Functional Plant Biology Functional Plant Biology Society
Plant function and evolutionary biology
REVIEW

Emerging evidence for potential role of Ca2+-ATPase-mediated calcium accumulation in symbiosomes of infected root nodule cells

Igor M. Andreev
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Botanicheskaya st. 35, Moscow 127276, Russia. Email: pmembrane@ippras.ru

Functional Plant Biology 44(10) 955-960 https://doi.org/10.1071/FP17042
Submitted: 6 February 2017  Accepted: 28 May 2017   Published: 31 July 2017

Abstract

Symbiosomes are organelle-like compartments responsible for nitrogen fixation in infected nodule cells of legumes, which are formed as a result of symbiotic association of soil bacteria rhizobia with certain plant root cells. They are virtually the only source of reduced nitrogen in the Earth’s biosphere, and consequently, are of great importance. It has been proven that the functioning of symbiosomes depends to a large extent on the transport of various metabolites and ions – most likely including Ca2+ – across the symbiosome membrane (SM). Although it has been well established that this cation is involved in the regulation of a broad spectrum of processes in cells of living organisms, its role in the functioning of symbiosomes remains obscure. This is despite available data indicating both its transport through the SM and accumulation within these compartments. This review summarises the results obtained in the course of studies on the given aspects of calcium behaviour in symbiosomes, and on this basis gives a possible explanation of the proper functional role in them of Ca2+.

Additional keywords: bacteroid, calcium signaling, calcium signalling, symbiosome, symbiosome membrane.


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