Australian Journal of Botany Australian Journal of Botany Society
Southern hemisphere botanical ecosystems
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Genetic structure of Gahnia radula (Cyperaceae), a key sedge for revegetation

Alex Arnold A , Andrea Kodym B C , Nancy M. Endersby-Harshman A , John Delpratt C and Ary A. Hoffmann A D
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A School of BioSciences, Bio21 Institute, The University of Melbourne, Vic. 3010, Australia.

B Core Facility Botanical Garden and Department of Pharmacognosy, University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria.

C School of Ecosystem and Forest Sciences, Burnley Campus, The University of Melbourne, Richmond, Vic. 3121, Australia.

D Corresponding author. Email: ary@unimelb.edu.au

Australian Journal of Botany 65(2) 128-139 https://doi.org/10.1071/BT16190
Submitted: 21 September 2016  Accepted: 24 January 2017   Published: 28 February 2017

Abstract

Genetic studies can help guide effective ecological restoration by identifying potential source populations that contain the genetic variation necessary for adaptive potential, based on past landscape processes. Here we investigate genetic patterns in Gahnia radula (R.Br.) Benth., a sedge from south-eastern Australia that has potential for revegetation of disturbed areas. We developed microsatellite markers for this species and used them to show that it propagates mostly in a clonal manner. Levels of genetic variability differed between populations and the spatial scale of this variability within these populations is identified. A population used in recent restoration efforts and which sets seed has a particularly high level of variability. Recommendations are developed for sourcing material when using this sedge for revegetation.

Additional keywords: adaptation, clonal reproduction, genetic variation, spatial analysis, restoration, revegetation.


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