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Article     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 13(5)

Purification and Properties of Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase from C4 Plants

JN Burnell

Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 13(5) 577 - 587
Published: 1986

Abstract

Phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) carboxykinase (EC 4.1.1.49) from the leaves of Urochloa panicoides, Chloris gayana and Panicum maximum has been purified to homogeneity and its properties determined. The enzyme from all three PEP carboxykinase-type C4 plants have similar physical and kinetic properties. The native enzyme has a molecular weight of 380 000 and its monomeric molecular weight is about 64 000, suggesting the enzyme is hexameric. It is active over a wide pH range and has a pH optimum between 7.4 and 8.2, has a wide nucleotide specificity, has an absolute requirement for Mn2+ and is stimulated by C-. The enzyme is inhibited by 3-phosphoglyceric acid, fructose 6-phosphate and fructose 1,6-bisphosphate; the mechanism of inhibition is discussed. The purified PEP carboxykinase is unable to catalyse the conversion of oxaloacetate to pyruvate, nor does it possess pyruvate kinase activity. These findings are discussed in relation to the C4 photosynthetic pathway operating in PEP carboxykinase-type C4 plants.



Full text doi:10.1071/PP9860577

© CSIRO 1986

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