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Protocols in ecological and environmental plant physiology

 

Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 35(6)

Impacts of fire on forest age and runoff in mountain ash forests

Stephen A. Wood, Jason Beringer, Lindsay B. Hutley, A. David McGuire, Albert Van Dijk and Musa Kilinc

Functional Plant Biology 35(6) 483 - 492
Published: 01 August 2008

Abstract

Runoff from mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans F.Muell.) forested catchments has been shown to decline significantly in the few decades following fire  returning to pre-fire levels in the following centuries  owing to changes in ecosystem water use with stand age in a relationship known as Kuczera's model. We examined this relationship between catchment runoff and stand age by measuring whole-ecosystem exchanges of water using an eddy covariance system measuring forest evapotranspiration (ET) combined with sap-flow measurements of tree water use, with measurements made across a chronosequence of three sites (24, 80 and 296 years since fire). At the 296-year old site eddy covariance systems were installed above the E. regnans overstorey and above the distinct rainforest understorey. Contrary to predictions from the Kuczera curve, we found that measurements of whole-forest ET decreased by far less across stand age between 24 and 296 years. Although the overstorey tree water use declined by 1.8 mm day-1 with increasing forest age (an annual decrease of 657 mm) the understorey ET contributed between 1.2 and 1.5 mm day-1, 45% of the total ET (3 mm day-1) at the old growth forest.

Keywords: eddy covariance, Eucalyptus regnans, sap flow, transpiration.



Full text doi:10.1071/FP08120

© CSIRO 2008

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