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  Official Journal of the Australasian College for Infection Prevention and Control
 
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Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 17(2)

Antimicrobial efficacies of chlorhexidine gluconate–alcohols and a povidone–iodine solution as skin preparations in vivo

Yutaka Nishihara A C, Takumi Kajiura A, Katsuhiro Yokota A, Hiroyoshi Kobayashi B and Takashi Okubo B

A Yoshida Pharmaceutical Company Ltd, Research & Development Division, Tokyo, Japan.
B Tokyo Healthcare University, Postgraduate School, Tokyo, Japan.
C Corresponding author. Email: nishihara_yutaka@yoshida-pharm.co.jp

Healthcare Infection 17(2) 52-56 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/HI12006
Submitted: 14 February 2012  Accepted: 11 April 2012   Published: 22 May 2012


 
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Abstract

The main purpose of the study was to compare the antimicrobial efficacy of chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG)–alcohols and a povidone–iodine (PVP–I) solution on the skin. The efficacy on the antecubital fossa, the abdomen and the inguen was evaluated to a maximum of 24 h after treatment by testing 74 healthy adult subjects according to an ASTM standard method. Relative to baseline microbial populations, all products produced significant reductions in population at all sites (P < 0.05). A blocked, two-factor ANOVA showed that the performance (mean log10 reduction values) on inguinal sites at 24 h (2.63 for 1% CHG–ethanol, 3.25 for 2% CHG–isopropanol preparation and 2.29 for PVP–I solution) was not significantly different at any time after treatment (P > 0.05); this applied equally at the other sites tested. Given that Japanese pharmaceutical regulations limit CHG content in antiseptics to a maximum of 1%, it would be reasonable to expect that a 1% CHG–ethanol skin preparation could be chosen in Japan that would perform well and have promising potential for catheter preparation and/or maintenance preparation.

Additional keywords: catheter-related bloodstream infection, CDC Guidelines, CRBSI, skin preparation.


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