CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Emu   
Emu
http://www.birdlife.org.au
  A Journal of BirdLife Australia
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Contacts
Content
Online Early
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Rowley Reviews
Virtual Issues
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Scope
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Awards and Prizes
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

red arrow Complete Archive
blank image
With the complete digital archive of Emu now online, we have selected some of the most interesting and significant papers for readers to access freely.

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with BirdLife
blank image
facebook TwitterIcon LinkedIn

red arrow Connect with CP
blank image
facebook twitter LinkedIn

 

Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 87(3)

Hybrid Zones in Australian Birds

J Ford

Emu 87(3) 158 - 178
Published: 1987

Abstract

Geographic patterns in positions of 79-87 avian hybrid zones and 12 parapatric contacts in Australia are analysed in the context of past climates, palaeo-refugia, mechanisms of origin, and temporal stability. No hybrid zone occurs in rain-forest species and differentiated vicariant forms of these are generally separated by unsuitable tracts of sclerophyll forest or savanna woodland. Most hybrid zones occur in semi-arid and sub-humid species. The zones appear to have originated by secondary contact of differentiated vicars rather than by parapatric divergence, because most lie between refugia postulated on the basis of late Pleistocene climates; their widths are generally in accord with those predicted from dispersion rates. The evidence suggests that most, if not all, hybrid zones were formed when expansion of isolates from refugia became possible following the marked improvement in climate at the close of the severe arid phase of about 17 000 y before present. The persistence of hybnd zones since then and their widths offer no support for the concept of reinforcement of previously acquired differences in recognition (signalling) systems. Where a hybrid zone coincides closely with the boundary of a presumed refuge, a semi-arid form has differentially expanded towards its subhumid counterpart.



Full text doi:10.1071/MU9870158

© Royal Australian Ornithologists Union 1987

blank image
 
 PDF (1.9 MB)
 Export Citation
 Print
  
    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2015