Animal Production Science Animal Production Science Society
Food, fibre and pharmaceuticals from animals
RESEARCH ARTICLE

The impacts of dietary Nigella sativa meal and Avizyme on growth, nutrient digestibility and blood metabolites of meat-type quail

M. E. Abd El-Hack A E , A. I. Attia A , M. Arif B , R. N. Soomro C and M. A. Arain D
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Department of Poultry, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Zagazig 44111, Egypt.

B Department of Animal Sciences, University College of Agriculture, University of Sargodha, 40100, Pakistan.

C College of Animal Sciences and Technology, Northwest A&F University Yangling, 712100, Shaanxi Province, P. R. China.

D Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciences, Uthal, Balochistan, Pakistan, 3800.

E Corresponding author. Email: m.ezzat@zu.edu.eg; dr.mohamed.e.abdalhaq@gmail.com

Animal Production Science - https://doi.org/10.1071/AN16226
Submitted: 12 April 2016  Accepted: 2 September 2016   Published online: 4 October 2016

Abstract

The present study was performed to evaluate the effect of varying proportion of Nigella sativa meal (NSM) in the diets with or without Avizyme supplementation on growing Japanese quail performance. A 4 × 2 factorial experiment was conducted including four levels of NSM (0%, 10%, 15% and 20% of the diet) and two levels of dietary Avizyme supplementation (0 or 0.5 g/kg diet) through the growing period (1–6 weeks of age). A total number of 600 unsexed 1-week-old Japanese quail chicks were randomly distributed into eight treatment groups. The effects of NSM inclusion levels were highly significant (P < 0.01) on the values of live bodyweight, daily bodyweight gain and daily feed intake at all periods studied. The incorporation of 10% NSM of the diet recorded the best values of live bodyweight and daily bodyweight gain compared with the Control and other NSM levels. Quail fed diets contained 10% or 15% NSM had higher (P < 0.01) daily feed intake than those in the Control, but feed conversion ratio was not statistically affected at all studied ages. All carcass traits studied were significantly (P < 0.01) affected by feeding the NSM diet. The digestion coefficients of dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, ether extract and nitrogen-free extract were significantly (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05) increased in chicks fed diets containing 10% NSM as compared with the Control. Quail fed diets including 10% or 15% NSM had increased serum concentrations of total protein, albumin and a higher A : G ratio. All serum lipid constituents except high density lipoprotein were at lower (P < 0.01) concentrations in blood serum of quail fed diets containing NSM. Using NSM at level of 20% of the diet had a negative impact on growth, carcass characteristics, and nutrient digestibility. Neither Avizyme supplementation alone nor the interaction between NSM and Avizyme had any statistically impact on all studied parameters. It can be concluded that NSM could be included in growing quail diets up to 15% without any Avizyme supplementation to support growth performance and feed utilisation, however higher NSM levels negatively affected performance, carcass traits and nutrient digestibility.

Additional keywords: carcass, digestibility, Nigella sativa meal, performance, quail.


References

Abd El-Hack ME (2015) Enzymes drying to be used in low-cost animal fodder production for existing biotechnology company. PhD Thesis, Poultry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Egypt.

Abd El-Hack ME, El-Hindawy MM, Attia AI, Mahrose Kh M (2015) Effects of feeding DDGS with or without enzyme or vitamin E supplementation on productive performance of Hisex Brown laying hens. Zagazig Journal of Agriculture Research 42, 71–79.

Abd El-Hack ME, Alagawany M, Farag MR, Tiwari R, Karthik K, Dhama K, Zorriehzahra J, Adel M (2016a) Beneficial impacts of thymol essential oil on health and production of animals, fish and poultry a review. Journal of Essential Oil Research 28, 365–382.
Beneficial impacts of thymol essential oil on health and production of animals, fish and poultry a review.CrossRef |

Abd El-Hack ME, Alagawany M, Farag MR, Tiwari R, Karthik K, Dhama K (2016b) Nutritional, healthical and therapeutic efficacy of Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) in animals, poultry and humans. International Journal of Pharmacology 12, 232–248.
Nutritional, healthical and therapeutic efficacy of Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) in animals, poultry and humans.CrossRef |

Abdel-Hady AA, Abdel-Azeem FA, Abdel-Rafea AA, Gamal AG (2009) Effect of replacement of soybean meal protein by Nigella sativa meal protein on performance of growing Japanese quail. Egyptian Poultry Science 29, 407–422.

Abou-Raya AK, Galal AGH (1971) Evaluation of poultry feeds in digestion trials with performance to some factors involved. Egyptian Journal of Animal Production 11, 207–221.

Aboul Ela SS, Attia AI, Soliman MM, Fathi M (2004) The use of Nigella sativa oil seed meal in Japanese quail diets. Egyptian Journal of Animal Production 41, 95–113.

Akiba Y, Jensen LS, Bart CR, Kraeling RR (1982) Plasma estradiol, thyroid hormones and liver lipids determination in birds. The Journal of Nutrition 112, 299–308.

Ali OAA, Suthama N, Mahfud LD (2014) The effect of feeding black cumin (Nigella sativa) and vitamin c on blood lipid profiles and growth performance of broilers. International Refereed Journal of Engineering and Science 3, 28–33.

Amad AA, Radman MA (2013) Effects of dietary black cumin seeds (Nigella sativa) on performance, carcass traits and some blood parameters in broiler chickens. Tropentag 2013, Stuttgart, Germany, 17–19 September 2013, Conference on International Research on Food Security, Natural Resource Management and Rural Development.

Amerah AM, van de Belt K, van Der Klis JD (2015) Effect of different levels of rapeseed meal and sunflower meal and enzyme combination on the performance, digesta viscosity and carcass traits of broiler chickens fed wheat-based diets. Animal 9, 1131–1137.
Effect of different levels of rapeseed meal and sunflower meal and enzyme combination on the performance, digesta viscosity and carcass traits of broiler chickens fed wheat-based diets.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2MXhtVOitbvL&md5=e4e8f15bcb6d1cdb6a0af092d1acfc65CAS | 25737094PubMed |

AOAC (2003) ‘Official methods of analysis.’ 13th edn. (Association of Official Analytical Chemists: Washington, DC)

Attia YA, Qota EMA, Agoor FAM, Kies AK (2003) Value of rice bran, its maximal utilization and upgrading by phytase and other enzymes and diet formulation based on available amino acid for broiler chicks. Archiv fur Geflugelkunde 67, 157–166.

Azeem T, Zaib-Ur-Rehman , Umar S, Asif M, Arif M, Rahman A (2014) Effect of Nigella Sativa on poultry health and production: a review. Science Letter 2, 76–82.

Brenes A, Lazaro R, Garcia M, Mateos GG (1996) Utilizacion practica de complejos enzimaticos en aviculture. In ‘XII Curso de Especializacion FEDNA’. (Eds PG Rebdler, GG Mateos, C de Blas) pp. 135–157. (Fundación Española para el Desarrollo de la Nutrición Animal: Madrid)

Café MB, Borges CA, Fritts CA, Waldroup PW (2002) Avizyme improves performance of broilers fed corn-soybean meal-based diets. Journal of Applied Poultry Research 11, 29–33.
Avizyme improves performance of broilers fed corn-soybean meal-based diets.CrossRef |

El-Nattat WS, El Kady RI (2007) Effect of different medicinal plant seeds residues on the nutritional and reproductive performance of adult male rabbits. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 9, 479–485.

El-Nesr SS (2008) Effect of feeding with different sources and levels of black cumin seed (Nigella sativa) on productive performance of heat stressed broiler chicks. MSc Thesis, Animal Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Suez Canal University, Egypt.

Elangovan AV, Mandal AB, Tyagi PK, Tyagi PK, Toppo S, Johri TS (2004) Effects of enzymes in diets with varying energy levels on growth and egg production performance of Japanese quail. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 84, 2028–2034.
Effects of enzymes in diets with varying energy levels on growth and egg production performance of Japanese quail.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2cXhtVejs73F&md5=886d0fbc9373ef1f9709e298743b6451CAS |

Ganong WF (2005) ‘Review of medical physiology.’ (Alange Medical Book: New York)

Ghanem NM (2016) Effect of Nigella sativa meal with or without enzyme supplementation on the performance of Japanese quail. MSc Thesis, Poultry Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Zagazig University, Egypt.

Guler T, Dalkilic B, Ertas ON, Ciftci M (2006) The effect of dietary black cumin seed (Nigella Sativa L.) on the performance of broiler. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 19, 425–430.
The effect of dietary black cumin seed (Nigella Sativa L.) on the performance of broiler.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28XislGjtLo%3D&md5=d8e4cf6ec69844f09165b272d0e31a3dCAS |

Hanafy MSM, Hatem ME (1991) Studies on the antimicrobial activity of Nigella sativa seed (black cumin). Journal of Ethnopharmacology 34, 275–278.
Studies on the antimicrobial activity of Nigella sativa seed (black cumin).CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DyaK387nslyjsA%3D%3D&md5=f9155d1a22bddcbb78b6eb8b8e8ea16dCAS |

Jacobsen DE, Gertovey SK, Nielson H (1960) Digestibility trials with poultry. 322 Bertning fra forsg slabooratoriel udgbet of statens. Husdyrbugsudvaly – Kobengaven.

Khan SH, Ansari J, Ahsan UH, Ghulam A (2012) Black cumin seeds as phytogenic product in broiler diets and its effects on performance, blood constituents, immunity and caecal microbial population. Italian Journal of Animal Science 11, 438–444.

Mahfouz M, El-Dakhakhny M (1960) Some chemical and pharmacological properties of the new antiasthmatic drug ‘Nigellone’. Egyptian Pharmaceutical Bulletin 42, 411–424.

Majeed LHA, Abdelati KA, El-Bagir NM, Alhaidary A, Mohamed HE, Beynen AB (2010) Performance of broiler chickens fed diets containing low inclusion levels of black cumin seeds. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 9, 2725–2728.
Performance of broiler chickens fed diets containing low inclusion levels of black cumin seeds.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC38XktVKntrY%3D&md5=e48abcf6df46d943ee821d327bebab88CAS |

More T, Rai AK, Singh M (1980) Note on the effect of thermal exposure on body fluid composition of different breeds and crosses of sheep. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 50, 207–209.

National Research Council (NRC) (1994) ‘Nutrient requirements of poultry.’ (National Academy of Sciences: Washington, DC)

Rabie MH, Abo El-Maaty HMA (2015) Growth performance of Japanese quail as affected by dietary protein level and enzyme supplementation. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 10, 74–85.
Growth performance of Japanese quail as affected by dietary protein level and enzyme supplementation.CrossRef |

Ravindran A, Blair R (1992) Feed resources for poultry production in Asia and Pacific. II. Plant protein sources. World’s Poultry Science Journal 48, 205–231.
Feed resources for poultry production in Asia and Pacific. II. Plant protein sources.CrossRef |

SAS Institute Inc (2001) ‘SAS user’s guide.’ Release 8.2. (SAS Institute Inc.: Cary, NC)

Toghyani M, Toghyani M, Gheisari A, Ghalamkari G, Mohammadrezaei M (2010) Growth performance, serum biochemistry and blood hematology of broiler chicks fed different levels of black seed (Nigella sativa) and peppermint (Mentha piperita). Livestock Science 129, 173–178.
Growth performance, serum biochemistry and blood hematology of broiler chicks fed different levels of black seed (Nigella sativa) and peppermint (Mentha piperita).CrossRef |

Tollba AAH, Hassan MSH (2003) Using some natural additives to improve physiological and productive performance of broiler chicks under high temperature conditions 2-black cumin (Nigella sativa) or garlic (Allium sativum). Egyptian Poultry Science 23, 327–340.

Zeweil HS (1996) Evaluation of substituting Nigella sativa oil meal for Soybean meal on the performance of growing and laying Japanese quails. Egyptian Poultry Science 16, 451–477.



Export Citation