Functional Plant Biology Functional Plant Biology Society
Plant function and evolutionary biology
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Heat acclimation of grapevine leaf photosynthesis: mezo- and macroclimatic aspects

Zsolt Zsófi A E , Gyula Váradi B , Borbála Bálo A , Marianna Marschall C , Zoltán Nagy D and Sándor Dulai C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Research Institute of Károly Róbert College for Viticulture and Enology, Eger 3301-Eger Kőlyuktető PO Box 83, Hungary.

B Research Institute of Corvinus University for Viticulture and Enology, 6000-Kecskemét Úrihegy 5/A, Hungary.

C Eszterházy Károly College, Eger, Department of Plant Physiology, 3300-Eger Leányka Street 6, Hungary.

D Szent István University, Department of Botany and Plant Physiology, 2100-Gödöllő Páter Károly Street 1, Hungary.

E Corresponding author. Email: zszs@szbki-eger.hu

Functional Plant Biology 36(4) 310-322 https://doi.org/10.1071/FP08200
Submitted: 17 July 2008  Accepted: 29 January 2009   Published: 1 April 2009

Abstract

Heat sensitivity of grapevine (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Kékfrankos) photosynthesis was studied in two vineyards (Eger-Kőlyuktető, flat; and Eger-Nagyeged hill, steep slope) with different mesoclimates and water supply conditions in two climatically different years. 2007 was drier and warmer, with higher vapour pressure deficit (VPD) than 2005. Pre-dawn water potential measurements indicated mild water deficit at the steep-sloped vineyard. In July 2005 mild water deficit enhanced the thermostability of grapevine photosynthesis, as reflected in the temperature dependence of optimal quantum yield (Fv/Fm) and in the critical temperature of initial fluorescence (F0Tc). Decreased Fv/Fm and actual quantum yield (ΔF/Fm′) was recorded at most temperatures in September at the water-stressed (steep slope) site. This time, F0Tcs were also lower due to early leaf senescence. In September 2007, heat sensitivity of Fv/Fm was similar to 2005, and ΔF/Fm′ indicated higher thermostability at both sites, but keeping the consistent difference between the two vineyards. The critical points of steady-state fluorescence (FsTc) were higher by 3-6°C at both vineyards in 2007 than in 2005. Although, in September thermolabile F0 signals were measured at the water-stressed vineyard, the heat sensitivity was not decreased in light adapted state, assumingly as a result of enhanced xanthophyll cycle pigment pool size. The higher xanthophyll pigments pool size (V + A + Z) in 2007 (compared to 2005) at the unstressed (flat) vineyard suggests that high temperature and VPD play a role in changing (V + A + Z)/(chl a + b), and, thus, results in higher thermostability under high light conditions.

Additional keywords: climate, grapevine, heat sensitivity, photosynthesis, water deficit.


References


Berry J, Björkman O (1980) Photosynthetic response and adaptation to temperature in higher plants. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 31, 491–543.
CrossRef |

Bertamini M, Nedunchezhian N (2002) Leaf age effects on chlorophyll, Rubisco, photosynthetic electron transport activities and thylakoid membrane protein in field grown grapevine leaves. Journal of Plant Physiology 159, 799–803.
CrossRef | CAS |

Bilger HW, Schreiber U, Lange OL (1984) Determination of leaf heat resistance: comparative investigation of chlorophyll fluorescence changes and tissue necrosis methods. Oecologia 63, 256–262.
CrossRef |

Bota J, Flexas J, Medrano H (2001) Genetic variability of photosynthesis and water use in Balearic grapevine cultivars. Annals of Applied Biology 138, 353–365.
CrossRef |

Bravdo BA, Hepner Y (1987) Irrigation management and fertigation to optimize grape composition and vine performance. Acta Horticulturae 206, 49–67.

Camejo D, Jiménez A, Dell’amico JM, Torrecillas A, Alarcón JJ (2005) High temperature effects on photosynthetic activity of tomato cultivars with different heat susceptibility. Journal of Plant Physiology 162, 281–289.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Carbonneau A (1998) Irrigation, vignoble et produits de la vigne. In ‘Traité d’irrigation, Aspects qualitatifs’. pp. 257–276. (Lavoisier: Paris)

Chaves MM (1991) Effects of water deficit on carbon assimilation. Journal of Experimental Botany 42, 1–16.
CrossRef | CAS |

Chaves MM, Pereira JS, Maroco J, Rodrigues ML, Ricardo PP, Osórió ML, Carvalho I, Faria T, Pinheiro C (2002) How plants cope with water stress in the field. Photosynthesis and growth. Annals of Botany 89, 907–916.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Chaves MM , Osório J , Pereira JS (2004) Water use efficiency and photosynthesis. In ‘Water use efficiency in plant biology’. (Ed. MA Bacon) pp. 42–66. (Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Oxford)

Cifre J, Bota J, Escalona MJ, Medrano H, Flexas J (2005) Physiological tools for irrigation scheduling in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). An open gate to improve water-use efficiency? Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 106, 159–170.
CrossRef |

Correia MJ, Pereira JS, Chaves MM, Rodrigues ML, Pacheco CA (1995) ABA xylem concentrations determine maximum daily leaf conductance of field grown Vitis vinifera L. plants. Plant, Cell & Environment 18, 511–521.
CrossRef | CAS |

Davies WJ, Zhang J (1991) Root signals and regulations growth and development of plants in drying soil. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 42, 55–76.
CrossRef | CAS |

de Souza CR, Maroco JP, dos Santos TP, Rodrigues ML, Lopes CM, Pereira JS, Chaves MM (2003) Partial root-zone drying: regulation of stomatal aperture and carbon assimilation in field-grown grapevines (Vitis vinifera cv. Moscatel) Functional Plant Biology 30, 653–662.
CrossRef | CAS |

de Souza CR, Maroco JP, dos Santos TP, Rodrigues ML, Lopes C, Pereira JS, Chaves MM (2005) Control of stomatal aperture and carbon uptake by deficit irrigation in two grapevine cultivars. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 106, 261–274.
CrossRef | CAS |

Domonkos P (2003) Recent precipitation trends in Hungary in the context of larger scale climatic changes. Natural Hazards 29, 255–271.
CrossRef |

dos Santos TP, Lopes CM, Rodrigues ML, de Souza CR, Ricardo-da-Silva MJ, Maroco PJ, Pereira JS, Chaves MM (2007) Effects of deficit irrigation strategies on cluster microclimate for improving fruit composition of Moscatel field-grown grapevines. Scientia Horticulturae 112, 321–330.
CrossRef |

Downton WJS, Berry JA, Seemann JR (1984) Tolerance of photosynthesis to high temperature in desert plants. Plant Physiology 74, 786–790.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Downton WJS, Grant WJR, Loveys BR (1987) Diurnal changes in the photosynthesis of field-grown grape vines. New Phytologist 105, 71–80.
CrossRef |

Dry PR, Loveys BR, Düring H (2000) Partial drying of the root-zone of grape. I. Transient changes in shoot growth and gas exchange. Vitis 39, 3–7.

Dry PR, Loveys BR, McCarthy MG, Stoll M (2001) Strategic irrigation management in Australian vineyards. Journal international des sciences de la vigne et du vin 35, 129–139.

Dulai S, Molnár I, Lehoczki E (1998) Effects of growth temperatures of 5 and 25°C on long-term responses of photosystem II to heat stress in atrazin-resistant and susceptible biotypes of Erigeron canadiensis. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 25, 145–153.
CrossRef | CAS |

Dulai S, Molnár I, Péli E, Lehoczki E (1999) Short-term responses of PSII to heat-stress in cold-acclimated atrazine resistant and susceptible biotypes of Erigeron canadensis (L.). Z. Naturforschung 54c, 665–670.

Düring H (1987) Stomatal responses to alterations of soil and air humidity in grapevines. Vitis 26, 9–18.

Feder ME, Hoffman GE (1999) Heat shock proteins, molecular chaperones, and stress response: evolutionary and ecological physiology. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 61, 243–282.
CAS |


Flexas J, Bota J, Cifre J, Escalona JM, Galmés J , et al . (2004) Understanding down-regulation of photosynthesis under water stress: future prospects and searching for physiological tools for irrigation management. Annals of Applied Biology 144, 273–283.
CrossRef |

Flexas J, Bota J, Galmes J, Medrano H, Ribas-Carbo M (2006) Keeping a positive carbon balance under adverse conditions: responses of photosynthesis and respiration to water stress. Physiologia Plantarum 127, 343–352.
CrossRef | CAS |

Genty B, Briantais JM, Baker NR (1989) The relationship between the quantum yield of non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence and rate of photosystem II photochemistry in leaves. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 990, 87–92.
CAS |


Gilmore AM, Shinkarev VP, Hazlett TL, Govindjee (1998) Quantitative analysis of the effects of intrathylakoid pH and xanthophyll cycle pigments on chlorophyll a fluorescence lifetime distributions and intensity in thylakoids. Biochemistry 37, 13582–13593.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Hall EA (1992) Breading for heat tolerance. Plant Breeding Reviews 10, 129–168.

Havaux M (1992) Stress tolerance of photosystem II in vivo. Antagonistic effects of water, heat and photoinhibition stresses. Plant Physiology 100, 424–432.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Havaux M (1993) Rapid photosynthetic adaptation to heat stress triggered in potato leaves by moderately elevated temperatures. Plant, Cell & Environment 16, 461–467.
CrossRef |

Havaux M, Gruszecki WI (1993) Heat- and light-induced chlorophyll a fluorescence changes in potato leaves containing high or low levels of the carotenoid zeaxanthin: indications of a regulatory effect of zeaxanthin on thylakoid membrane fluidity. Photochemistry and Photobiology 58, 607–614.
CrossRef | CAS |

Havaux M, Tardy F (1996) Temperature-dependent adjustment of the thermal stability of photosystem II in vivo: possible involvement of xanthophyll-cycle pigments. Planta 198, 324–333.
CrossRef | CAS |

Havaux M, Tardy F, Ravenel J, Chanu D, Parot P (1996) Thylakoid membrane stability to heat stress studied by flash spectroscopic measurements of the electrochromic shift in intact potato leaves: influence of the xanthophyll content. Plant, Cell & Environment 19, 1359–1368.
CAS | CrossRef |


IPPC (2001) ‘Climate change 2001: impacts, adaptations and vulnerability.’ (Cambridge University Press: New York)

Jones HG (1998) Stomatal control of photosynthesis and transpiration. Journal of Experimental Botany 49(Special Issue), 387–398.
CrossRef |

Jones HG (2004) Irrigation scheduling: advantages and pitfalls of plant-based methods. Journal of Experimental Botany 55, 2427–2436.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Jones HG (2007) Monitoring plant and soil water status: established and novel methods revisited and their relevance to studies of drought tolerance. Journal of Experimental Botany 58, 119–130.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Kadir S (2006) Thermostability of photosynthesis of Vitis aestivalis and Vitis vinifera. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 131, 476–483.

Kadir S, Von Weihe M, Al-Khatib K (2007) Photochemical efficiency and recovery of photosystem II in grapes after exposure to sudden and gradual heat stress. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 132, 764–769.

Kennedy JA, Matthews MA, Waterhouse AL (2002) Effect of maturity and vine water status on grape skin and wine flavonoids. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 53, 268–274.
CAS |


Kriedemann PE (1968) Photosynthesis in vine leaves as a function of light intensity, temperature and leaf age. Vitis 7, 213–220.

Kriedemann PE, Smart RE (1969) Effects of irradiance, temperature and leaf water potential on photosynthesis of vine leaves. Photosynthetica 5, 15–19.

Lawlor DW (2002) Limitation to photosynthesis in water-stressed leaves: stomata vs. metabolism and the role of ATP. Annals of Botany 89, 871–885.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Lichtenthaler HK (1987) Chlorophylls and carotenoids: pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. In ‘Methods in enzymology’. Vol. 148. (Eds L Packer, R Douce) pp. 350–382. (Academic Press: New York)

Liu X, Huang B (2000) Heat stress injury in relation to membrane lipid peroxidation in creeping bent grass. Crop Science 40, 503–510.
CAS |


Loveys BR (1984) Diurnal changes in water relations and abscisic acid in field-grown Vitis vinifera cultivars. III. The influence of xylem-derived abscisic acid on leaf gas exchange. New Phytologist 98, 563–573.
CrossRef | CAS |

Loveys BR, Düring H (1984) Diurnal changes in water relations and abscisic acid in field grown Vitis vinifera cultivars. II. Abscisic acid changes under semiarid conditions. New Phytologist 97, 37–47.
CrossRef | CAS |

Loveys BR , Stoll M , Davies WJ (2004) Physiological approaches to enhance water use efficiency in agriculture: exploiting plant signalling in novel irrigation practice. In ‘Water use efficiency in plant biology’. (Ed. M Bacon) pp. 113–138. (Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Oxford)

Lovisolo C, Peronne I, Hartung W, Schubert A (2008) An abscisic acid-related reduced transpiration promotes gradual embolism repair when grapevines are rehydrated after drought. New Phytologist 180, 642–651.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Lu C, Zhang J (1999) Effects of water stress on photosystem II photochemistry and its thermostability in wheat plants. Journal of Experimental Botany 336, 1119–1206.

McCarthy MG (1997) The effect of transient water deficit on berry development of cv. Shiraz (Vitis vinifera L.). Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 3, 102–108.

Medrano H, Escalona JM, Bota J, Gulias J, Flexas J (2002) Regulation of photosynthesis of C3 Plants in response to progressive drought: stomatal conductance as a reference parameter. Annals of Botany 89, 895–905.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Medrano H, Escalona JM, Cifre J, Bota J, Flexas J (2003) A ten year study on physiology of two Spanish grapevine cultivars under field conditions: effects of water availability from leaf photosynthesis to grape yield and quality. Functional Plant Biology 30, 607–619.
CrossRef | CAS |

Medrano H , Galmés J , Ribas-Carbó M , Bota J , Pou A , Moreno M , Cifre J , Flexas J , Gulias J (2007) Optimization of water use: a requirement for the grapevine crop under conditions of climatic change. Cost Action 858 Workshop: Vineyard under environmental constraints: adaptations to climate change. Abiotic stress ecophysiology and grape functional genomics. (University of Lodz: Poland)

Molnár I , Csízi K , Dulai S , Darkó É , Lehoczki E (1998) Light dependence of thermostability of photosynthetic apparatus. In ‘Photosynthesis: mechanisms and effects’. Vol. 3. (Ed. G Garab) pp. 2241–2244. (Kluwer: Dordrecht, the Netherlands)

Molnár I, Gáspár L, Sárvári É, Dulai S, Hoffmann B, Molnár-Láng M, Galiba G (2004) Physiological and morphological responses to water stress is Aegilops biuncialis and Triticum aestivum genotypes with differing tolerance to drought. Functional Plant Biology 31, 1149–1159.
CrossRef |

Momcilovic I, Ristic Z (2007) Expression of chloroplast protein synthesis elongation factor, EF-Tu in two lines of maize with contrasting tolerance heat stress during early stages of plant development. Journal of Plant Physiology 164, 90–99.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Morrell AM, Wample RL, Mink GI, Ku MSB (1997) Heat shock protein expression in leaves of Cabernet sauvignon. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 48, 459–464.
CAS |


Moutinho-Pereira JM, Correia CM, Goncalves BM, Bacelar EA, Torres-Pereira JM (2004) Leaf gas exchange and water relations of grapevines grown in three different conditions. Photosynthetica 42, 81–86.
CrossRef |

Naor A, Bravdo B, Gelobter J (1994) Gas-exchange and water relations in field grown Sauvignon blanc grapevines. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 45, 223–228.

Ojeda H, Andary C, Kraeva E, Carbonneau A, Deloire A (2002) Influence of pre- and postveraison water deficit on synthesis and concentration of skin phenolic compounds during berry growth of Vitis vinifera cv. Shiraz. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 53, 261–267.
CAS |


Pearcy RW (1978) Effect of growth temperature on the fatty acid composition of the leaf lipids in Atriplex lentiformis (Torr.) Wats. Plant Physiology 61, 484–486.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Pellegrino A, Lebon E, Simonneau T, Wery J (2005) Towards a simple indicator of water stress in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) based on the differential sensitivities of vegetative growth components. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 11, 306–315.
CrossRef |

Pou A, Flexas J, Alsina M, Bota J, Carambula C , et al . (2008) Adjustments of water use efficiency by stomatal regulation during drought and recovery in the drought-adapted Vitis hybrid Richter-110 (V. berlandieri × V. rupestris) Physiologia Plantarum 134, 313–323.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

Quinn PJ , Williams WP (1985) Environmentally induced changes in chloroplast membranes and their effects on photosynthetic functions. In ‘Topics in photosynthesis’. Vol. 6. (Eds J Barber, NR Baker) pp. 1–48. (Elsevier: Amsterdam)

Raison JK, Roberts JK, Berry JA (1982) Correlations between the thermal stability of chloroplasts (thylakoid) membranes and the composition and fluidity of their polar lipids upon acclimation of higher plant Nerium oleander to growth temperature. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 688, 218–228.
CrossRef | CAS |

Scholander PF, Hammel HJ, Bradstreet A, Hemmingsen EA (1965) Sap pressure in vascular plants. Science 148, 339–346.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Schreiber U, Berry J (1977) Heat-induced changes of chlorophyll fluorescence in intact leaves correlated with damage of the photosynthetic apparatus. Planta 136, 233–238.
CrossRef | CAS |

Schultz HR (2000) Climate change and viticulture: a European perspective on climatology, carbon dioxide and UV-B effects. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 1, 1–12.

Schultz HR (2003) Differences in hydraulic architecture account for near-isohydric and anisohydric behaviour of two field-grown Vitis vinifera L. cultivars during drought. Plant, Cell & Environment 26, 1393–1405.
CrossRef |

Schultz HR (2007) Climate change and world viticulture. Cost Action 858 Workshop: Vineyard under environmental constraints: adaptations to climate change. Abiotic stress ecophysiology and grape functional genomics. (University of Lodz: Poland)

Sivilotti P, Bonetto C, Paladin M, Peterlunger E (2005) Effect of soil moisture availability on Merlot: from leaf water potential to grape composition. American Journal of Enology and Viticulture 56, 9–18.

Smillie RM, Nott R (1979) Heat injury in leaves of alpine, temperate and tropical plants. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 6, 135–141.
CrossRef | CAS |

Soar CJ, Speirs J, Maffei SM, Penrose AB, McCarthy MG, Loveys BR (2006) Grape vine varieties Shiraz and Grenache differ in their stomatal response to VPD: apparent links with ABA physiology and gene expression in leaf tissue. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 12, 2–12.
CrossRef | CAS |

Süss KH, Yordanov IT (1986) Biosynthetic cause of in vivo acquired thermotolerance of photosynthetic light reactions and metabolic responses of chloroplasts to heat stress. Plant Physiology 81, 192–199.
CrossRef | PubMed |

Terzaghi WB, Fork DC, Berry JA, Field CB (1989) Low and high temperature limits to PSII. Plant Physiology 91, 1494–1500.
CrossRef | CAS | PubMed |

van Kooten O, Snel JFH (1990) The use of chlorophyll fluorescence nomenclature in plant stress physiology. Photosynthesis Research 25, 147–150.
CrossRef |

van Leeuwen C, Seguin G (2006) The concept of terroir in viticulture. Journal of Wine Research 17, 1–10.
CrossRef |

Váradi Gy , Botos-Bálo B , Pölös E (1992) Xanthophyll cycle in grapevine leaves – diurnal and seasonal patterns. In ‘Proceedings of IVth International Symposium on Grapevine Physiology’. pp. 521–526. (University of Turin: Italy)

Wise RR, Olson AJ, Schrader SM, Sharkey TD (2004) Electron transport and the functional limitation of photosynthesis in field-grown Pima cotton plants at high temperature. Plant, Cell & Environment 27, 717–724.
CrossRef | CAS |

Yordanov I, Dilova S, Petkova R, Pangelova T, Goltsev V, Süss HK (1986) Mechanisms of the temperature damage and acclimation of the photosynthetic apparatus. Photobiochemistry and Photobiophysics 12, 147–155.

Zhang JH, Huang WD, Liu YP, Pan QH (2005) Effects of temperature acclimation pre-treatment on the ultrastructure of mesophyll cells in young grape plants (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Jingxiu) under cross temperature stresses. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 47, 959–970.
CrossRef |

Zsófi Zs, Gál L, Szilágyi Z, Sz?cs E, Marschall M, Nagy Z, Bálo B (2009) Use of stomatal conductance and pre-dawn water potential to classify terroir for the grape variety Kékfrankos. Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research 15, 36–47.
CrossRef |








Rent Article (via Deepdyve) Export Citation Cited By (14)