CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Marine & Freshwater Research   
Marine & Freshwater Research
Journal Banner
  Advances in the Aquatic Sciences
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Board
Contacts
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Instructions to Authors
Submit Article
Open Access
For Referees
General Information
Review an Article
Referee Guidelines
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter youtube

 

Article << Previous     |         Contents Vol 61(12)

Destined to decline? Intrinsic susceptibility of the threatened estuary stingray to anthropogenic impacts

Simon J. Pierce A B and Michael B. Bennett A

A School of Biomedical Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Qld 4072, Australia.
B Corresponding author. Email: simon@marinemegafauna.org

Marine and Freshwater Research 61(12) 1468-1481 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MF10073
Submitted: 16 March 2010  Accepted: 21 September 2010   Published: 13 December 2010


 
PDF (298 KB) $25
 Export Citation
 Print
  
Abstract

Evaluating the extinction risk of poorly known fishes is one of the key problems in marine conservation biology. Elasmobranchs are widely recognised to be highly susceptible to anthropogenic impacts, with ecological specialists being particularly at risk. The estuary stingray Dasyatis fluviorum is endemic to near-shore, estuarine and riverine habitats along the eastern coast of Australia. The present study aimed to obtain basic data on the biology and demography of D. fluviorum to inform conservation evaluation of the species. Age and growth data were collected from rays caught in Moreton Bay, Queensland. Maturity occurred at 630 mm disc width (WD) (13.4 years) in females and 412 mm WD (7.0 years) in males, with maximum age estimates of 21 and 16 years from females and males, respectively. These parameters produced a positive population growth of 1.02 year–1 in a stochastic demographic model based on indirect estimates of mortality. The life history parameters of D. fluviorum confer a high to very high vulnerability to population decline, emphasising the need for directed conservation efforts for the species. Without management intervention, even minor levels of additive anthropogenic mortality are likely to lead to the species’ conservation status declining further to Endangered based on IUCN classification criteria.

Additional keywords: ecological risk assessment, fuzzy logic, population viability analysis.


References

Beverton, R. J. H., and Holt, S. J. (1957). ‘On the Dynamics of Exploited Fish Populations. Fishery Investigations Series II. Volume XIX.’ (Her Majesty’s Stationary Office: London.)

Braccini, J. M., Gillanders, B. M., and Walker, T. I. (2006). Hierarchical approach to the assessment of fishing effects on non-target chondrichthyans: case study of Squalus megalops in southeastern Australia. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63, 2456–2466.
CrossRef |

Braccini, J. M., Gillanders, B. M., Walker, T. I., and Tovar-Avila, J. (2007). Comparison of deterministic growth models fitted to length-at-age data of the piked spurdog (Squalus megalops) in south-eastern Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 58, 24–33.
CrossRef |

Brook, B. W., Sodhi, N. S., and Bradshaw, C. J. A. (2008). Synergies among extinction drivers under global change. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 23, 453–460.
CrossRef |

Burnham, K. P., and Anderson, D. R. (2002). ‘Model Selection and Multimodel Inference: A Practical Information–Theoretic Approach.’ 2nd edn. (Springer–Verlag: New York.)

Cailliet, G. M., and Goldman, K. J. (2004). Age determination and validation in chondrichthyan fishes. In ‘Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives’. (Eds J. C. Carrier, J. A. Musick and M. R. Heithaus.) pp. 399–447. (CRC Press: Boca Raton.)

Cailliet, G. M., Smith, W. D., Mollet, H. F., and Goldman, K. J. (2006). Age and growth studies of chondrichthyan fishes: the need for consistency in terminology, verification, validation, and growth function fitting. Environmental Biology of Fishes 77, 211–228.
CrossRef |

Capapé, C., and Zaouali, J. (1995). Reproductive biology of the marbled stingray, Dasyatis marmorata (Steindachner, 1892) (Pisces : Dasyatidae) in Tunisian waters (central Mediterranean). Journal of Aquariculture and Aquatic Sciences 7, 108–119..

Carlson, J. K., and Baremore, I. E. (2003). Changes in biological parameters of Atlantic sharpnose shark Rhizoprionodon terraenovae in the Gulf of Mexico: evidence for density-dependent growth and maturity? Marine and Freshwater Research 54, 227–234.
CrossRef |

Cassoff, R. M., Campana, S. E., and Myklevoll, S. (2007). Changes in baseline growth and maturation parameters of Northwest Atlantic porbeagle, Lamna nasus, following heavy exploitation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64, 19–29.
CrossRef |

Cerrato, R. M. (1990). Interpretable statistical tests for growth comparisons using parameters in the von Bertalanffy equation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 47, 1416–1426.
CrossRef |

Chen, S., and Watanabe, S. (1989). Age dependence of natural mortality coefficient in fish population dynamics. Nippon Suisan Gakkai Shi 55, 205–208..

Cheung, W. W. L., Pitcher, T. J., and Pauly, D. (2005). A fuzzy logic expert system to estimate intrinsic extinction vulnerabilities of marine fishes to fishing. Biological Conservation 124, 97–111.
CrossRef |

Cheung, W. W. L., Watson, R., Morato, T., Pitcher, T. J., and Pauly, D. (2007). Intrinsic vulnerability in the global fish catch. Marine Ecology Progress Series 333, 1–12.
CrossRef |

Conrath, C. L., Gelsleichter, J., and Musick, J. A. (2002). Age and growth of the smooth dogfish (Mustelus canis) in the northwest Atlantic Ocean. Fishery Bulletin 100, 674–682..

Cortés, E. (2000). Life history patterns and correlations in sharks. Reviews in Fisheries Science 8, 299–344..

Cortés, E. (2002). Incorporating uncertainty into demographic modeling: application to shark populations and their conservation. Conservation Biology 16, 1048–1062.
CrossRef |

Cortés, E. (2004). Life history patterns, demography, and population dynamics. In ‘Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives’. (Eds J. C. Carrier, J. A. Musick and M. R. Heithaus.) pp. 449–469. (CRC Press: Boca Raton.)

Cortés, E. (2007). Chondrichthyan demographic modelling: an essay on its use, abuse and future. Marine and Freshwater Research 58, 4–6.
CrossRef |

Dulvy, N. K., and Reynolds, J. D. (2002). Predicting extinction vulnerability in skates. Conservation Biology 16, 440–450.
CrossRef |

Dulvy, N. K., Sadovy, Y., and Reynolds, J. D. (2003). Extinction vulnerability in marine populations. Fish and Fisheries 4, 25–64.
CrossRef |

Dulvy, N. K., Ellis, J. R., Goodwin, N. B., Grant, A., Reynolds, J. D., et al. (2004). Methods of assessing extinction risk in marine fishes. Fish and Fisheries 5, 255–276.
CrossRef |

Dulvy, N. K., Baum, J. K., Clarke, S., Compagno, L. J. V., Cortés, E., et al. (2008). You can swim but you can’t hide: the global status and conservation of oceanic pelagic sharks and rays. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 18, 459–482.
CrossRef |

EPA (2008). Estuary stingray. Queensland Government Environmental Protection Agency. Available at https://www.epa.qld.gov.au/nature_conservation/wildlife/az_of_animals/estuary_stingray.html [Verified 5 October 2010].

Fabens, A. J. (1965). Properties and fitting of the von Bertalanffy growth curve. Growth 29, 265–289..
| CAS | PubMed |

Frisk, M. G., Miller, T. J., and Fogarty, M. J. (2001). Estimation and analysis of biological parameters in elasmobranch fishes: a comparative life history study. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58, 969–981.
CrossRef |

Frisk, M. G., Miller, T. J., and Dulvy, N. K. (2004). Life histories and vulnerability to exploitation of elasmobranchs: inferences from elasticity, perturbation and phylogenetic analyses. Journal of Northwest Atlantic Fishery Science 34, 1–19..

García, V. B., Lucifora, L. O., and Myers, R. A. (2008). The importance of habitat and life history to extinction risk in sharks, skates, rays and chimaeras. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences 275, 83–89.
CrossRef |

Goldman, K. J. (2004). Age and growth of elasmobranch fishes. In ‘Elasmobranch Fisheries Management Techniques’. (Eds J. A. Musick and R. Bonfil.) pp. 97–132. (APEC Secretariat: Singapore.)

Grubbs, D. R., Snelson, F., Piercy, A., Rosa, R. S., and Furtado, M. (2006). Dasyatis americana. 2009 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/60149/0 [Verified 5 October 2010].

Henningsen, A. D. (2000). Notes on reproduction in the southern stingray, Dasyatis americana (Chondrichthyes : Dasyatidae), in a captive environment. Copeia 2000, 826–828.
CrossRef |

Heupel, M. R., Carlson, J. K., and Simpfendorfer, C. A. (2007). Shark nursery areas: concepts, definition, characterization and assumptions. Marine Ecology Progress Series 337, 287–297.
CrossRef |

Hoenig, J. M. (1983). Empirical use of longevity data to estimate mortality rates. Fishery Bulletin 82, 898–903..

Hood, G. M. (2008). PopTools version 3.0.5. Available at http://www.cse.csiro.au/poptools [Verified 5 October 2010].

IUCN (2001). ‘IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1.’ (IUCN Species Survival Commission: Gland and Cambridge.)

IUCN (2009). 2009 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at http://www.iucnredlist.org [Verified 5 October 2010].

Jennings, S., Mélin, F., Blanchard, J. L., Forster, R. M., Dulvy, N. K., et al. (2008). Global-scale predictions of community and ecosystem properties from simple ecological theory. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences 275, 1375–1383.
CrossRef |

Jensen, A. L. (1996). Beverton and Holt life history invariants result from optimal trade-off of reproduction and survival. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 53, 820–822.
CrossRef |

Johnson, J. W. (1999). Annotated checklist of the fishes of Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 43, 709–762..

Joung, S. J., Chen, C. T., Clark, E., Uchida, S., and Huang, W. Y. P. (1996). The whale shark, Rhincodon typus, is a livebearer: 300 embryos found in one ‘megamamma’ supreme. Environmental Biology of Fishes 46, 219–223.
CrossRef |

Kimura, D. K. (1980). Likelihood methods for the von Bertalanffy growth curve. Fishery Bulletin 77, 765–776..

Kyne, P. M., Pollard, D. A., and Bennett, M. B. (2003). Dasyatis fluviorum. 2009 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/41797/0 [Verified 5 October 2010].

Last, P. R. (2002). Freshwater and estuarine elasmobranchs of Australia. In ‘Elasmobranch Biodiversity, Conservation and Management. Proceedings of the International Seminar and Workshop, Sabah, Malaysia, July 1997’. (Eds S. L. Fowler, T. M. Reed and F. A. Dipper.) pp. 185–193. (IUCN: Gland and Cambridge.)

Last, P. R., and Stevens, J. D. (1994). ‘Sharks and Rays of Australia.’ (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.)

Marshall, L. J., White, W. T., and Potter, I. C. (2007). Reproductive biology and diet of the southern fiddler ray, Trygonorrhina fasciata (Batoidea : Rhinobatidae), an important trawl bycatch species. Marine and Freshwater Research 58, 104–115.
CrossRef |

McAuley, R. B., Simpfendorfer, C. A., and Hall, N. G. (2007). A method for evaluating the impacts of fishing mortality and stochastic influences on the demography of two long-lived shark stocks. ICES Journal of Marine Science 64, 1710–1722.
CrossRef |

Myers, R. A., and Worm, B. (2005). Extinction, survival or recovery of large predatory fishes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences 360, 13–20.
CrossRef |

Otway, N. M., Bradshaw, C. J. A., and Harcourt, R. G. (2004). Estimating the rate of quasi-extinction of the Australian grey nurse shark (Carcharias taurus) population using deterministic age- and stage-classified models. Biological Conservation 119, 341–350.
CrossRef |

Pauly, D. (1980). On the interrelationships between natural mortality, growth parameters, and mean environmental temperature in 175 fish stocks. Journal du Conseil International pour l’Exploration de la Mer 39, 175–192..

Pierce, S. J. (2009). The biology, demography and conservation of rays in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Ph.D. Thesis, The University of Queensland, Brisbane.

Pierce, S. J., and Bennett, M. B. (2009). Validated annual band-pair periodicity and growth parameters of blue-spotted maskray Neotrygon kuhlii from south-east Queensland, Australia. Journal of Fish Biology 75, 2490–2508.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Pierce, S. J., and Bennett, M. B. (2010). Distribution of the estuary stingray (Dasyatis fluviorum) in Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum – Nature 55, 9–17..

Pierce, S. J., Pardo, S. A., and Bennett, M. B. (2009). Reproduction of the blue-spotted maskray Neotrygon kuhlii (Myliobatoidei : Dasyatidae) in south-east Queensland, Australia. Journal of Fish Biology 74, 1291–1308.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Pierce, S. J., Scott-Holland, T. B., and Bennett, M. B. (in press). Community composition of elasmobranch fishes utilizing intertidal sand-flats in Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Pacific Science 65, .

Pogonoski, J. J., Pollard, D. A., and Paxton, J. R. (2002). ‘Conservation Overview and Action Plan for Australian Threatened and Potentially Threatened Marine and Estuarine Fishes.’ (Environment Australia: Canberra.)

Reynolds, J. D., Dulvy, N. K., Goodwin, N. B., and Hutchings, J. A. (2005). Biology of extinction risk in marine fishes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Biological Sciences 272, 2337–2344.
CrossRef |

Ricker, W. E. (1975). Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bulletin of Fisheries Research Board of Canada 191, 1–382..

Simpfendorfer, C. A. (1992). Reproductive strategy of the Australian sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon taylori (Elasmobranchii : Carcharhinidae), from Cleveland Bay, northern Queensland. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 43, 67–75.
CrossRef |

Simpfendorfer, C. A. (1993). Age and growth of the Australian sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon taylori, from north Queensland, Australia. Environmental Biology of Fishes 36, 233–241.
CrossRef |

Simpfendorfer, C. A. (1999). Mortality estimates and demographic analysis for the Australian sharpnose shark, Rhizoprionodon taylori, from northern Australia. Fishery Bulletin 97, 978–986..

Simpfendorfer, C. A. (2004). Demographic models: life tables, matrix models and rebound potential. In ‘Elasmobranch Fisheries Management Techniques’. (Eds J. A. Musick and R. Bonfil.) pp. 187–204. (APEC Secretariat: Singapore.)

Simpfendorfer, C. A., Bonfil, R., and Latour, R. J. (2004). Mortality estimation. In ‘Elasmobranch Fisheries Management Techniques’. (Eds J. A. Musick and R. Bonfil.) pp. 165–186. (APEC Secretariat: Singapore.)

Simpfendorfer, C. A., Freitas, G. G., Wiley, T. R., and Heupel, M. R. (2005). Distribution and habitat partitioning of immature bull sharks (Carcharhinus leucas) in a southwest Florida estuary. Estuaries 28, 78–85.
CrossRef |

Smith, W. D., Bizzarro, J. J., and Lamilla, J. (2006). Dasyatis dipterura. 2009 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/60152/0 [Verified 5 October 2010].

Smith, W. D., Cailliet, G. M., and Melendez, E. M. (2007). Maturity and growth characteristics of a commercially exploited stingray, Dasyatis dipterura. Marine and Freshwater Research 58, 54–66.
CrossRef |

Smith, W. D., Cailliet, G. M., and Cortés, E. (2008). Demography and elasticity of the diamond stingray, Dasyatis dipterura: parameter uncertainty and resilience to fishing pressure. Marine and Freshwater Research 59, 575–586.
CrossRef |

Snelson, F. F., Williams-Hooper, S. E., and Schmid, T. H. (1988). Reproduction and ecology of the Atlantic stingray, Dasyatis sabina, in Florida coastal lagoons. Copeia 1988, 729–739.
CrossRef |

Snelson, F. F., Williams-Hooper, S. E., and Schmid, T. H. (1989). Biology of the bluntnose stingray, Dasyatis sayi, in Florida coastal lagoons. Bulletin of Marine Science 45, 15–25..

Snelson, F., Piercy, A., and Grubbs, D. (2006). Dasyatis say. 2009 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available at http://www.redlist.org/apps/redlist/details/60159 [Verified 5 October 2010].

Stevens, J. D., Bonfil, R., Dulvy, N. K., and Walker, P. A. (2000). The effects of fishing on sharks, rays, and chimaeras (chondrichthyans), and the implications for marine ecosystems. ICES Journal of Marine Science 57, 476–494.
CrossRef |

Stobutzki, I., Miller, M., and Brewer, D. (2001). Sustainability of fishery bycatch: a process for assessing highly diverse and numerous bycatch. Environmental Conservation 28, 167–181.
CrossRef |

Taylor, I. G., and Gallucci, V. F. (2009). Unconfounding the effects of climate and density dependence using 60 years of data on spiny dogfish (Squalus acanthias). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 66, 351–366.
CrossRef |

Thorburn, D. C., Morgan, D. L., Rowland, A. J., and Gill, H. S. (2007). Freshwater sawfish Pristis microdon Latham, 1794 (Chondrichthyes: Pristidae) in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. Zootaxa 1471, 27–41..

Walker, T. I. (1998). Can shark resources be harvested sustainably? A question revisited with a review of shark fisheries. Marine and Freshwater Research 49, 553–572.
CrossRef |

White, W. T., Platell, M. E., and Potter, I. C. (2001). Relationship between reproductive biology and age composition and growth in Urolophus lobatus (Batoidea : Urolophidae). Marine Biology 138, 135–147.
CrossRef |

Zhou, S., and Griffiths, S. P. (2008). Sustainability Assessment for Fishing Effects (SAFE): A new quantitative ecological risk assessment method and its application to elasmobranch bycatch in an Australian trawl fishery. Fisheries Research 91, 56–68.
CrossRef |


   
Subscriber Login
Username:
Password:  

 
    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2014