Expanding the contribution of dairy goats in efficient and sustainable production systemsJ. B. Liang A C and C. Devendra B
A Laboratory of Animal Production, Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia.
B Consulting Tropical Animal Production Systems Specialist, 130A Jalan Awan Jawa, 58200 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
C Corresponding author. Email: email@example.com
Animal Production Science 54(9) 1198-1203 https://doi.org/10.1071/AN14445
Submitted: 27 March 2014 Accepted: 7 June 2014 Published: 23 July 2014
Goats contribute significantly to human nutrition, food security and income of resource-poor small farmers in Asia, Africa and beyond. Because of the high content of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids in goat milk, it is beneficial for human health resulting in it being sold at premium prices of three to nine times the price of cow milk in countries like China, Malaysia, Indonesia and Thailand. Goats play a significant role in farming systems that directly impact on the capacity of rural farmers striving for the objective of sustainable food production systems. Increasing sustainable food production, particularly of animal proteins, presents major challenges to these small farms in the face of massive demands that are driven by rapid growth of human populations and increased availability of disposable income. In the last two decades, expanding market demand for goat milk has resulted in the establishment of commercial dairy goat farms in several newly developed South-east Asian countries. Major challenges to expanding production exist, and include ways to utilise the well-adapted features inherent in goats and their potential production to benefit the small and commercial farmers alike. Increasing the knowledge base is a priority to stimulate improved production systems and, increased the income of dairy goat farmers and other people involved in the industry. The recent establishment of the Asian-Australasian Dairy Goat Network supported jointly by FAO and Universiti Putra Malaysia, and national programs of participating countries, are committed to address these objectives and facilitate much-needed improvements to sustain dairy goat production systems in Asia and beyond.
Additional keywords: dairy goats, research and development, sustainable milk production.
ReferencesAstuti DA (2014) Country Report Indonesia, Asian-Australasian Dairy Goat Network. Available at http://aadgn.upm.edu.my/aadgn/ [Verified 19 June 2014]
Devendra C (1996) Overview of integrated, animals-crops-fish production systems: achievements and future potential. In ‘Proceedings of a symposium on integrated systems of animal production in the Asian region, (Eds H Hayakawa, M Sasaki, K Kimura) Chiba, Japan’. pp. 9–22. (FAO: Rome)
Devendra C (2007) ‘Goats: biology, production and development in Asia.’ (Academy of Sciences Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur) 246 pp.
Devendra C (2010) ‘Small farms in Asia: revitalising agricultural production, food security and rural prosperity.’ (Academy of Sciences Malaysia: Kuala Lumpur) 175 pp.
Devendra C (2012a) Rainfed areas and animal agriculture in Asia. The wanting agenda for transforming productivity growth and rural poverty. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 25, 122–142.
| Rainfed areas and animal agriculture in Asia. The wanting agenda for transforming productivity growth and rural poverty.CrossRef |
Devendra C (2012b) Dairy goats in Asia: multifunctional relevance and contribution to food and nutrition security. In ‘Proceedings of first Asia dairy goat conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia’. (Eds A Raseedee, M Ali Rajion, JB Liang, A Ariff Omar, AR Alimon, AK Haw) pp. 1–6. (Universiti Putra Malaysia: Serdang, Malaysia)
Devendra C (2012c) Agricultural education and technological change for sustaining productivity enhancement and prosperity in Asia. In ‘Agricultural education and training in Africa’. (Eds F Swanapoel, A Strobel) (University of the Free State: Bloemfontein, South Africa) in press.
Devendra C (2014a) Gender equity in sustainable animal-agriculture: enhancing empowerment and the contribution of women for improved livelihoods, stable households and rural growth. In ‘Proceedings of the second Asia dairy goat conference, 25–27 April 2014, Bogor, Indonesia’. (Eds KG Wiryawan, JB Liang, C Devendra, J Takahashi, ER Orskov, DW Astuti) pp. 21–30. (Bogor Agricultural University: Bogor, Indonesia)
Devendra C (2014b) The search for efficiency in the management of natural resources. Outlook on Agriculture 43, 1–12.
Devendra C, Burns M (1983) ‘Goat production in the Tropics.’ Revised edn. Technical Communication Bureaux of Animal Breeding and Genetics. (Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux: Willingford, UK)
Devendra C, Haenlein GFW (2011) Animals that produce dairy foods. Goat breeds. In ‘Encyclopaedia of dairy sciences. Vol. 1’. 2nd edn. (Eds JW Fuquay, PF Fox, PLH McSweeney) pp. 310–324. (Academic Press: San Diego, CA)
Devendra C, Liang JB (2012) Conference summary of dairy goats in Asia: current status, multifunctional contribution to food security and potential improvements. Small Ruminant Research 108, 1–11.
| Conference summary of dairy goats in Asia: current status, multifunctional contribution to food security and potential improvements.CrossRef |
Milk (2014) ‘Milk.’ Available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milk [Verified 23 June 2014]
Nagayets O (2005) Small farms: current status and key trends. In ‘The future of small farms’. pp. 355–356. (International Food Policy Research Institute: Washington, DC)
Nakavisut S, Anothaisinthawee S (2014) Country Report Thailand, Asian-Australasian Dairy Goat Network. Available at http://aadgn.upm.edu.my/aadgn/ [Verified 23 June 2014]
Otte J, Costales A, Dijkman J, Pica-Ciamarra U, Robinson T, Ahuja V, Ly C, Roland-Holst (2012) Pro-poor livestock policy initiative. Livestock sector development for poverty reduction: economic and policy perspective. Livestock many virtues (FAO: Rome)
Park YW (2012) Goat milk and human nutrition. In ‘Proceedings of first Asia dairy goat conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia’. (Eds A Raseedee, M Ali Rajion, JB Liang, A Ariff Omar, AR Alimon, AK Haw) pp. 32–39. (Universiti Putra Malaysia: Serdang, Malaysia)
Selvaggi M, Laudadio V, Dario C, Tufarelli V (2014) Major proteins in goat milk: an updated overview on genetic variability. Molecular Biology Reports 41, 1035–1048.
| Major proteins in goat milk: an updated overview on genetic variability.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXhslSrsw%3D%3D&md5=efcf9b76baf40f6468ed48202a5eededCAS | 24381104PubMed |
Sithambaram S, Quaza NHN (2014) Country Report Thailand, Asian-Australasian Dairy Goat Network. Available at http://aadgn.upm.edu.my/aadgn/ [Verified 23 June 2014]
World Bank (2003) ‘Reaching the poor. A renewal strategy for rural development. (Mimeograph). (World Bank: Washington, DC)
Yogendran N (2014) Housing advances in dairy goat farming for smallholders in the tropics. In ‘Proceedings of the second Asian-Australasian dairy goat conference’, 25–27 April 2014, Bogor, Indonesia. (Eds KG Wiryawan, JB Liang, C Devendra, J Takahashi, ER Orskov, DW Astuti) pp. 69–71. (Bogor Agriculture University: Bogor, Indonesia)