CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Environmental Chemistry   
Environmental Chemistry
Journal Banner
  Environmental problems - Chemical approaches
blank image Search
blank image blank image
blank image
  Advanced Search

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Virtual Issues
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Library Recommendation

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter logo LinkedIn


Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 3(6)

Rate of Cd2+ Release from Dissolved Fulvic Acid and Natural Dissolved Organic Carbon as a Function of UVB Dose

R. Néron A B, J. C. Auclair A C, C. Fortin A

A INRS-Eau, Terre et Environment, Université du Québec, Québec, QC G1K 9A9, Canada.
B Present address: Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, St Laurent, QC H4R 1J6, Canada.
C Corresponding author. Email: auclair@ete.inrs.ca
PDF (245 KB) $25
 Export Citation

Environmental Context. Atmospheric ozone depletion results in an increase of UVB radiation impinging on the surface waters of aquatic ecosystems. Radiative absorption by dissolved humic substances results in bleaching and photochemical decomposition to smaller molecular weight dissolved components. With respect to the lake biota, this can reduce the effectiveness of a natural absorptive protective UV screen, as well as enrich the surface waters with microbial substrates and previously bound biologically unavailable trace metals. In controlled experiments using low-level Cd-contaminated dissolved fulvic acids and natural lakewater dissolved organic carbon, we examine the relationship between increasing UV dose and cadmium free-ion (Cd2+) concentrations.

Abstract. Using controlled UVB exposures in a laboratory incubator, the photolytic release of bound cadmium from cadmium-contaminated dissolved fulvic acid and cadmium-amended natural lakewater dissolved organic carbon was examined using an ion-exchange technique, developed to measure the cadmium free-ion concentration (Cd2+). In the fulvic acid experiments, with increasing UVB dose, the increasing cadmium free-ion concentration followed an exponential saturation function, whereas the decrease in dissolved organic carbon was linear. Experiments using natural lakewaters did not reveal any increase in Cd2+, even at high UVB exposures. Given the much greater dissolved iron concentration in humic natural lakewaters, relative to the fulvic acid medium, iron photoreduction and reoxidation produces fresh amorphous iron oxide surfaces. We hypothesize that these bind the cadmium free-ion, thus reducing its aqueous concentration. Depending on Cd2+ affinity to biological surfaces, this mechanism might thus competitively further protect the biota from trace metal toxicity.

Keywords: bound residues — complexation — dissolved organic carbon — humic substances — UV radiation

Subscriber Login

Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help


© CSIRO 1996-2016