Animal Production Science Animal Production Science Society
Food, fibre and pharmaceuticals from animals
REVIEW

New candidate markers of phosphorus status in beef breeder cows

S. T. Anderson A G , L. J. Kidd B , M. A. Benvenutti C F , M. T. Fletcher D and R. M. Dixon E
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Laboratory for Animal Endocrinology, School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Qld 4072, Australia.

B School of Veterinary Science, The University of Queensland, Gatton, Qld 4343, Australia.

C Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation (QAAFI), Centre for Animal Science, The University of Queensland, PO Box 6014, Gayndah, Qld 4625, Australia.

D Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation (QAAFI), Centre for Animal Science, The University of Queensland, PO Box 156, Archerfield BC, Qld 4108, Australia.

E Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation (QAAFI), Centre for Animal Science, The University of Queensland, PO Box 6014, Rockhampton, Qld 4702, Australia.

F Present address: Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Gatton, Qld 4343, Australia.

G Corresponding author. Email: stephen.anderson@uq.edu.au

Animal Production Science 57(11) 2291-2303 https://doi.org/10.1071/AN17363
Submitted: 31 May 2017  Accepted: 7 August 2017   Published: 19 September 2017

Abstract

Determining the phosphorus (P) status of cattle grazing P-deficient rangelands in northern Australia is important for improving animal production in these areas. Plasma inorganic P concentration is currently the best diagnostic marker of dietary P deficiency in growing cattle but is not suitable for assessing the P status of breeder cows, which often mobilise substantial bone and soft tissue reserves in late pregnancy and lactation. Markers of bone turnover offer potential as markers of P status in cattle, as they reflect bone mobilisation or bone formation. Recent experiments investigating the physiology of beef breeder cows during diet P deficiency have indicated that the ratio of plasma total calcium concentration to plasma inorganic P concentration might be suitable as a simple index of P deficiency. However, a more specific measure of increased bone mobilisation in P-deficient breeders is plasma concentration of C-terminal telopeptide of Type 1 collagen. Also, plasma concentration of bone alkaline phosphatase is a marker of defective bone mineralisation in dietary P deficiency. These candidate markers warrant further investigation to determine their predictive value for P deficiency in cattle.

Additional keywords: bone alkaline phosphatase, bone mobilisation, CTX-1, lactation.


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