Functional Plant Biology Functional Plant Biology Society
Plant function and evolutionary biology
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Relative contribution of photorespiration and antioxidative mechanisms in Caragana korshinskii under drought conditions across the Loess Plateau

Juan Bai A C , Tai Kang A , Hongdou Wu A , Baiyan Lu A , Xiaogang Long A , Xinjuan Luo A , Yanyu Zhang B , Yulu Zhou A and Chunmei Gong A C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A College of Life Sciences, Northwest A&F University, 22 Xinong Road, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China.

B College of Science, Northwest A&F University, 22 Xinong Road, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi, China.

C Corresponding authors. Email: baijuan@nwsuaf.edu.cn; gcm228@nwsuaf.edu.cn

Functional Plant Biology - https://doi.org/10.1071/FP17060
Submitted: 27 February 2017  Accepted: 12 July 2017   Published online: 11 September 2017

Abstract

The drought-tolerant plant Caragana korshinskii Kom. was used to investigate the relative contribution of photorespiration and antioxidative mechanisms to water-stress adaptations across the Loess Plateau. The samples were collected from Shenmu, Yulin and Dongsheng along with the reduction of rainfall. The results showed the lower leaf water potential and the lower content of O2•– and malondialdehyde (MDA) were found in the plants in drier zone. H2O2 didn’t show a significant difference among these sampling sites. Both photorespiratory rate (PR) and net photosynthetic rate (PN) increased with the decrease of rainfall. Low rainfall upregulated the gene expression and activities of photorespiratory enzymes. In addition, ascorbate peroxidase (APX), glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and reduced glutathione (GSH), ascorbic acid (AsA) contents increased with the decrease of rainfall, whereas catalase (CAT) activity decreased. These results indicate photorespiration could play a protective role for the photosynthetic apparatus from photoinhibition and photodamage under low rainfall levels, which could also act together with the antioxidation system to improve the tolerance to drought in C. korshinskii.

Additional keywords: electron transport, photosynthesis, reactive oxygen species.


References

Abogadallah GM (2011) Differential regulation of photorespiratory gene expression by moderate and severe salt and drought stress in relation to oxidative stress. Plant Science 180, 540–547.
Differential regulation of photorespiratory gene expression by moderate and severe salt and drought stress in relation to oxidative stress.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3MXpvFShug%3D%3D&md5=783b3a3a3ca835b08eb5b68d8e69c27bCAS |

Beis A, Patakas A (2012) Relative contribution of photoprotection and anti-oxidative mechanisms to differential drought adaptation ability in grapevines. Environmental and Experimental Botany 78, 173–183.
Relative contribution of photoprotection and anti-oxidative mechanisms to differential drought adaptation ability in grapevines.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC38XisFGisbg%3D&md5=9f0cdeb44e6a56e07268ec3577103623CAS |

Booker FL, Reid CD, Brunschon-Harti S, Fiscus EL, Miller JE (1997) Photosynthesis and photorespiration in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) chronically exposed to elevated carbon dioxide and ozone. Journal of Experimental Botany 48, 1843–1852.
Photosynthesis and photorespiration in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) chronically exposed to elevated carbon dioxide and ozone.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK2sXntlOhtb8%3D&md5=89ab1a5049aa8d6f60a0238e242719baCAS |

Bradford MM (1976) A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Analytical Biochemistry 72, 248–254.
A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaE28XksVehtrY%3D&md5=2821bcfbf01a16b0f1b14eb3a73c5812CAS |

Davletova S (2005) Cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase 1 is a central component of the reactive oxygen gene network of Arabidopsis. The Plant Cell 17, 268–281.
Cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase 1 is a central component of the reactive oxygen gene network of Arabidopsis.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXotlanuw%3D%3D&md5=94ed452daeaf5f210d14ba9c83dafcccCAS |

Deng YS, Kong FY, Zhou B, Zhang S, Yue MM, Meng QW (2014) Heterology expression of the tomato LeLhcb2 gene confers elevated tolerance to chilling stress in transgenic tobacco. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 80, 318–327.
Heterology expression of the tomato LeLhcb2 gene confers elevated tolerance to chilling stress in transgenic tobacco.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXpsl2mtb4%3D&md5=d14e819788707fca4b7afa059466a6c0CAS |

Fahnenstich H, Scarpeci TE, Valle EM, Flugge UI, Maurino VG (2008) Generation of hydrogen peroxide in chloroplasts of Arabidopsis overexpressing glycolate oxidase as an inducible system to study oxidative stress. Plant Physiology 148, 719–729.
Generation of hydrogen peroxide in chloroplasts of Arabidopsis overexpressing glycolate oxidase as an inducible system to study oxidative stress.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1cXht1GmtLrM&md5=6eaa56cdc9b466d5667da77bf06ad654CAS |

Fang XW, Turner NC, Li FM, Li WJ, Guo XS (2011) Caragana korshinskii seedlings maintain positive photosynthesis during short-term, severe drought stress. Photosynthetica 49, 603–609.
Caragana korshinskii seedlings maintain positive photosynthesis during short-term, severe drought stress.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC38XhvVCntA%3D%3D&md5=613be65bc0f9cc1f7fba97c2c7a222b3CAS |

Grace S, Logan B (1996) Acclimation of foliar antioxidant systems to growth irradiance in three broad-leaved evergreen species. Plant Physiology 112, 1631–1640.
Acclimation of foliar antioxidant systems to growth irradiance in three broad-leaved evergreen species.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK2sXlt1Om&md5=e5dc171c75d58f557940b2aa38889d1fCAS |

Guan XQ, Zhao SJ, Li DQ, Shu HR (2004) Photoprotective function of photorespiration in several grapevine cultivars under drought stress. Photosynthetica 42, 31–36.
Photoprotective function of photorespiration in several grapevine cultivars under drought stress.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2cXmvFahsbs%3D&md5=59e6817ad696b3c427e841c6e351a5aaCAS |

Häusler RE, Bailey KJ, Lea PJ, Leegood RC (1996) Control of photosynthesis in barley mutants with reduced activities of glutamine synthetase and glutamate synthase III. Aspects of glyoxylate metabolism and effects of glyoxylate on the activation state of ribulose-l,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase. Planta 200, 388–396.
Control of photosynthesis in barley mutants with reduced activities of glutamine synthetase and glutamate synthase III. Aspects of glyoxylate metabolism and effects of glyoxylate on the activation state of ribulose-l,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase.CrossRef |

Huang GY, Wang YS, Sun CC, Dong JD, Sun ZX (2010) The effect of multiple heavy metals on ascorbate, glutathione and related enzymes in two mangrove plant seedlings (Kandelia candel and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza). Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies 39, 11–25.
The effect of multiple heavy metals on ascorbate, glutathione and related enzymes in two mangrove plant seedlings (Kandelia candel and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza).CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3MXjsVKgtb4%3D&md5=81bb302a7c99e047434baa89d57ce2bcCAS |

Huseynova IM (2012) Photosynthetic characteristics and enzymatic antioxidant capacity of leaves from wheat cultivars exposed to drought. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Bioenergetics 1817, 1516–1523.
Photosynthetic characteristics and enzymatic antioxidant capacity of leaves from wheat cultivars exposed to drought.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC38Xkslaktrk%3D&md5=a4b3a634c5aab35158855829473dd080CAS |

Kono M, Noguchi K, Terashima I (2014) Roles of the cyclic electron flow around PSI (CEF-PSI) and O2-dependent alternative pathways in regulation of the photosynthetic electron flow in short-term fluctuating light in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant & Cell Physiology 55, 990–1004.
Roles of the cyclic electron flow around PSI (CEF-PSI) and O2-dependent alternative pathways in regulation of the photosynthetic electron flow in short-term fluctuating light in Arabidopsis thaliana.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXnslOjuro%3D&md5=22042ee4b4c7d5b7378430fd00ae0495CAS |

Kozaki A, Takeba G (1996) Photorespiration protects C3 plants from photo-oxidation. Nature 384, 557–560.
Photorespiration protects C3 plants from photo-oxidation.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK2sXht1Og&md5=a1d9e2b236bf87213b1783dc5f82cfd7CAS |

Long S, Humphries S, Falkowski P (1994) Photoinhibition of photosynthesis in nature. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 45, 633–662.
Photoinhibition of photosynthesis in nature.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK2cXlt12rsLg%3D&md5=24f11a86c49eb129d579646a76cfe38aCAS |

Long Y, Wang Y, Wu S, Wang J, Tian X, Pei X (2015) De novo assembly of transcriptome sequencing in Caragana korshinskii Kom. and characterization of EST-SSR markers. PLoS One 10, e0115805
De novo assembly of transcriptome sequencing in Caragana korshinskii Kom. and characterization of EST-SSR markers.CrossRef |

Ma NN, Zuo YQ, Liang XQ, Yin B, Wang GD, Meng QW (2013) The multiple stress-responsive transcription factor SlNAC1 improves the chilling tolerance of tomato. Physiologia Plantarum 149, 474–486.
The multiple stress-responsive transcription factor SlNAC1 improves the chilling tolerance of tomato.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXhslyhtLnF&md5=fdce99f35cc23d1dac8c052171f397baCAS |

Ma CC, Guo HY, Wu JB, Wang JL, Qi SX, Wei YR, Gao YB (2014) Acclimation of photosynthetic traits of Caragana species to desert environment in Inner Mongolian Plateau. Arid Land Research and Management 28, 87–101.
Acclimation of photosynthetic traits of Caragana species to desert environment in Inner Mongolian Plateau.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXhsleks73F&md5=5c04cc242f9012839aa7c53fd7c769d6CAS |

Moreno JI, Martin R, Castresana C (2005) Arabidopsis SHMT1, a serine hydroxymethyltransferase that functions in the photorespiratory pathway influences resistance to biotic and abiotic stress. The Plant Journal 41, 451–463.
Arabidopsis SHMT1, a serine hydroxymethyltransferase that functions in the photorespiratory pathway influences resistance to biotic and abiotic stress.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXhsVKnsL4%3D&md5=54e28aac53c9e3db6c42e10adb326ef4CAS |

Nath S, Panda P, Mishra S, Dey M, Choudhury S, Sahoo L, Panda SK (2014) Arsenic stress in rice: redox consequences and regulation by iron. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 80, 203–210.
Arsenic stress in rice: redox consequences and regulation by iron.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXpsl2mt78%3D&md5=23e82de92ccf25c9916850e6b02fc528CAS |

Nishiyama Y, Murata N (2014) Revised scheme for the mechanism of photoinhibition and its application to enhance the abiotic stress tolerance of the photosynthetic machinery. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 98, 8777–8796.
Revised scheme for the mechanism of photoinhibition and its application to enhance the abiotic stress tolerance of the photosynthetic machinery.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXhtlOrtbnI&md5=fd8973175f7bc072467e687da4842294CAS |

Noctor G, Veljovic-Jovanvic S, Driscoll S, Novitskaya L, Foyer CH (2002) Drought and oxidative load in the leaves of C3 plants: a predominant role for photorespiration? Annals of Botany 89, 841–850.
Drought and oxidative load in the leaves of C3 plants: a predominant role for photorespiration?CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38XlsVeitLs%3D&md5=9a026c15b667e5a3203c56b3d2067049CAS |

Noctor G, Mhamdi A, Foyer CH (2014) The roles of reactive oxygen metabolism in drought: not so cut and dried. Plant Physiology 164, 1636–1648.
The roles of reactive oxygen metabolism in drought: not so cut and dried.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXmsV2jsr0%3D&md5=bba1c2612426000ef05807d18f936571CAS |

Osmond CB, Grace SC (1995) Perspectives on photoinhibition and photorespiration in the field: quintessential inefficiencies of the light and dark reactions of photosynthesis? Journal of Experimental Botany 46, 1351–1362.
Perspectives on photoinhibition and photorespiration in the field: quintessential inefficiencies of the light and dark reactions of photosynthesis?CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK2MXovFans78%3D&md5=4c9a3903e096901652473bc7671329caCAS |

Osmond B, Badger M, Maxwell K, Bjǒrkwell O, Leegood R (1997) Too many photons: photorespiration, photoinhibition and photooxidation. Trends in Plant Science 2, 119–121.
Too many photons: photorespiration, photoinhibition and photooxidation.CrossRef |

Palatnik JF, Valle EM, Federico ML, Gómez LD, Melchiorre MN, Paleo AD, Carrillo N, Acevedo A (2002) Status of antioxidant metabolites and enzymes in a catalase-deficient mutant of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). Plant Science 162, 363–371.
Status of antioxidant metabolites and enzymes in a catalase-deficient mutant of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.).CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38Xht1aitLc%3D&md5=786396cf3f3ea4d1c9dd53faa283c373CAS |

Polle A (2001) Dissecting the superoxide dismutase-ascorbate-glutathione-pathway in chloroplasts by metabolic modeling. Computer simulations as a step towards flux analysis. Plant Physiology 126, 445–462.
Dissecting the superoxide dismutase-ascorbate-glutathione-pathway in chloroplasts by metabolic modeling. Computer simulations as a step towards flux analysis.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3MXjslWjt7o%3D&md5=6176635c328951c1b38223e6cf1bdf5eCAS |

Queval G, Noctor G (2007) A plate reader method for the measurement of NAD, NADP, glutathione, and ascorbate in tissue extracts: application to redox profiling during Arabidopsis rosette development. Analytical Biochemistry 363, 58–69.
A plate reader method for the measurement of NAD, NADP, glutathione, and ascorbate in tissue extracts: application to redox profiling during Arabidopsis rosette development.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2sXislWksbc%3D&md5=9e00e0c15a7f3bc7f1047722af4d35b1CAS |

Ramel F, Sulmon C, Bogard M, Couee I, Gouesbet G (2009) Differential patterns of reactive oxygen species and antioxidative mechanisms during atrazine injury and sucrose-induced tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana plantlets. BMC Plant Biology 9, 28
Differential patterns of reactive oxygen species and antioxidative mechanisms during atrazine injury and sucrose-induced tolerance in Arabidopsis thaliana plantlets.CrossRef |

Rivero RM, Shulaev V, Blumwald E (2009) Cytokinin-dependent photorespiration and the protection of photosynthesis during water deficit. Plant Physiology 150, 1530–1540.
Cytokinin-dependent photorespiration and the protection of photosynthesis during water deficit.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD1MXovFeru78%3D&md5=4c4b452ffe99a7695473b753e3ee8394CAS |

Sánchez-Martín J, Heald J, Kingston-Smith A, Winters A, Rubiales D, Sanz M, Mur LA, Prats E (2015) A metabolomic study in oats (Avena sativa) highlights a drought tolerance mechanism based upon salicylate signalling pathways and the modulation of carbon, antioxidant and photo-oxidative metabolism. Plant, Cell & Environment 38, 1434–1452.
A metabolomic study in oats (Avena sativa) highlights a drought tolerance mechanism based upon salicylate signalling pathways and the modulation of carbon, antioxidant and photo-oxidative metabolism.CrossRef |

Silva EN, Silveira JAG, Ribeiro RV, Vieira SA (2015) Photoprotective function of energy dissipation by thermal processes and photorespiratory mechanisms in Jatropha curcas plants during different intensities of drought and after recovery. Environmental and Experimental Botany 110, 36–45.
Photoprotective function of energy dissipation by thermal processes and photorespiratory mechanisms in Jatropha curcas plants during different intensities of drought and after recovery.CrossRef |

Song J, Liu C, Li D, Gu Z (2013) Evaluation of sugar, free amino acid, and organic acid compositions of different varieties of vegetable soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr). Industrial Crops and Products 50, 743–749.
Evaluation of sugar, free amino acid, and organic acid compositions of different varieties of vegetable soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr).CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXhsFGqs7bN&md5=d81d5509e232bc120bb491b281437004CAS |

Takahashi S, Murata N (2005) Interruption of the Calvin cycle inhibits the repair of photosystem II from photodamage. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) – Bioenergetics 1708, 352–361.
Interruption of the Calvin cycle inhibits the repair of photosystem II from photodamage.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXlvFKksb8%3D&md5=eaf57bf24258f66447fef5a3af7df950CAS |

Takahashi S, Bauwe H, Badger M (2007) Impairment of the photorespiratory pathway accelerates photoinhibition of photosystem II by suppression of repair but not acceleration of damage processes in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology 144, 487–494.
Impairment of the photorespiratory pathway accelerates photoinhibition of photosystem II by suppression of repair but not acceleration of damage processes in Arabidopsis.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2sXls1Kisr4%3D&md5=d8a749d095670d7f268bcded44a3e052CAS |

Talaat NB (2014) Effective microorganisms enhance the scavenging capacity of the ascorbate-glutathione cycle in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants grown in salty soils. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 80, 136–143.
Effective microorganisms enhance the scavenging capacity of the ascorbate-glutathione cycle in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants grown in salty soils.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXpsl2mtrk%3D&md5=7a6ceeb4df5c4777d8299740b8076568CAS |

Talbi S, Romero-Puertas MC, Hernández A, Terrón L, Ferchichi A, Sandalio LM (2015) Drought tolerance in a Saharian plant Oudneya africana: role of antioxidant defences. Environmental and Experimental Botany 111, 114–126.
Drought tolerance in a Saharian plant Oudneya africana: role of antioxidant defences.CrossRef |

Valentini R, Epron D, Angelis PD, Matteucci G, Dreyer E (1995) In situ estimation of net CO2 assimilation in Turkey oak (Q. cerris L.) leaves: diurnal cycles under different levels of water supply. Plant, Cell & Environment 18, 631–640.
In situ estimation of net CO2 assimilation in Turkey oak (Q. cerris L.) leaves: diurnal cycles under different levels of water supply.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK2MXmvFKks70%3D&md5=41edb41469ff1b6c31851f2fee2efe26CAS |

Vauclare P, Macherel D, Douce R, Bourguignon J (1998) The gene encoding T protein of the glycine decarboxylase complex involved in the mitochondrial step of the photorespiratory pathway in plants exhibits features of light-induced genes. Plant Molecular Biology 37, 309–318.
The gene encoding T protein of the glycine decarboxylase complex involved in the mitochondrial step of the photorespiratory pathway in plants exhibits features of light-induced genes.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK1cXjtlalsbk%3D&md5=8d47ae4abf7151765203e3c70963b940CAS |

Voss I, Sunil B, Scheibe R, Raghavendra AS (2013) Emerging concept for the role of photorespiration as an important part of abiotic stress response. Plant Biology 15, 713–722.
Emerging concept for the role of photorespiration as an important part of abiotic stress response.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXhtFOgsLjM&md5=123354f5354876c238c8fff27f942526CAS |

Wang X, Hou P, Yin L, Zhu T (2002) Effect of soil moisture stress on the membrane protective enzyme and the membrane liquid peroxidation of Tamarix. Ganhanqu Yanjiu 19, 17–20. [in Chinese].

Wang D, Liu H, Li S, Zhai G, Shao J, Tao Y (2015) Characterization and molecular cloning of a serine hydroxymethyltransferase 1 (OsSHM1) in rice. Journal of Integrative Plant Biology 57, 745–756.
Characterization and molecular cloning of a serine hydroxymethyltransferase 1 (OsSHM1) in rice.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2MXhsV2mtbnF&md5=616980f509458505e56eccc7025a148bCAS |

Weljie AM, Newton J, Mercier P, Carson E, Slipsky CM (2006) Targeted profiling: quantitative analysis of 1HNMR metabolomics data. Analytical Chemistry 78, 4430–4442.
Targeted profiling: quantitative analysis of 1HNMR metabolomics data.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD28XksFKktbw%3D&md5=9ebd1df455152b0089bc6ecd26ab9d96CAS |

Yang L, Han H, Liu M, Zuo Z, Zhou K, Lü J, Zhu Y, Bai Y, Wang Y (2013) Overexpression of the Arabidopsis photorespiratory pathway gene, serine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (AtAGT1), leads to salt stress tolerance in transgenic duckweed (Lemna minor). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 113, 407–416.
Overexpression of the Arabidopsis photorespiratory pathway gene, serine:glyoxylate aminotransferase (AtAGT1), leads to salt stress tolerance in transgenic duckweed (Lemna minor).CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXoslWhtbY%3D&md5=ce1c8af96e69f01408c2acf257ef134bCAS |

Yang Q, Yin J, Li G, Qi L, Yang F, Wang R, Li G (2014) Reference gene selection for qRT-PCR in Caragana korshinskii Kom. under different stress conditions. Molecular Biology Reports 41, 2325–2334.
Reference gene selection for qRT-PCR in Caragana korshinskii Kom. under different stress conditions.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXht1eqt7s%3D&md5=fc1bab7d8d546b2e0dce0a74c3d42d4eCAS |

Yang D, Chen D, Wang P, Jiang D, Xu H, Pang X, Li C, Yu Y, Li K (2017) Aluminium-inhibited NO3 uptake is related to Al-increased H2O2 content and Al-decreased plasma membrane ATPase activity in the root tips of Al-sensitive black soybean. Functional Plant Biology 44, 198–207.
Aluminium-inhibited NO3 uptake is related to Al-increased H2O2 content and Al-decreased plasma membrane ATPase activity in the root tips of Al-sensitive black soybean.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2sXhsVSm&md5=73decb098052b4286b4e248526342f75CAS |

Yin G, Xin X, Song C, Chen X, Zhang J, Wu S, Li R, Liu X, Lu X (2014) Activity levels and expression of antioxidant enzymes in the ascorbate–glutathione cycle in artificially aged rice seed. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 80, 1–9.
Activity levels and expression of antioxidant enzymes in the ascorbate–glutathione cycle in artificially aged rice seed.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC2cXpsl2msbg%3D&md5=2a43af7e88bf8f4d15e2cd5fb84b57b8CAS |

Yu L, Jiang J, Zhang C, Jiang L, Ye N, Lu Y, Yang G, Liu E, Peng C, He Z, Peng X (2010) Glyoxylate rather than ascorbate is an efficient precursor for oxalate biosynthesis in rice. Journal of Experimental Botany 61, 1625–1634.
Glyoxylate rather than ascorbate is an efficient precursor for oxalate biosynthesis in rice.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3cXkvVOgsLs%3D&md5=fbb7f752f667dae14c5b3e333bbc8cc8CAS |

Zhang W, Huang W, Yang QY, Zhang SB, Hu H (2013) Effect of growth temperature on the electron flow for photorespiration in leaves of tobacco grown in the field. Physiologia Plantarum 149, 141–150.
Effect of growth temperature on the electron flow for photorespiration in leaves of tobacco grown in the field.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXhsFWrtrfJ&md5=ead31771b6e247688840224de530afc1CAS |

Zhou Q, Yu Q, Wang Z, Pan Y, Lv W, Zhu L, Chen R, He G (2013) Knockdown of GDCH gene reveals reactive oxygen species-induced leaf senescence in rice. Plant, Cell & Environment 36, 1476–1489.
Knockdown of GDCH gene reveals reactive oxygen species-induced leaf senescence in rice.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXhtVKku7fL&md5=af3de8b92d517664e808dde89b143057CAS |



Supplementary MaterialSupplementary Material (149 KB) Export Citation