Crop and Pasture Science Crop and Pasture Science Society
Plant sciences, sustainable farming systems and food quality
RESEARCH ARTICLE

The role of FLOWERING LOCUS C in vernalization of Brassica: the importance of vernalization research in the face of climate change

Daniel J. Shea A , Etsuko Itabashi B , Satoko Takada C , Eigo Fukai A , Tomohiro Kakizaki B , Ryo Fujimoto C D and Keiichi Okazaki A D
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Graduate School of Science and Technology, Niigata University, Ikarashi-ninocho, Niigata 950-2181, Japan.

B Institute of Vegetable and Floriculture Science, NARO, Kusawa, Ano, Tsu, Mie 514-2392, Japan.

C Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kobe University, Rokkodai, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-8501, Japan.

D Corresponding authors. Emails: leo@people.kobe-u.ac.jp; okazaki@agr.niigata-u.ac.jp

Crop and Pasture Science - https://doi.org/10.1071/CP16468
Submitted: 26 December 2016  Accepted: 10 April 2017   Published online: 19 June 2017

Abstract

As climatic changes occur over the coming decades, our scientific understanding of plant responses to environmental cues will become an increasingly important consideration in the breeding of agricultural crops. This review provides a summary of the literature regarding vernalization research in Brassicaceae, covering both the historical origins of vernalization research and current understanding of the molecular mechanisms behind the regulatory pathways involved in vernalization and subsequent inflorescence. We discuss the evolutionarily conserved biology between the model organism Arabidopsis thaliana and the Brassica genus of crop cultivars and contrast the differences between the genera to illustrate the importance of Brassica-specific research into vernalization.

Additional keywords: epigenetics, flowering time, histone modification.


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