CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Marine & Freshwater Research   
Marine & Freshwater Research
Journal Banner
  Advances in the Aquatic Sciences
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Board
Contacts
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Instructions to Authors
Submit Article
Open Access
For Referees
General Information
Review an Article
Referee Guidelines
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter youtube

 

Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 65(12)

Ecological response of Eucalyptus camaldulensis (river red gum) to extended drought and flooding along the River Murray, South Australia (1997–2011) and implications for environmental flow management

Tanya M. Doody A C , Simon N. Benger B , Jodie L. Pritchard A and Ian C. Overton A

A CSIRO Water for a Healthy Country National Research Flagship, CSIRO Land and Water, PMB 2, Glen Osmond, SA 5064, Australia.
B School of the Environment, Flinders University, GPO Box 2100, Adelaide, SA 5064, Australia.
C Corresponding author. Email: tanya.doody@csiro.au

Marine and Freshwater Research 65(12) 1082-1093 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MF13247
Submitted: 17 September 2013  Accepted: 16 March 2014   Published: 10 October 2014


 
PDF (874 KB) $25
 Export Citation
 Print
  
Abstract

Riparian forest and woodlands of the lower River Murray floodplain are exhibiting deteriorating health as a result of anthropogenic alterations to flow regimes and south-eastern Australia’s long-term ‘Millennium Drought’ from 1997 to 2009. Extensive flooding in 2010/2011 brought the drought to an end, providing an opportunity to monitor ecological floodplain recovery. The relationship between flooding and lateral recharge and condition of the dominant riparian tree species, Eucalyptus camaldulensis, was determined between 2007 and 2011 using the Landsat (LTM5) Normalised Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). Linking the river hydrograph with the River Murray Floodplain Inundation Model (RiM-FIM) allowed exploration of the relationship between inundation duration and E. camaldulensis water requirements. Results indicate lateral bank recharge is an important mechanism in the maintenance of vegetation condition along the River Murray channel. Higher in-channel irrigation water delivery during summer months was identified as critical to survival of trees adjacent to the channel during the drought. The research suggests that weir pool manipulation to create in-channel flood pulses will aid E. camaldulensis maintenance. Furthermore, release of environmental flows once every 3 to 5 years to create bank-full flow or preferably overbank flows, will increase hydrological connectivity between river banks, wetlands and riparian zones, providing positive ecological benefits to E. camaldulensis and other floodplain and aquatic ecological assets.

Additional keywords: floodplain trees, lateral recharge, NDVI, remote sensing, riparian health, surface–groundwater interactions, wetland connectivity.


References

Bacon, P. E., Stone, C., Binns, D. L., Leslie, D. J., and Edwards, D. W. (1993). Relationships between water availability and Eucalyptus camaldulensis growth in a riparian forest. Journal of Hydrology 150, 541–561.
CrossRef |

Baron, J. S., Poff, L., Angermeier, P. L., Dahm, C. N., Gleick, P. H., Hairson, N. G., Jackson, R. B., Johnston, C. A., Richter, B. D., and Steinman, A. D. (2002). Meeting ecological and societal needs for freshwater. Ecological Applications 12, 1247–1260.
CrossRef |

Bunn, S. E., Thoms, M. C., Hamilton, S. K., and Capon, S. J. (2006). Flow variability in dryland rivers: boom, Bust and bits in between. River Research and Applications 22, 179–186.

Carlson, T. N., and Ripley, D. A. (1997). On the relation between NDVI, fractional vegetation cover and leaf area index. Remote Sensing of Environment 62, 241–252.
CrossRef |

Chiew, F. H. S., Teng, J., Kirono, D., Frost, A. J., Bathols, J., Vaze, J., Viney, N. R., Young, W. J., Hennessy, K. J., and Cai, W. J. (2008). Climate data for hydrologic scenario modelling across the Murray–Darling Basin. A report to the Australian Government from the CSIRO Murray–Darling Basin Sustainable Yields Project, CSIRO, Australia.

Colloff, M. J., and Baldwin, D. S. (2010). Resilience of floodplain ecosystems in a semi-arid environment. The Rangeland Journal 32, 305–314.

Costelloe, J. F., Payne, E., Woodrow, I. E., Irvine, E. C., Western, A. W., and Leaney, F. W. (2008). Water sources accessed by arid zone riparian trees in highly saline environments, Australia. Oecologia 156, 43–52.
CrossRef | PubMed |

CSIRO (2008). Water availability in the Murray–Darling Basin.A report to the Australian Government from the CSIRO Murray–Darling Basin Sustainable Yields Project, CSIRO, Australia, Available at www.csiro.au/mdbsy

CSIRO (2012). Assessment of the ecological and economic benefits of environmental water in the Murray–Darling Basin. CSIRO Water for a Healthy Country National Research Flagship, Australia.

Cunningham, S. C., Mac Nally, R., White, M., Read, J., Baker, P. J., White, M., Thomson, J., and Griffoen, P. (2009). A robust technique for mapping vegetation condition across a major river system. Ecosystems 12, 207–219.
CrossRef |

Doble, R., Simmons, C., Jolly, I., and Walker, G. (2006). Spatial relationships between vegetation cover and irrigation-inuduced groundwater discharge on a semi-arid floodplain, Australia. Journal of Hydrology 329, 75–97.
CrossRef |

Doody, T. M., Holland, K. L., Benyon, R. G., and Jolly, I. D. (2009). Effect of groundwater freshening on riparian vegetation water balance. Hydrological Processes 23, 3485–3499.
CrossRef |

Furby, S. L., and Campbell, N. A. (2001). Calibrating images from different dates to ‘like-value’ digital counts. Remote Sensing of Environment 77, 186–196.

Holland, K., Tyreman, S., Mensforth, L., and Walker, G. (2006). Tree water sources over shallow, saline groundwater in the lower River Murray, south eastern Australia: implications for groundwater recharge mechanisms. Australian Journal of Botany 54, 193–205.
CrossRef |

Holland, K. L., Charles, A. H., Jolly, I. D., Overton, I. C., Gehrig, S., and Simmons, C. T. (2009). Effectiveness of artificial watering of a semi-arid saline wetland for managing riparian vegetation health. Hydrological Processes 23, 3474–3484.
CrossRef |

Huete, A. R., Jackson, R. D., and Post, D. F. (1985). Spectral response of a plant canopy with different soil backgrounds. Remote Sensing of Environment 17, 37–53.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (2007).Summary for policymakers. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In ‘Climate Change 2007: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability’. (Eds M. L. Parry, O. F. Canziani, J. P. Palutikof, P. J. van der Linden and C. E. Hanson.) pp. 7–22. (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK.)

Jolly, I., Walker, G., and Thorburn, P. (1993). Salt accumulation in semi-arid floodplain soils with implications for forest health. Journal of Hydrology 150, 589–614.

Jolly, I. D., Narayan, K. A., Armstrong, D., and Walker, G. R. (1998). The impact of flooding on modelling salt transport processes to streams. Environmental Modelling & Software 13, 87–104.
CrossRef |

Jolly, I. D., McEwan, K. L., and Holland, K. L. (2008). A review of groundwater-surface water interactions in arid/semi-arid wetlands and the consequences of salinity for wetland ecology. Ecohydrology 1, 43–58.
CrossRef |

King, A. J., Ward, K. A., O'Connor, P., Green, D., Tonkin, Z., and Mahoney, J. (2010). Adaptive management of an environmental watering event to enhance native fish spawning and recruitment. Freshwater Biology 55, 17–31.
CrossRef |

Kingsford, R. T., Walker, K. F., Lester, R. E., Young, W. J., Fairweather, P. G., Sammut, J., and Geddes, M. C. (2011). A Ramsar wetland in crisis – the Coorong, lower lakes and the Murray mouth, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 62, 255–265.
CrossRef |

Leblanc, M., Tweed, S., Van Dijk, A., and Timbal, B. (2012). A review of historic and future hydrological changes in the Murray–Darling Basin. Global and Planetary Change 80–81, 226–246.
CrossRef |

Lytle, D. A., and Poff, N. L. (2004). Adaptation to natural flow regimes. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 19, 94–100.
CrossRef |

MDBMC (2001). Interim operating rules and triggers for the use of the Barmah–Millewa Forest water allocation. Murray–Darling Basin Ministerial Council, Canberra.

Murray–Darling Basin Commission (2002). Murray–Darling Basin Initiative. Murray–Darling Basin Commission, Canberra.

Murray–Darling Basin Commission and Brett Lane and Associates (2005). Survey of river red gum and black box health along the River Murray in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia – 2004.’ (Murray–Darling Basin Commission: Canberra.) Available at www.samdbnrm.sa.gov.au/Portals/7/AWMN/chowuploads/RRG_report_final%20.pdf [Accessed 11 May 2013]

Naiman, R. J., Latterell, J. J., Pettit, N. E., and Olden, J. D. (2008). Flow variability and the vitality of river systems. Comptes Rendus Geoscience 340, 629–643.
CrossRef |

Overton, I. C. (2005). Modelling floodplain inundation on a regulated river: Integrating GIS, remote sensing and hydrological models. River Research and Applications 21, 991–1001.
CrossRef |

Overton, I. C., and Doody, T. M. (2009). Ecosystem changes on the River Murray floodplain over the last 100 years and predications of climate change. In ‘From Headwaters to the Ocean: Hydrological Changes and Watershed Management’. (Eds M. Taniguchi, W. C. Burnett, Y. Fukushima, M. Haigh and Y. Umezawa.) pp. 599–604. (CRC Press: London.)

Overton, I. C., Rutherford, J. C. and Jolly, I. D. (2005). Flood extent, groundwater recharge and vegetation response from the operation of a potential weir in Chowilla Creek, South Australia. CSIRO Division of Land and Water, Client Report prepared for the South Australian Department of Water, Land and Biodiversity.

Overton, I. C., Jolly, I. D., Slavich, P. G., Lewis, M. M., and Walker, G. R. (2006). Modelling vegetation health from the interaction of saline groundwater and flooding on the Chowilla Floodplain, South Australia. Australian Journal of Botany 54, 207–220.
CrossRef |

Peake, P., Fitzsimons, J., Frood, D., Mitchell, M., Withers, N., White, M., and Webster, R. (2011). A new approach to determining environmental flow requirements: Sustaining the natural values of floodplains of the southern Murray–Darling Basin. Ecological Management & Restoration 12, 128–137.
CrossRef |

Pettorelli, N., Vik, J., Mysterud, A., Gaillard, J.-M., Tucker, C., and Stenseth, N. (2005). Using the satellite-derived NDVI to assess ecological responses to environmental change. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 20, 503–510.
CrossRef |

Poff, N. L., Allan, D. J., Bain, M., Karr, J. R., Prestegaard, K. L., Richter, B. D., Sparks, R. E., and Stromberg, J. C. (1997). The natural flow regime. Bioscience 47, 769–784.
CrossRef |

Roberts, J., and Marston, F. (2011). Water regime for wetland and floodplain plants: a source book for the Murray–Darling Basin. (Australian Government National Water Commission: Canberra.) Available at http://www.nwc.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/18384/Fact_Sheet_-_Water_Regime_for_Wetland_and_Floodplain_Plants_Sept_2011.pdf

Sims, N. C., and Colloff, M. J. (2012). Remote sensing of vegetation responses to flooding of a semi-arid floodplain: Implications of monitoring ecological effects of environmental flows. Ecological Indicators 18, 387–391.
CrossRef |

Slavich, P. G., Walker, G. R., Jolly, I. D., Hatton, T. J., and Dawes, W. R. (1999). Dynamics of Eucalyptus largiflorens growth and water use in response to modified watertable and flooding regimes on a saline floodplain. Agricultural Water Management 39, 245–264.
CrossRef |

Thomas, R., Bowen, S., Simpson, S., Cox, S., Sims, N., Hunter, S., and Lu, Y. (2010). Inundation response of vegetation communities of the Macquarie Marshes in semi-arid Australia. In ‘Ecosystem Response Modelling in the Murray–Darling Basin’. (Eds N. Saintilan and I. Overton.) pp. 137–150. (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.)

Thorburn, P., Hatton, T., and Walker, G. (1993). Combining measurements of transpiration and stable isotopes of water to determine groundwater discharge from forests. Journal of Hydrology 150, 563–587.
CrossRef |

Tulbure, M., Kingsford, R., and Broich, M. (2013). Spatial and temporal dynamic of flooding and vegetation response to flooding using remotely sensed data in the Murray–Darling Basin, Australia. EGU General Assembly 2013, held 7–12 April 2013 in Vienna, Austria. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EGUGA..15.8202T [Abstract]

Wen, L., Ling, J., Saintilan, N., and Rogers, K. (2009). An investigation of the hydrological requirements of River Red Gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis) forest, using classification and regression tree modelling. Ecohydrology 2, 143–155.
CrossRef |

Young, W. J. (2001). Rivers as ecological systems: the Murray–Darling Basin. Murray–Darling Basin Commission, Canberra.

MDBA (2010). Guide to the proposed basin plan. Volume 1: Overview. MDBA Publication No. 60/10. Murray–Darling Basin Authority, Canberra.


   
Subscriber Login
Username:
Password:  

 
    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2014