Background: Sex and death have traditionally been linked in Huli culture in the Southern Highlands in Papua New Guinea. Huli regarded that close contact with women could result in men becoming sick or dying. However, there has been rapid social and economic development in the area and Huli traditions are changing. At the same time, HIV prevalence is rising. Methods: Twenty-five semistructured in-depth interviews were carried out with key informants during a study on HIV risk in the Southern Highlands. Interviews were conducted mostly in Tok Pisin. Interviews were transcribed and the data were analysed though thematic coding. Results: Huli people use ‘eating coffee candy’ as a metaphor for engaging in sex at funerals. This is very new and against traditional values, where women attended funerals and men only built the coffins and buried the body. Nowadays, sex occurs at funerals. This change has disturbed older people because it has not only changed the customary meaning of the funeral space, but it has also encouraged the spread of HIV. Huli use the fatalistic expression ‘Eat coffee candy and die,’ to refer to funerals as a space of HIV risk. Conclusion: Huli community and church leaders, and health workers are attempting to deal with the situation by not allowing men to stay at the funeral site overnight, burying the dead on the same day they die and using customary village law to charge men caught having sex at a funeral. However, traditional beliefs and rapid social change in the context of an HIV epidemic need to be taken into account.
AIDS, culture, HIV, Papua New Guinea, traditional beliefs.
National Department of Health, PNG (2010). Papua New Guinea HIV prevalence: 2009 estimates. Waigani: NDOH and PNGNACS.
Frankel S, Smith D.
Conjugal bereavement amongst the Huli people of Papua New Guinea. Br J Psychiatry 1982; 141: 302–5. | CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |
Hughes, J. (1991). Impurity and danger: the need for new barriers and bridges in the prevention of sexually-transmitted disease in the Tari Basin, Papua New Guinea. Health Transition Review 1(2), 131–140.
Clark J, Hughes J. (1995). A history of sexuality and gender in Tari. In A. Biersack (Ed.) Papuan borderlands. Huli, Duna, and Ipili perspectives on the Papua New Guinea Highlands (pp. 315–340). Anne Arbor: University of Michigan Press.