Invertebrate Systematics Invertebrate Systematics Society
Systematics, phylogeny and biogeography
RESEARCH ARTICLE

New Australian Paronellidae (Collembola) reveal anomalies in existing tribal diagnoses

Feng Zhang A E , Yitong Ma B and Penelope Greenslade C D
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Department of Entomology, College of Plant Protection, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, People’s Republic of China.

B School of Life Sciences, Nantong University, Nantong 226000, People’s Republic of China.

C Faculty of Science and Technology, Federation University, Ballarat, Vic. 3353, Australia.

D Department of Biology, Australian National University, GPO Box, ACT 0200, Australia.

E Corresponding author: Email: xtmtd.zf@gmail.com; fzhang@njau.edu.cn

Invertebrate Systematics 31(4) 375-393 https://doi.org/10.1071/IS16073
Submitted: 2 November 2016  Accepted: 15 February 2017   Published: 1 June 2017

Abstract

We describe here two new species, Zhuqinia jingwanae, gen. & sp. nov. and Paronellides praefectus, sp. nov., both from Mount Twynam, New South Wales, Australia. The systematic position of Zhuqinia, gen. nov. in relation to other paronellids is not clear because the new genus possesses pointed, heavily striated scales similar to species of Callyntrurini. However, unlike species in that tribe, it lacks dental scales. Instead, Zhuqinia, gen. nov. is more similar to the unscaled genus Paronellides (Cremastocephalini) in other characters (abundant tergal macrochaetae, 2, 2|1, 2, 2, ?, 3 tergal S-chaetae, moderately long mucro with two teeth, etc.) but body scales are absent in all species of Paronellides. Multilocus phylogeny shows Zhuqinia, gen. nov. clustering with Paronellides rather than Callyntrurini or other Cremastocephalini genera. This study provides new information on the relationships between paronellid taxa, and changes the current higher classification of the family, particularly that of the tribes Cremastocephalini and Callyntrurini. As the new genus is known only from two peaks in the Snowy Mountain range, our data emphasise the role of montane areas as refugia for short-range endemic taxa.

Additional keywords: Callyntrurini, Cremastocephalini, molecular phylogeny, Paronellides praefectus, sp. nov., tribal classification, Zhuqinia jingwanae, gen. & sp. nov.


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