Invertebrate Systematics Invertebrate Systematics Society
Systematics, phylogeny and biogeography
RESEARCH ARTICLE

A molecular phylogeny of the Palaearctic and Oriental members of the tribe Boarmiini (Lepidoptera : Geometridae : Ennominae)

Nan Jiang A D , Xinxin Li A B D , Axel Hausmann C , Rui Cheng A , Dayong Xue A and Hongxiang Han A E
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 1 Beichen West Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100101, China.

B University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, 19A Yuquan Road, Shijingshan District, Beijing 100049 China.

C SNSB – Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Münchhausenstraße 21, Munich 81247, Germany.

D These authors contributed equally to this work.

E Corresponding author. Email: hanhx@ioz.ac.cn

Invertebrate Systematics 31(4) 427-441 https://doi.org/10.1071/IS17005
Submitted: 11 January 2017  Accepted: 10 March 2017   Published: 23 June 2017

Abstract

Owing to the high species diversity and the lack of a modern revision, the phylogenetic relationships within the tribe Boarmiini remain largely unexplored. In this study, we reconstruct the first molecular phylogeny of the Palaearctic and Oriental members of Boarmiini, and infer the relationships among tribes within the ‘boarmiine’ lineage. One mitochondrial (COI) and four nuclear (EF-1α, CAD, RpS5, GAPDH) genes for 56 genera and 96 species of Boarmiini mostly from the Palaearctic and Oriental regions were included in the study. Analyses of Bayesian inference and maximum likelihood recovered largely congruent results. The monophyly of Boarmiini is supported by our results. Seven clades and seven subclades within Boarmiini were found. The molecular results coupled with morphological studies suggested the synonymisation of Zanclopera Warren, 1894, syn. nov. with Krananda Moore, 1868. The following new combinations are proposed: Krananda straminearia (Leech, 1897) (comb. nov.), Krananda falcata (Warren, 1894) (comb. nov.), and Krananda fulva (Yazaki, 1994) (comb. nov.). Our results also supported the monophyly of the ‘boarmiine’ lineage. Boarmiini were recovered as sister to the remaining taxa within the ‘boarmiine’ lineage, and Macariini were recovered as sister to Abraxini, Eutoeini and Cassymini.

Additional keywords: ‘boarmiine’ lineage, new combinations, new synonym, systematics, taxonomy.


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