Animal Production Science Animal Production Science Society
Food, fibre and pharmaceuticals from animals
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Dietary supplementation with glucogenic precusors and fatty acids improves performance and health of periparturient dairy cows

R. Klebaniuk A C , G. Kochman A , E. Kowalczuk-Vasilev A , E. R. Grela A , D. Kowalczyk-Pecka B and M. Bąkowski A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Institute of Animal Nutrition and Bromatology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka Street 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland.

B Department of Zoology, Animal Ecology and Wildlife Management, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Akademicka Street 13, 20-950 Lublin, Poland.

C Corresponding author. Email: klebaniuk@gmail.com

Animal Production Science - https://doi.org/10.1071/AN16550
Submitted: 12 August 2016  Accepted: 14 September 2017   Published online: 14 December 2017

Abstract

This experiment aimed to make a comparison between the effect of a mix of two energy preparations (a glucogenic preparation (G) and a free fatty acid preparation (F)), administered in the diet during the transition period over different periods of time (5 or 8 weeks), on the animal condition, feed intake, yield and composition of milk, and blood and urine parameters. The experimental additive was a mixture (1 : 1) of two energy preparations, namely, a loose mixture of propylene glycol and sodium propionate and a free fatty acid preparation in the form of rumen-undegradable pellets. The study included 50 Polish Black-and-White Holstein–Friesian dairy cows, allocated into five treatment groups, including one control (C) and four experimental ones (G1F1, G2F2, G2F1 and G1F2). The preparations were mixed at a 1 : 1 weight ratio (500 g per head, comprising 250G and 250F) and they were administered to all experimental groups of cows daily as a component of the experimental concentrate for 5 weeks (from the 2nd week before the expected calving and until the 3rd week of lactation). From the 4th until the 6th week of lactation, the supplementation in the experimental groups changed and animals received either no additive (G1F1), or were continuously supplemented with the G–F mix (G2F2), or received only G (G2F1) or only F (G1F2). The preparations used in the study had a long-term influence on the increase in the milk yield of cows, on the improvement of their health condition, and on the reduction of weight loss. The study results confirmed that prolongation of the supplementation until the 6th week of lactation may cause favourable changes in animal performance and milk quality. Due to different modes of action, the simultaneous supplementation of G and F reduced the negative energy balance in the cow and improved milk production and composition. The best results were obtained after administration of the mixture (1 : 1) of the G and F at the dose of 500 g/cow.day over the 8-week periparturient period.

Additional keywords: energy supplement, milk yield, milk composition, nutrition.


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