Animal Production Science Animal Production Science Society
Food, fibre and pharmaceuticals from animals
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effects of hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate on growth performance, fatty liver, intestine morphology, and serum parameters of overfed geese

Junwang Tang A C , Maxue Lu B , Qianqian Fang C , Feizhen Lu B , Rongyi Shao D , Junda Shen C , Dailin Lu B , Jun He E , Lizhi Lu C F and Dong Niu A F
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, P. R. China.

B Kaier Environmental Technology Co., Ltd of Hangzhou, Xiaoshan, Hangzhou 311200, China.

C Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 310021, P. R. China.

D Rongyao Goose Industry Co., Ltd of Changxing, Huzhou 313100, China.

E Department of Animal Science, Wenzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology, Wenzhou 325006, China.

F Corresponding author. Email: dniu@zju.edu.cn; lulizhibox@163.com

Animal Production Science - https://doi.org/10.1071/AN16823
Submitted: 19 December 2016  Accepted: 13 April 2017   Published online: 28 June 2017

Abstract

In geese, overfeeding induces hepatic steatosis and makes the liver functions enhanced. Aluminosilicate absorbs toxins created by moulds in animal feeds and enhances nutrient absorption. In the present study, the effects of hydrated sodium calcium aluminosilicate (Improved HSCAS, Jumpstar) on the growth performance, fatty liver, serum parameters, and intestinal morphology of overfed Landes geese were evaluated. The study included two Control groups, a non-overfed Control (Control I) and an overfed Control (Control II), as well as a treatment group. The results showed that compared with the Control I group, liver weight, relative liver weight, abdominal fat weight, intestinal fat weight, villus height, total cholesterol, very low density lipoproteins, lipoprotein lipase, aspartate aminotransferase, IgM, and IgG in the HSCAS treatment group all significantly increased (P < 0.05) at Days 10 and 20. The villus height/crypt depth, triglycerides, cholinesterase, alanine aminotransferase, and serum IgA levels were higher than those in the Control I (P < 0.05) after 20 days of overfeeding. Compared with the Control II group, the relative abdominal fat weight, relative intestinal fat weight, and crypt depth in the HSCAS treatment group were significantly increased (P < 0.05) after 10 days of overfeeding, whereas villus height/crypt depth decreased (P < 0.05). Relative liver weight and IgA were higher in HACAS group after 20 days’ overfeeding (P < 0.05). HSCAS treatment also led to higher cholinesterase, very low density lipoproteins and decreased lipase, alanine aminotransferase (P > 0.05), and decreased aspartate aminotransferase levels than those in the Control II group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, HSCAS treatment had a beneficial effect on fatty liver production, intestinal development, and serum parameters in overfed Landes geese, which could enhance the health status of these geese.

Additional keywords: Landes geese, HSCAS, fatty liver, intestine morphology, serum parameters.


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