Invertebrate Systematics Invertebrate Systematics Society
Systematics, phylogeny and biogeography
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Taxonomic reassessment of species within the chrysaoros group of Calisto (Lepidoptera : Nymphalidae : Satyrinae)

Rayner Núñez Aguila A B E , Antonio R. Pérez-Asso C and Julio A. Genaro D
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Subdirección de Colecciones Zoológicas y Sistemática, Instituto de Ecología y Sistemática, La Habana, Cuba.

B Bavarian State Collection of Zoology, Section Lepidoptera, Munich, Germany.

C National Museum of Natural History, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. 7620 SW 142 Avenue, Miami, FL 33183, USA.

D Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Division of Plant Industry, PO Box 147100/1911, SW 34 Street, Gainesville, FL 32614-7100, USA.

E Corresponding author. Email: raynernunez75@gmail.com

Invertebrate Systematics 31(6) 747-764 https://doi.org/10.1071/IS17001
Submitted: 14 April 2016  Accepted: 27 April 2017   Published: 17 November 2017

Abstract

The taxonomic status of the Hispaniolan species of Calisto Hübner, 1823 included in the chrysaoros group is reassessed. Morphological data and COI barcode sequences were analysed through different methods: Neighbour-Joining clustering, ABGD, Median-Joining Haplotype Network, Maximum Likelihood, and Bayesian Inference. Analyses yielded two deeply separated groups or putative species: C. clydoniata and C. chrysaoros. A shallower split was found, except in the Bayesian Inference approach, among populations of southern and northern Hispaniola palaeo-islands. In light of these findings we propose the recognition of two species: C. clydoniata and C. chrysaoros. Within the latter, the populations of the southern and northern Hispaniola palaeo-islands should be recognised as different subspecies: C. chrysaoros chrysaoros Bates and C. chrysaoros galii Schwartz, respectively. Calisto clenchi, syn. nov. is a synonym of C. chrysaoros chrysaoros whereas C. galii galli, syn. nov. and C. galii choneupsilon, syn. nov. are synonyms of C. chrysaoros galii.

Additional keywords: ABGD, barcoding, Bayesian Inference, COI, diagnostic sites, Greater Antilles, Haplotype Network, Hispaniola, Maximum Likelihood, monophyly, new synonym.


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