Email: richard.evans@csiro.au
B Centre for Advanced Macromolecular Design (CAMD), School of Chemical Engineering and Industrial Chemistry, University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052, Australia.
 
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Abstract

New methods to synthesize and functionalize polymers are of constant interest to the polymer scientist. The 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition between an azide and terminal alkyne has received much attention since the reports that copper(i) provides high yields and regioselective synthesis of 1,4-substituted 1,2,3-triazoles. This coupling chemistry has been rapidly adopted by polymer scientists in the synthesis and post-polymerization modification of polymers. This Review will provide the historical context of the recent development of the copper-mediated azide–alkyne cycloaddition and its use in polymer science, particularly in dendrimer synthesis/functionalization, surface immobilization/modification, orthogonally functionalizing polymers, and its integration with ATRP (atom transfer radical polymerization).

   
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