Crop and Pasture Science Crop and Pasture Science Society
Plant sciences, sustainable farming systems and food quality
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Berry quality and antioxidant properties in Vitis vinifera cv. Tempranillo as affected by clonal variability, mycorrhizal inoculation and temperature

Nazareth Torres A , Nieves Goicoechea A , Fermín Morales B and M. Carmen Antolín A C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Universidad de Navarra, Facultades de Ciencias y Farmacia y Nutrición, Grupo de Fisiología del Estrés en Plantas (Departamento de Biología Ambiental), Unidad Asociada al CSIC (EEAD, Zaragoza, ICVV, Logroño), c/ Irunlarrea 1, 31008, Pamplona, Spain.

B Estación Experimental de Aula Dei (EEAD), CSIC, Departamento Nutrición Vegetal, Apdo. 13034, 50080 Zaragoza, Spain.

C Corresponding author. Email: cantolin@unav.es

Crop and Pasture Science 67(9) 961-977 https://doi.org/10.1071/CP16038
Submitted: 21 September 2015  Accepted: 25 March 2016   Published: 24 August 2016

Abstract

The projected increase in mean temperatures caused by climate change is expected to have detrimental impacts on berry quality. Microorganisms as arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) produce numerous benefits to host plants and can help plants to cope with abiotic stresses such as high temperature. The aims of this research were to characterise the response of three clones of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Tempranillo to elevated temperatures and to determine whether AMF inoculation can improve berry antioxidant properties under these conditions. The study was carried out on three fruit-bearing cuttings clones of cv. Tempranillo (CL-260, CL-1048 and CL-1089) inoculated with AMF or uninoculated and subjected to two temperature regimes (day–night: 24°C-14°C and 28°C-18°C) during berry ripening. Results showed that clonal diversity of Tempranillo resulted in different abilities to respond to elevated temperature and AMF inoculation. In CL-1048, AMF inoculation improved parameters related to phenolic maturity such as anthocyanin content and increased antioxidant activity under elevated temperature, demonstrating a protective role of AMF inoculation against warming effects on berry quality. The results therefore suggest that selection of new clones and/or the implementation of measures to promote the association of grapevines with AMF could be strategies to improve berry antioxidant properties under future warming conditions.

Additional keywords: DPPH assay, global warming, mycorrhizal efficiency index (MEI), polyphenols, technological maturity.


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