CSIRO Publishing blank image blank image blank image blank imageBooksblank image blank image blank image blank imageJournalsblank image blank image blank image blank imageAbout Usblank image blank image blank image blank imageShopping Cartblank image blank image blank image You are here: Journals > Soil Research   
Soil Research
Journal Banner
  Soil, Land Care & Environmental Research
blank image Search
blank image blank image
blank image
  Advanced Search

Journal Home
About the Journal
Editorial Structure
For Advertisers
Current Issue
Just Accepted
All Issues
Special Issues
Sample Issue
For Authors
General Information
Submit Article
Author Instructions
Open Access
For Referees
Referee Guidelines
Review an Article
Annual Referee Index
For Subscribers
Subscription Prices
Customer Service
Print Publication Dates
Library Recommendation

blue arrow e-Alerts
blank image
Subscribe to our Email Alert or RSS feeds for the latest journal papers.

red arrow Connect with us
blank image
facebook twitter logo LinkedIn

Now Online

Land Resources Surveys


Article << Previous     |     Next >>   Contents Vol 52(1)

Relationships of phosphorus fractions to organic carbon content in surface soils in mature subtropical forests, Dinghushan, China

Enqing Hou A B, Chengrong Chen B C, Dazhi Wen A C and Xian Liu B

A Key Laboratory of Vegetation Restoration and Management of Degraded Ecosystems, South China Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510650, China.
B Environmental Futures Centre, Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia.
C Corresponding authors. Email: c.chen@griffith.edu.au (CC); dzwen@scbg.ac.cn (DW)

Soil Research 52(1) 55-63 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/SR13204
Submitted: 10 July 2013  Accepted: 28 September 2013   Published: 5 February 2014

 Full Text
 PDF (507 KB)
 Export Citation

Exploring the relationship between the accumulation of soil organic carbon (C) and the form and availability of soil phosphorus (P) is important for improved understanding of soil P availability and its regulation of C storage in forest ecosystems. Here, we investigated the relationships among soil organic C, sequentially extracted P fractions and P sorption index in 32 surface soils (0–0.15 m depth) across eight mature subtropical forests (80–400 years) in Dinghushan, China. Results showed that soil organic P (Po) accounted for 40–63% (mean 54%) of soil total P. Soil organic C was significantly positively correlated with both the content and the percentage of soluble inorganic P (Pi), Al-Po and Fe-Po fractions and the content of the Al-Pi fraction. The content of soil total Po increased significantly with soil organic C, whereas the percentage of soil total Po tended to increase with soil organic C only when soil organic C was low (<30 Mg/ha) but was relatively stable when soil organic C was high (≥30 Mg/ha). Moreover, soil organic C was highly correlated with P sorption index. Our results suggest that accumulation of organic C may increase, rather than decrease, the availability of P in surface soil in mature subtropical forests.

Additional keywords: organic carbon, organic phosphorus, phosphorus sorption index, soil phosphorus fractionation, subtropical forest.


Aerts R, Chapin FS (1999) The mineral nutrition of wild plants revisited: A re-evaluation of processes and patterns. Advances in Ecological Research 30, 1–67.
CrossRef |

Allison SD, Vitousek PM (2005) Responses of extracellular enzymes to simple and complex nutrient inputs. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 37, 937–944.
CrossRef | CAS |

Allison VJ, Condron LM, Peltzer DA, Richardson SJ, Turner BL (2007) Changes in enzyme activities and soil microbial community composition along carbon and nutrient gradients at the Franz Josef chronosequence, New Zealand. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 39, 1770–1781.
CrossRef | CAS |

Brandtberg PO, Davis MR, Clinton PW, Condron LM, Allen RB (2010) Forms of soil phosphorus affected by stand development of mountain beech (Nothofagus) forests in New Zealand. Geoderma 157, 228–234.
CrossRef | CAS |

Chang SC, Jackson ML (1957) Fractionation of soil phosphorus. Soil Science 84, 133–144.
CrossRef | CAS |

Chen C, Condron L, Davis M, Sherlock R (2002) Phosphorus dynamics in the rhizosphere of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and radiata pine (Pinus radiata D. Don.). Soil Biology & Biochemistry 34, 487–499.
CrossRef | CAS |

Chen CR, Sinaj S, Condron LM, Frossard E, Sherlock RR, Davis MR (2003) Characterization of phosphorus availability in selected New Zealand grassland soils. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 65, 89–100.
CrossRef | CAS |

De Schrijver A, Vesterdal L, Hansen K, De Frenne P, Augusto L, Achat DL, Staelens J, Baeten L, De Keersmaeker L, De Neve S, Verheyen K (2012) Four decades of post-agricultural forest development have caused major redistributions of soil phosphorus fractions. Oecologia 169, 221–234.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Dieter D, Elsenbeer H, Turner BL (2010) Phosphorus fractionation in lowland tropical rainforest soils in central Panama. Catena 82, 118–125.
CrossRef | CAS |

Elser JJ, Bracken MES, Cleland EE, Gruner DS, Harpole WS, Hillebrand H, Ngai JT, Seabloom EW, Shurin JB, Smith JE (2007) Global analysis of nitrogen and phosphorus limitation of primary producers in freshwater, marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology Letters 10, 1135–1142.
CrossRef | PubMed |

FAO-UNESCO (1974) ‘FAO-UNESCO Soil map of the world. Vol. 1. Legend.’ (UNESCO: Paris)

Frizano J, Johnson AH, Vann DR, Scatena FN (2002) Soil phosphorus fractionation during forest development on landslide scars in the Luquillo Mountains, Puerto Rico. Biotropica 34, 17–26.

Gleixner G, Tefs C, Jordan A, Hammer M, Wirth C, Nueske A, Telz A, Schmidt UE, Glatzel S (2009) Soil carbon accumulation in old-growth forests. In ‘Old-growth forests’. Vol. 207. (Eds C Wirth, G Gleixner, M Heimann) pp. 231–266. (Springer: Berlin-Heidelberg)

Hamer U, Potthast K, Burneo JI, Makeschin F (2013) Nutrient stocks and phosphorus fractions in mountain soils of Southern Ecuador after conversion of forest to pasture. Biogeochemistry 112, 495–510.
CrossRef | CAS |

Hedley MJ, Stewart JWB, Chauhan BS (1982) Changes in inorganic and organic soil phosphorus fractions induced by cultivation practices and by laboratory incubations. Soil Science Society of America Journal 46, 970–976.
CrossRef | CAS |

Hou E, Chen C, McGroddy ME, Wen D (2012) Nutrient limitation on ecosystem productivity and processes of mature and old-growth subtropical forests in China. PLoS ONE 7, e52071
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Huang WJ, Zhou GY, Liu JX (2012) Nitrogen and phosphorus status and their influence on aboveground production under increasing nitrogen deposition in three successional forests. Acta Oecologica 44, 20–27.
CrossRef |

Huang W, Liu J, Wang YP, Zhou G, Han T, Li Y (2013) Increasing phosphorus limitation along three successional forests in southern China. Plant and Soil 364, 181–191.
CrossRef | CAS |

Imai N, Kitayama K, Titin J (2010) Distribution of phosphorus in an above-to-below-ground profile in a Bornean tropical rain forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 26, 627–636.
CrossRef |

Jobbágy E, Jackson R (2001) The distribution of soil nutrients with depth: Global patterns and the imprint of plants. Biogeochemistry 53, 51–77.
CrossRef |

Jobbágy EG, Jackson RB (2004) The uplift of soil nutrients by plants: Biogeochemical consequences across scales. Ecology 85, 2380–2389.
CrossRef |

Johnson AH, Frizano J, Vann DR (2003) Biogeochemical implications of labile phosphorus in forest soils determined by the Hedley fractionation procedure. Oecologia 135, 487–499.

Kang J, Hesterberg D, Osmond DL (2009) Soil organic matter effects on phosphorus sorption: A path analysis. Soil Science Society of America Journal 73, 360–366.
CrossRef | CAS |

Kirkby CA, Kirkegaard JA, Richardson AE, Wade LJ, Blanchard C, Batten G (2011) Stable soil organic matter: A comparison of C:N:P:S ratios in Australian and other world soils. Geoderma 163, 197–208.
CrossRef | CAS |

Kovar JL, Pierzynski GM (2009) ‘Methods of phosphorus analysis for soils, sediments, residuals, and waters.’ Southern Cooperative Series Bulletin No. 408. (Virginia Technical University: Blacksburg, VA)

Liu KH, Fang YT, Yu FM, Liu QA, Li FR, Peng SL (2010a) Soil acidification in response to acid deposition in three subtropical forests of subtropical China. Pedosphere 20, 399–408.
CrossRef | CAS |

Liu XZ, Zhou GY, Zhang DQ, Liu SZ, Chu GW, Yan JH (2010b) N and P stoichiometry of plant and soil in lower subtropical forest successional series in southern China. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology [in Chinese] 34, 64–71.

Liu L, Gundersen P, Zhang T, Mo JM (2012) Effects of phosphorus addition on soil microbial biomass and community composition in three forest types in tropical China. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 44, 31–38.
CrossRef |

McDowell RW, Condron LM (2000) Chemical nature and potential mobility of phosphorus in fertilized grassland soils. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 57, 225–233.
CrossRef |

Mo JM, Brown S, Lenart M, Kong GH (1995) Nutrient dynamics of a human impacted pine forest in a MAB reserve of subtropical China. Biotropica 27, 290–304.
CrossRef |

Mo JM, Zhang W, Zhu WX, Gundersen PER, Fang YT, Li DJ, Wang H (2008) Nitrogen addition reduces soil respiration in a mature tropical forest in southern China. Global Change Biology 14, 403–412.
CrossRef |

Murphy J, Riley JP (1962) A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters. Analytica Chimica Acta 27, 31–36.
CrossRef | CAS |

Ohno T, Zibilske LM (1991) Determination of low concentrations of phosphorus in soil extracts using malachite green. Soil Science Society of America Journal 55, 892–895.
CrossRef | CAS |

Ormaza-González FI, Statham PJ (1996) A comparison of methods for the determination of dissolved and particulate phosphorus in natural waters. Water Research 30, 2739–2747.
CrossRef |

Schlesinger WH, Bruijnzeel LA, Bush MB, Klein EM, Mace KA, Raikes JA, Whittaker RJ (1998) The biogeochemistry of phosphorus after the first century of soil development on Rakata Island, Krakatau, Indonesia. Biogeochemistry 40, 37–55.
CrossRef | CAS |

Shen CD, Yi WX, Sun YM, Xing CP, Yang Y, Yuan C, Li ZA, Peng SL, An ZS, Liu TS (2001) Distribution of 14C and 13C in forest soils of the Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve. Radiocarbon 43, 671–678.

Sinsabaugh R, Moorhead D (1994) Resource allocation to extracellular enzyme production: a model for nitrogen and phosphorus control of litter decomposition. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 26, 1305–1311.
CrossRef |

Sinsabaugh RL, Lauber CL, Weintraub MN, Ahmed B, Allison SD, Crenshaw CC, Alexandra R, Cusack D, Frey S, Gallo ME, Gartner TB, Hobbie SE, Holland K, Keeler BL, Powers JS, Stursova M, Takacs-Vesbach C, Waldrop MP, Wallenstein MD, Zak DR, Zeglin LH (2008) Stoichiometry of soil enzyme activity at global scale. Ecology Letters 11, 1252–1264.

Smil V (2000) Phosphorus in the environment: Natural flows and human interferences. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 25, 53–88.
CrossRef |

Tabatabai M, Dick W, Burns R, Dick R (2002) Enzymes in soil: research and developments in measuring activities. In ‘Enzymes in the environment: activity, ecology, and applications’. (Eds RG Burns, RP Dick) pp. 567–596. (CRC Press: New York)

Tiessen H, Cuevas E, Chacon P (1994) The role of soil organic matter in sustaining soil fertility. Nature 371, 783–785.
CrossRef | CAS |

Wang GP, Liu JS, Wang JD, Yu JB (2006) Soil phosphorus forms and their variations in depressional and riparian freshwater wetlands (Sanjiang Plain, Northeast China). Geoderma 132, 59–74.
CrossRef | CAS |

Wang YP, Law RM, Pak B (2010) A global model of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus cycles for the terrestrial biosphere. Biogeosciences 7, 2261–2282.
CrossRef | CAS |

Wu J, He ZL, Wei WX, O’Donnell A, Syers J (2000) Quantifying microbial biomass phosphorus in acid soils. Biology and Fertility of Soils 32, 500–507.
CrossRef | CAS |

Yang X, Post WM (2011) Phosphorus transformations as a function of pedogenesis: A synthesis of soil phosphorus data using Hedley fractionation method. Biogeosciences 8, 2907–2916.
CrossRef | CAS |

Zhao T, Ouyang Z, Zheng H, Wang X, Miao H (2004) Forest ecosystem services and their valuation in China. Journal of Natural Resources [in Chinese] 19, 480–491.

Zhou G, Liu S, Li Z, Zhang D, Tang X, Zhou C, Yan J, Mo J (2006) Old-growth forests can accumulate carbon in soils. Science 314, 1417
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Legal & Privacy | Contact Us | Help


© CSIRO 1996-2016