Animal Production Science Animal Production Science Society
Food, fibre and pharmaceuticals from animals
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Associative effects between Arachis pintoi and dwarf elephantgrass hays on nutritional value in sheep

A. C. Dall-Orsoletta A , T. Reiter A , G. V. Kozloski B , V. Niderkorn C and H. M. N. Ribeiro-Filho A D
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Avenue Luiz de Camões, 2090, Lages, SC 88520-000, Brazil.

B Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Avenue Roraima, 1000, Santa Maria, RS 97105-900, Brazil.

C INRA, UMR1213 Herbivores, 63122 Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France.

D Corresponding author. Email: henrique.ribeiro@udesc.br

Animal Production Science - https://doi.org/10.1071/AN15864
Submitted: 15 December 2015  Accepted: 4 November 2016   Published online: 18 January 2017

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of including different levels of peanut (Arachis pintoi cv. Amarillo) hay (167 and 572 g/kg dry matter (DM) of crude protein and neutral detergent fibre respectively) on the nutritional value of diets based on dwarf elephantgrass (Pennisetum purpureum Shum, cv. Kurumi) hay (98 and 668 g/kg DM of crude protein and neutral detergent fibre respectively). Peanut hay was included in the proportions of 0.0, 0.33, 0.66 and 1.00 of total diet DM. Eight Texel × Suffolk crossbred wethers provided with duodenal cannula were assigned to the treatments in a replicated 4 × 4 Latin-square experiment. The organic matter (OM) intake increased linearly (P < 0.05) and the total apparent OM digestibility decreased linearly (P < 0.001) with an increasing inclusion of legume. The nitrogen (N) intake and N urinary excretion increased linearly (P < 0.05), whereas linear and quadratic responses were significant for digestible OM intake, N retention, and for the efficiency of rumen microbial protein synthesis. Cubic positive responses were significant (P < 0.05) for duodenal flow of total N, non-ammonia-N and rumen microbial-N. The inclusion of A. pintoi in dwarf elephantgrass-based diets improved the nutrient supply to sheep, but no additive effect was observed as a result of increasing the peanut proportion in the mixed diet.

Additional keywords: digestibility, legume, N retention, Pennisetum purpureum, voluntary intake.


References

AOAC (1942) ‘Official methods of analysis of AOAC International.’ (Association of Official Analytical Chemists: Washington, DC)

AOAC (1997) ‘Official methods of analysis of AOAC International.’ (Association of Official Analytical Chemists: Arlington, VA)

Argyle JL, Baldwin RL (1989) Effects of amino acids and peptides on rumen microbial growth yields. Journal of Dairy Science 72, 2017–2027.
Effects of amino acids and peptides on rumen microbial growth yields.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaL1MXlvFWht7g%3D&md5=34d9e908d3b48b699bff6d851dd71067CAS |

Beever DE, Thorp C (1996) Advances in the understanding of factors influencing the nutritive value of legumes. In ‘Legumes in sustainable farming systems occasional symposium no. 30’, British Grassland Society. (Ed. D Younie) pp. 194–207. (Ferguson Building: Craibstone)

Beever DE, Dhanoa MS, Losada HR, Evans RT, Cammell SB, France J (1986) The effect of forage and stage of harvest on the processes of digestion occuring in the rumen of cattle. British Journal of Nutrition 56, 439–454.
The effect of forage and stage of harvest on the processes of digestion occuring in the rumen of cattle.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DyaL1c%2FltVOmtA%3D%3D&md5=5ae97ab29fd68b9338e95e16ceadb4d0CAS |

Broderick GA, Reynal SM (2009) Effect of source of rumen-degraded protein on production and ruminal metabolism in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 92, 2822–2834.
Effect of source of rumen-degraded protein on production and ruminal metabolism in lactating dairy cows.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1MXmsFems7c%3D&md5=a157e5276870f13634e90d87e28185c2CAS |

Charmley E, Veira DM (1990) Inhibition of proteolysis in alfalfa silages using heat at harvest: effects on digestion in the rumen, voluntary intake and animal performance. Journal of Animal Science 68, 2042–2051.
Inhibition of proteolysis in alfalfa silages using heat at harvest: effects on digestion in the rumen, voluntary intake and animal performance.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DyaK3czks1Oitw%3D%3D&md5=bdcd40ca2acb70733255a564c11817faCAS |

Chen XB, Gomes MJ (1995) ‘Estimation of microbial protein supply to sheep and cattle based on urinary excretion of purine derivatives: an overview of the technical details.’ (Bucksburn: Aberdeen, UK)

Clark JH, Klusmeyer TH, Cameron MR (1992) Microbial protein synthesis and flows of nitrogen fractions to the duodenum of dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 75, 2304–2323.
Microbial protein synthesis and flows of nitrogen fractions to the duodenum of dairy cows.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DyaK3s%2FhslamtQ%3D%3D&md5=e49b8c0683def8fe8d6088fcfc9e65a8CAS |

Copani G, Ginane C, Le Morvan A, Niderkorn V (2014) Bioactive forage legumes as a strategy to improve silage quality and minimise nitrogenous losses. Animal Production Science 54, 1826–1829.
Bioactive forage legumes as a strategy to improve silage quality and minimise nitrogenous losses.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXhsVWjtrfF&md5=a40ce2effb4332c82504123aa311f0b4CAS |

Cruickshank GJ, Poppi DP, Sykes AR (1992) The intake, digestion and protein degradation of grazed herbage by early-weaned lambs. British Journal of Nutrition 68, 349–364.
The intake, digestion and protein degradation of grazed herbage by early-weaned lambs.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DyaK3s%2FnsFKltg%3D%3D&md5=757094548923fb89ad85628ff94d9b4bCAS |

De-Liz DM, Ribeiro-Filho HMN, De-Andrade EA, De Nardi CZ, Miguel MF, Almeida EX (2014) Herbage intake and animal performance of cattle grazing dwarf elephant grass with two access times to a forage peanut area. Ciência e Agrotecnologia 38, 607–614.

FAO (1991) The digitized soil map of the world. Report 67 (release 1.0). (World Soil Resources: Rome)

Fernandes MG, Possenti AR, De-Mattos WT, Schammass EA, Junior EF (2013) In situ degradability and selected ruminal constituents of sheep fed with peanut forage hay. Archives of Animal Nutrition 67, 393–405.
In situ degradability and selected ruminal constituents of sheep fed with peanut forage hay.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXhsVCisLzK&md5=da5e71e0d08ad9f45d4e0c8e5b9c08beCAS |

Foster JL, Adesogan T, Carter JN, Blount R, Myer RO, Phatak SC (2009) Intake, digestibility, and nitrogen retention by sheep supplemented with warm-season legume haylages or soybean meal. Journal of Animal Science 87, 2899–2905.
Intake, digestibility, and nitrogen retention by sheep supplemented with warm-season legume haylages or soybean meal.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1MXhtFSqu7bF&md5=03d2c5676d28f09f222bfd0774bed3abCAS |

Foster JL, Carter JN, Sollenberger LE, Blount R, Myer RO, Maddox MK, Phatak SC, Adesogan T (2011) Nutritive value, fermentation characteristics, and in situ disappearance kinetics of ensiled warm-season legumes and bahiagrass. Journal of Dairy Science 94, 2042–2050.
Nutritive value, fermentation characteristics, and in situ disappearance kinetics of ensiled warm-season legumes and bahiagrass.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3MXnvFChurg%3D&md5=13c21c4dc9ac734d894f22c589e44ab7CAS |

González MS, Van Heurck LM, Romero F, Pezo DA, Argel PJ (1996) Producción de leche en pasturas de estrella africana (Cynodon nlemfuensis) solo y asociado con Arachis pintoi o Desmodium ovalifolium. Pasturas Tropicales. 18, 2–12.

Harris SL, Clark DA, Auldist MJ, Waugh CD, Laboyrie PG (1997) Optimum white clover content for dairy pastures. Proceedings of the New Zealand Grassland Association 59, 29–33.

Jung HG, Allen MS (1995) Characteristics of plant cell walls affecting intake and digestibility of forages by ruminants. Journal of Animal Science 73, 2774–2790.
Characteristics of plant cell walls affecting intake and digestibility of forages by ruminants.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK2MXotFajsr4%3D&md5=01cd0fc0d3068e1cd4d07da3bf5a924eCAS |

Khan MT, Khan NA, Bezabih M, Qureshi MS, Rahman A (2013) The nutritional value of peanut hay (Arachis hypogaea L.) as an alternate forage source for sheep. Tropical Animal Health and Production 45, 849–853.
The nutritional value of peanut hay (Arachis hypogaea L.) as an alternate forage source for sheep.CrossRef |

Kozloski GV, Stefanello CM, Mesquita FR, Alves TP, Ribeiro Filho HMN, Almeida JGR, Moraes Genro TC (2014) Technical note: evaluation of markers for estimating duodenal digesta flow and ruminal digestibility: acid detergent fiber, sulfuric acid detergent lignin, and n-alkanes. Journal of Dairy Science 97, 1730–1735.
Technical note: evaluation of markers for estimating duodenal digesta flow and ruminal digestibility: acid detergent fiber, sulfuric acid detergent lignin, and n-alkanes.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXis1Cqu7g%3D&md5=9ad3929467480447b65a51fac57ee3bdCAS |

López J, Tejada I, Vásquez C, Garza JDD, Shimada A (2004) Condensed tannins in tropical fodder crops and their in vitro biological activity: Part 2. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 84, 295–299.
Condensed tannins in tropical fodder crops and their in vitro biological activity: Part 2.CrossRef |

Makkar HPS, Becker K (1999) Purine quantification in digesta from ruminants by spectrophotometric and HPLC methods. British Journal of Nutrition 81, 107–112.

Manaye T, Tolera A, Zewdu T (2009) Feed intake, digestibility and body weight gain of sheep fed Napier grass mixed with different levels of Sesbania sesban. Livestock Science 122, 24–29.
Feed intake, digestibility and body weight gain of sheep fed Napier grass mixed with different levels of Sesbania sesban.CrossRef |

Mertens RD (2002) Gravimetric determination of amylase-treated neutral detergent fiber in feeds with refluxing in beakers or crucibles: collaborative study. Journal of AOAC International 85, 1217–1240.

Minson DJ (1990) ‘Forage in ruminant nutrition.’ (Division of Tropical Crops and Pastures, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation: Saint Lucia, Qld)

Niderkorn V, Julien S, Martin C, Rochette Y, Baumont R (2015) Associative effects between orchardgrass and red clover silages on voluntary intake and digestion in sheep: evidence of a synergy on digestible dry matter intake. Journal of Animal Science 93, 4967–4976.
Associative effects between orchardgrass and red clover silages on voluntary intake and digestion in sheep: evidence of a synergy on digestible dry matter intake.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC28XjsVOntr0%3D&md5=632ced3c108b7f3e6a8322e708cfb534CAS |

Peyraud J, Astigarraga L (1998) Review of the effect of nitrogen fertilization on the chemical composition, intake, digestion and nutritive value of fresh herbage: consequences on animal nutrition and N balance. Animal Feed Science and Technology 72, 235–259.
Review of the effect of nitrogen fertilization on the chemical composition, intake, digestion and nutritive value of fresh herbage: consequences on animal nutrition and N balance.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK1cXjvVWgsLc%3D&md5=d204d1564705e24fba884a9bde3b2bf9CAS |

Peyraud JL, Delagarde R (2013) Managing variations in dairy cow nutrient supply under grazing. Animal 7, 57–67.
Managing variations in dairy cow nutrient supply under grazing.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXjsFeitrg%3D&md5=76e5c070dafc868710c5c06dcf306f99CAS |

Peyraud JL, Le Gall A, Lüscher A (2009) Potential food production from forage legume-based-systems in Europe: an overview. Irish Journal of Agricultural and Food Research 48, 115–135.

Phelan P, Moloney P, McGeough EJ, Humphreys J, Bertilsson J, O’Riordan EG, O’Kiely P (2015) Forage legumes for grazing and conserving in ruminant production systems. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 34, 281–326.
Forage legumes for grazing and conserving in ruminant production systems.CrossRef |

Porter P, Singleton AG (1971) Digestion of carbohydrates of hay in small ruminants. British Journal of Nutrition 26, 75–88.
Digestion of carbohydrates of hay in small ruminants.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaE3MXksVKiur8%3D&md5=e071fe1a216b8f75f2a63737adde1d55CAS |

Reid RL, Templeton WC, Ranney TS, Thayne WV (1987) Digestibility, intake and mineral utilization of combinations of grasses and legumes by lambs. Journal of Animal Science 64, 1725–1734.
Digestibility, intake and mineral utilization of combinations of grasses and legumes by lambs.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaL2sXksFOrt7g%3D&md5=185f7769a57cbbb7d0435c054d2bc358CAS |

Ribeiro-Filho HMN, Delagarde R, Peyraud JL (2003) Inclusion of white clover in strip-grazed perennial ryegrass swards: herbage intake and milk yield of dairy cows at different ages of sward regrowth. Animal Science 77, 499–510.

Rochon JJ, Doyle CJ, Greef JM, Hopkins A, Molle G, Sitzia M, Scholefield D, Smith CJ (2004) Grazing legumes in Europe: a review of their status, management, benefits, research needs and future prospects. Grass and Forage Science 59, 197–214.
Grazing legumes in Europe: a review of their status, management, benefits, research needs and future prospects.CrossRef |

SAS (1999) ‘Language guide.’ (Statistical Analysis Systems Institute: Cary, NC)

Schnaider MA, Ribeiro-Filho HMN, Vilmar Kozloski G, Reiter T, Dall Orsoletta AC, Dallabrida AL (2014) Intake and digestion of wethers fed with dwarf elephant grass hay with or without the inclusion of peanut hay. Tropical Animal Health and Production 46, 975–980.
Intake and digestion of wethers fed with dwarf elephant grass hay with or without the inclusion of peanut hay.CrossRef |

Sullivan ML, Foster JL (2013) Perennial peanut (Arachis glabrata Benth.) contains polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and PPO substrates that can reduce post-harvest proteolysis. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 93, 2421–2428.
Perennial peanut (Arachis glabrata Benth.) contains polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and PPO substrates that can reduce post-harvest proteolysis.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXit1Kntro%3D&md5=00d3366fc5c0fd135ce218741afbf3b8CAS |

Waghorn GC, Shelton ID, Thomas VJ (1989) Particle breakdown and rumen digestion of fresh ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) fed to cows during a restricted feeding period. British Journal of Nutrition 61, 409–423.
Particle breakdown and rumen digestion of fresh ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) fed to cows during a restricted feeding period.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DyaL1M3gslCgsQ%3D%3D&md5=b697f6a6c39129352890166f1f75b10fCAS |

Weatherburn MW (1967) Phenol–hypochlorite reaction for determination of ammonia. Analytical Chemistry 39, 971–974.
Phenol–hypochlorite reaction for determination of ammonia.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaF2sXksFSqtLY%3D&md5=23648a4012503eaf11a2561337942d68CAS |



Export Citation Cited By (1)