Nodulation studies on legumes exotic to Australia: symbiotic relationships between Chamaecytisus palmensis (tagasaste) and Lotus spp
RR Gault, A Pilka, DM Hebb and J Brockwell
Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture
34(3) 385 - 394
Strains of rhizobia were isolated from soil around the roots of tagasaste (Chamaecytisus palmensis) growing at 15 widely separated locations in south-eastem Australia. A further collection of strains of both Rhizobium loti and Bradyrhizobium sp. (Lotus) was assembled from 18 legumes including Lotus and other species symbiotically related to Lotus. The strains were used to inoculate tagasaste and 4 species of Lotus in experiments conducted under bacteriologically controlled conditions in a temperature-controlled glasshouse. Tagasaste formed nodules and fixed N2 with all of its homologous rhizobia but there was a wide range of effectiveness among the 15 strains. Tagasaste also formed nodules with each of the 18 strains from other species but fixed N2 with only 10. Four species of Lotus were inoculated with 3 tagasaste strains. One strain nodulated each species and fixed N2 with L. conimhricensis and L. corniculatus but not with L. parviflorus or L. pedunculatus. A second tagasaste strain formed nodules with all 4 Lotus spp. but did not fix N2, while the third nodulated only L. pedunculatus but did not fix N2. A pattern analysis based on the nodulating ability of the host plants in association with 21 strains showed that tagasaste and L. corniculatus formed 1 symbiotic group, and the other 3 Lotus species formed a third group. The pattern analysis procedure based on nodulating capacity of 21 rhizobial strains in association with the 5 host species indicated substantial symbiotic diversity within the collection, with the strains comprising 8 different symbiotic groups. No strain was highly effective on both tagasaste and any of the 4 species of Lotus. Data were insufficient to classify the root-nodule bacteria of tagasaste as either Rhizobium loti or Bradyrhizobium sp. (Lotus).
Full text doi:10.1071/EA9940385
© CSIRO 1994