CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Reproduction, Fertility and Development   
Reproduction, Fertility and Development
Journal Banner
  Vertebrate Reproductive Science & Technology
 
blank image Search
 
blank image blank image
blank image
 
  Advanced Search
   

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
Contacts
Content
All Issues
Special Issues
Research Fronts
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Scope
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Open Access
Awards and Prizes
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our email Early Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter LinkedIn

red arrow Connect with SRB
blank image
facebook TwitterIcon

Affiliated Societies

RFD is the official journal of the International Embryo Transfer Society and the Society for Reproductive Biology.


 

Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 12(8)

Cardiovascular and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis development in late gestation fetal sheep and young lambs following modest maternal nutrient restriction in early gestation

P. Hawkins, C. Steyn, H. H. G. McGarrigle, N. A. Calder, T. Saito, L. L. Stratford, D. E. Noakes and M. A. Hanson

Reproduction, Fertility and Development 12(8) 443 - 464
Published: 2000

Abstract

The effect of a 15% reduction in maternal nutrition for the first 70 days of gestation on cardiovascular and hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis responses to administration of corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) + arginine vasopressin (AVP) was studied at 128 0.7 days gestation in fetal sheep and postnatally, at 85 4.5 days in young lambs. The effect on the fetal cardiovascular response to acute hypoxaemia was also examined. Under basal conditions, fetal heart rate (FHR) was reduced (P<0.05) and basal femoral artery vascular resistance (FVR) was increased (P<0.05) in fetuses of dietary-restricted (R) ewes compared with controls (C). Fetal mean arterial pressure (MAP) was similar in both groups. Femoral artery vascular resistance was also greater during hypoxaemia in R fetuses compared with C fetuses (P<0.05), suggesting that chemoreflex mechanisms were augmented in the R group. The fetal ACTH response to CRH + AVP was similar in both groups. However, cortisol responses to CRH + AVP were smaller in R fetuses compared with C fetuses (P<0.05). Postnatally, basal MAP (P<0.05), and ACTH (P<0.01) and cortisol (P<0.001) responses were greater in R lambs compared with C lambs. It was concluded that modest maternal undernutrition during pregnancy alters development of the cardiovascular system, producing elevated blood pressure in postnatal life. Development of the HPA axis is also altered, with reduced activity during fetal life, but increased activity postnatally. The data suggest that the HPA axis may play a role in mediating the elevation of MAP in R lambs.

Keywords: blood pressure, nutrition.



Full text doi:10.1071/RD99071

© CSIRO 2000

blank image
Subscriber Login
Username:
Password:  

 
PDF (200 KB) $25
 Export Citation
 Print
  
    
Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help

CSIRO

© CSIRO 1996-2015