CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Marine and Freshwater Research   
Marine and Freshwater Research
Journal Banner
  Advances in the aquatic sciences
blank image Search
blank image blank image
blank image
  Advanced Search

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Virtual Issues
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Open Access
For Referees
General Information
Review an Article
Referee Guidelines
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates
Library Recommendation

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter logo LinkedIn


Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 65(10)

A snapshot of the limnology of eastern Australian water bodies spanning the tropics to Tasmania: the land-use, climate, limnology nexus

Jie Christine Chang A B, Craig Woodward A and James Shulmeister A

A School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia.
B Corresponding author. Email: j.chang2@uq.edu.au

Marine and Freshwater Research 65(10) 872-883 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/MF13265
Submitted: 10 October 2013  Accepted: 20 December 2013   Published: 7 July 2014

PDF (474 KB) $25
 Supplementary Material
 Export Citation

The present study investigates 45 natural and artificial water bodies extending across the whole of eastern Australia from the tropics to Tasmania. A broad variety of physio-chemical, land-use and climatic parameters were measured. Reservoirs and other artificial water bodies responded to stressors in their catchments in a similar fashion to natural lakes, but tended to be less nutrient rich, possibly because of shorter residence times and active management. Salinity and pH were strongly correlated in the dataset. Bedrock had a strong influence on pH in freshwater lakes, whereas all highly saline lakes were alkaline, irrespective of bedrock. High concentrations of anions in saline lakes precluded the existence of acid conditions by binding available hydrogen ions. Almost all lakes fell on salinity axes that indicated marine origin for their salts. An assessment of the total nitrogen to total phosphorus molar ratios from the lakes in the present dataset indicated that productivity in Australian lakes could be limited by both nitrogen and phosphorus. Future research using macro-nutrient enrichment experiments should be pursued to confirm this preliminary observation. There was a strong positive correlation between regional aridity and lake eutrophication. This is typical of semi-arid and seasonally arid environments and reflects the concentration of nutrients owing to evaporative flux in shallow basins with high residence times.

Additional keywords: eutrophication, evapotranspiration, freshwater, lakes, reservoirs, lithology.


Abell, J. M., Özkundakci, D., and Hamilton, D. (2010). Nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of phytoplankton growth in New Zealand lakes: implications for eutrophication control. Ecosystems 13, 966–977.
CrossRef | CAS |

Baker, P. D., and Humpage, A. R. (1994). Toxicity associated with commonly occurring cyanobacteria in surface waters of the Murray–Darling Basin, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 45, 773–786.
CrossRef | CAS |

Bayly, I. A. E. (1964). Chemical and biological studies on some acidic lakes of east Australian sandy coastal lowlands. Marine and Freshwater Research 15, 56–72.
CrossRef | CAS |

Bayly, I. A. E., Ebsworth, E. P., and Wan, H. F. (1975). Studies on the lakes of Fraser Island, Queensland. Marine and Freshwater Research 26, 1–13.
CrossRef |

Beklioglu, M., Meerfhoff, M., Søndergaard, M., and Jeppesen, E. (2011). Eutrophication and restoration of shallow lakes from a cold temperate to a warm mediterranean and a (sub)tropical climate. In ‘Eutrophication: Causes, Consequences and Control’. (Eds A. A. Ansari, G. S.Singh, G. R. Lanza and W. Rast.) pp. 91–129. (Springer: Dordrecht, The Netherlands.)

Bell, D. M., Hunter, J. T., and Haworth, R. J. (2008). Montane lakes (lagoons) of the New England tablelands bioregion. Cunninghamia 10, 475–492.

Bergström, A. K. (2010). The use of TN : TP and DIN : TP ratios as indicators for phytoplankton nutrient limitation in oligotrophic lakes affected by N deposition. Aquatic Sciences 72, 277–281.

Beutel, M. W., and Horne, A. J. (1999). A eeview of the effects of hypolimnetic oxygenation on lake and reservoir water quality. Lake and Reservoir Management 15, 285–297.
CrossRef | CAS |

Bowling, L. C. (1988). Optical properties, nutrients and phytoplankton of freshwater coastal dune lakes in south-east Queensland. Marine and Freshwater Research 39, 805–815.
CrossRef | CAS |

Bowling, L. C., and Tyler, P. A. (1988). Lake Chisholm, a polyhumic forest lake in Tasmania. Hydrobiologia 161, 55–67.
CrossRef | CAS |

Bridgman, H., and Timms, B. V. (2012). Australia, climate and lakes. In ‘Encyclopedia of Lakes and Reservoirs’. (Eds L. Bengtsson, R. W. Herschy and R. W. Fairbridge.) pp. 73–80. (Springer: Dordrecht, The Netherlands.)

Briggs, S. V. (1980). Chemical studies of four swamps on the northern tablelnds New South Wales. Marine and Freshwater Research 31, 729–736.
CrossRef | CAS |

Brookes, J. D., and Hamilton, D. (2009). Lakes and reservoirs of Australia and New Zealand. In ‘Encyclopedia of Inland Waters’. (Ed. G. Likens.) pp. 513–524. (Academic Press: Oxford, UK.)

Buckney, R. T., and Tyler, P. A. (1973). Chemistry of Tasmanian inland waters. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie 58, 61–78.
CrossRef | CAS |

Carlson, R. E. (1977). A trophic state index for lakes. Limnology and Oceanography 22, 361–369.
CrossRef | CAS |

Chanson, H., and James, D. P. (1999). Siltation of Australian reservoirs: some observations and dam safety implications. In ‘28th International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR) Congress’. Session B5, 6 pages (Technical University: Graz, Austria)

Constantine, J. A., and Dunne, T. (2008). Meander cutoff and the controls on the production of oxbow lakes Geology 36, 23–26.
CrossRef |

Costin, A. B., Gray, M., Totterdell, C. J., and Wimbush, D. J. (2000). ‘Kosciusko Alpine Flora.’ 2nd edn. (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.)

Davis, J. R., and Koop, K. (2006). Eutrophication in Australian rivers, reservoirs and estuaries – a southern hemisphere perspective on the science and its implications. Hydrobiologia 559, 23–76.
CrossRef | CAS |

De Deckker, P. (1983). Australian salt lakes: their history, chemistry, and biota – a review. Hydrobiologia 105, 231–244.
CrossRef | CAS |

De Deckker, P., and Williams, W. D. (1988). Physico-chemical limnology of eleven, mostly saline permanent lakes in western Victoria, Australia. Hydrobiologia 162, 275–286.
CrossRef | CAS |

Dimitriadis, S., and Cranston, P. S. (2001). An Australian Holocene climate reconstruction using Chironomidae from a tropical volcanic maar lake. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 176, 109–131.
CrossRef |

Gentilli, J. (1971). Dynamics of the Australian troposphere. In ‘World Survey of Climatology: Climates of Australia and New Zealand’. (Ed. J. Gentilli.) pp. 53–117.(Elsevier: Amsterdam.)

Graham, D. J., and Midgley, N. G. (2000). Graphical representation of particle shape using triangular diagrams: an Excel spreadsheet method. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 25, 1473–1477.
CrossRef |

Green, K. (2012). Intra- and inter-annual changes in chemistry of Australian glacial lakes. Marine and Freshwater Research 63, 513–527.
CrossRef | CAS |

Guildford, S., and Hecky, R. (2000). Total nitrogen, total phosphorus, and putrient limitation in lakes and oceans: is there a common rela-tionship? Limnology and Oceanography 45, 1213–1223.
CrossRef | CAS |

Haberle, S. G. (2005). A 23 000-yr pollen record from Lake Euramoo, Wet Tropics of NE Queensland, Australia. Quaternary Research 64, 343–356.
CrossRef |

Harris, G. P. (2001). Biogeochemistry of nitrogen and phosphorus in Australian catchments, rivers and estuaries: effects of land use and flow regulation and comparisons with global patterns. Marine and Freshwater Research 52, 139–149.
CrossRef | CAS |

Harris, S., and Kitchener, A. (2005). ‘From Forest to Fjaeldmark: Descriptions of Tasmania’s Vegetation.’ (Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment, Printing Authority of Tasmania: Hobart.)

Hembrow, S. C., and Taffs, K. H. (2012). Water quality changes in Lake McKenzie, Fraser Island, Australia: a palaeolimnological approach. The Australian Geographer 43, 291–302.
CrossRef |

Jennings, J. N., and Banks, M. R. (1958). The Pleistocene glacial history of Tasmania. Journal of Glaciology 24, 298–303.

Jones, G. J., and Poplawski, W. (1998). Understanding and management of cyanobacterial blooms in sub-tropical reservoirs of Queensland, Australia. Water Science and Technology 37, 161–168.
CrossRef | CAS |

Kershaw, A. P., Bretherton, S. C., and Van der Kaars, S. (2007). A complete pollen record of the last 230 ka from Lynch’s Crater, north-eastern Australia. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 251, 23–45.
CrossRef |

McComb, A. J., and Davis, J. A. (1993). Eutrophic waters of southwestern Australia. Fertilizer Research 36, 105–114.
CrossRef |

Morris, D. P., and Lewis, W. M. (1988). Phytoplankton nutrient limitation in Colorado mountain lakes. Freshwater Biology 20, 315–327.
CrossRef |

Moss, B. (1998). ‘Ecology of Freshwaters. Man and Medium, Past to Future.’ (Blackwell: London.)

Renwick, W. H. (2009). Lake and Reservoirs of North America. In ‘Encyclopedia of Inland Waters’. (Ed. G. Likens.) pp. 524–532. (Academic Press: Oxford, UK.)

Rovira, J. L., and Pardo, P. (2006). Nutrient pollution of waters: eutrophication trends in European marine and coastal environments. Contributions in Science 3, 181–186.

Ryan, T. A., Joiner, B. L., and Ryan, B. F. (2004). Minitab™. In ‘Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences’. (Ed. S. Kotz., B.R. Campbell., N. Balakrishnan., B. Vidakovic.) (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ.)

Scanes, P., Coade, G., Doherty, M., and Hill, R. (2007). Evaluation of the utility of water quality based indicators of estuarine lagoon condition in NSW, Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 74, 306–319.
CrossRef |

Shapiro, S. S., and Wilk, M. B. (1965). An analysis of variance test for normality (complete samples). Biometrika 52, 591–611.

Smith, V. (2003). Eutrophication of freshwater and coastal marine ecosystems a global problem. Environmental Science and Pollution Research International 10, 126–139.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Smith, V. H., Tilman, G. D., and Nekola, J. C. (1999). Eutrophication: impacts of excess nutrient inputs on freshwater, marine, and terrestrial ecosystems. Environmental Pollution 100, 179–196.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Søballe, D. M., and Kimmel, B. L. (1987). A large-scale comparison of factors influencing phytoplankton abundance in rivers, lakes, and impoundments. Ecology 68, 1943–1954.
CrossRef |

Sturman, A. P., and Tapper, N. J. (2006) ‘The Weather and Climate of Australia and New Zealand.’ 2nd edn. (Oxford University Press: Melbourne.)

ter Braak, C. J. F., and Smilauer, P. (2002). ‘CANOCO Version 4.5.’ (Biometris–Plant Research International: Wageningen, The Netherlands.)

Timms, B. V. (1973). A limnological survey of the freshwater coastal lakes of east Gippsland, Victoria. Marine and Freshwater Research 24, 1–20.
CrossRef | CAS |

Timms, B. V. (1974). Aspects of the limnology of Lake Tali Karng, Victoria. Marine and Freshwater Research 25, 273–279.
CrossRef |

Timms, B. V. (1977). A study of some coastal dune lakes in western Victoria. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 89, 167–172.

Timms, B. V. (1982). Coastal dune waterbodies of north-eastern New South Wales. Marine and Freshwater Research 33, 203–222.
CrossRef | CAS |

Timms, B. V. (1992). ‘Lake Geomorphology.’ (Gleneagles: Adelaide.)

Townsend, S. A. (1999). The seasonal pattern of dissolved oxygen, and hypolimnetic deoxygenation, in two tropical Australian reservoirs. Lakes and Reservoirs: Research and Management 4, 41–53.
CrossRef |

Trabucco, A., and Zomer, R. J. (2009). ‘Global Aridity Index (Global-Aridity) and Global Potential Evapo-transpiration (Global-PET) Geospatial Database.’ (CGIAR Consortium for Spatial Information.) Available at http://www.csi.cgiar.org [accessed August, 2013]. (Washington, DC, USA)

Turney, C. S. M., Kershaw, A. P., Moss, P., Bird, M. I., Fifield, L. K., Cresswell, R. G., Santos, G. M., Di Tada, M. L., Hausladen, P. A., and Zhou, Y. (2001). Redating the onset of burning at Lynch’s Crater (north Queensland): implications for human settlement in Australia. Journal of Quaternary Science 16, 767–771.
CrossRef |

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (1997). ‘World Atlas of Desertification.’ 2nd Edition (Routledge : London.)

Vanhoutte, K., Verleyen, E., Kilroy, C., Sabbe, K., Dasseville, R., and Vyverman, W. (2006). Catchment characteristics and chemical limnology of small lakes, tarns and mire pools in New Zealand (South Island) and Tasmania. Marine and Freshwater Research 57, 83–93.
CrossRef | CAS |

White, E., Law, K., Payne, G., and Pickmere, S. (1985). Nutrient demand and availability among planktonic communities – an attempt to assess nutrient limitation to plant growth in 12 central volcanic plateau lakes. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 19, 49–62.
CrossRef | CAS |

Williams, W. D., Walker, K. F., and Brand, G. W. (1970). Chemical composition of some inland surface waters and lake deposits of New South Wales, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research 21, 103–116.
CrossRef | CAS |

Zar, J. H. (1999). ‘Biostatistical Analysis.’ (Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River, NJ.)

Subscriber Login

Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help


© CSIRO 1996-2016