Animal Production Science Animal Production Science Society
Food, fibre and pharmaceuticals from animals
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Enteric methane emissions, intake, and performance of young Nellore bulls fed different sources of forage in concentrate-rich diets containing crude glycerine

A. F. Ribeiro A , J. D. Messana A C , A. José Neto A , J. F. Lage A , G. Fiorentini A , B. R. Vieira A and T. T. Berchielli A B
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A UNESP – Univ. Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Departamento de Zootecnia, Jaboticabal, São Paulo, Brazil. Via de Acesso Prof. Paulo Donato Castellane – s/n – 14884–900 – Jaboticabal, SP – Brazil.

B Researcher Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico, Brasília, DF, 71605001, Brazil and Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia – Ciencia Animal, Vicosa, MG, 36570000, Brazil.

C Corresponding author. Email: duarte_juliana@hotmail.com

Animal Production Science - https://doi.org/10.1071/AN15645
Submitted: 12 June 2015  Accepted: 10 September 2016   Published online: 7 November 2016

Abstract

Forty young Nellore bulls were used to determine the effects of different sources of forage in concentrate-rich diets containing crude glycerine on feed intake, performance, and enteric methane emissions. Ten animals (397 ± 34 kg and 20 ± 2 months of age) were slaughtered to estimate the initial carcass weights, and the remaining 30 animals (417 ± 24.7) were randomly assigned to three treatments with 10 replicates. The treatments consisted of three different sources of forage [NDF from forage (fNDF) was fixed 15% of dry matter]; corn silage, sugarcane, and sugarcane bagasse; in diets rich in concentrates with 10% dry matter crude glycerine. There were no differences in the intake of dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, neutral detergent fibre, gross energy, or metabolisable energy. No effects of the type of forage were observed on performance or enteric methane emissions. These results suggest that alternatives to corn silage that have high fibre content, such as sugarcane and sugarcane bagasse, do not significantly affect the intake, performance, or enteric methane emissions of young Nellore bulls.

Additional keywords: cattle, feedlot, greenhouse gases, silage, sugarcane, sugarcane bagasse.


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