Invertebrate Systematics Invertebrate Systematics Society
Systematics, phylogeny and biogeography
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Molecular identification supports most traditional morphological species of Ruspolia (Orthoptera : Conocephalinae)

Zhi Jun Zhou A B , Rui Lian Li A , Da Wei Huang A and Fu Ming Shi A

A College of Life Sciences, Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei 071002, China.

B Corresponding author. Email: zhijunzhou@163.com

Invertebrate Systematics 26(6) 451-456 http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/IS12019
Submitted: 2 April 2012  Accepted: 13 September 2012   Published: 19 December 2012

Abstract

Molecular identification systems depend on genetic diversity based on a short mitochondrial DNA fragment being markedly lower within than between species to infer identification of specimens. Our analyses show that both COI and CytB fragments can successfully distinguish most Ruspolia species. R. jezoensis was synonymised with R. dubia, and R. liangshanensis may be recently separated from R. dubia. R. indica, often called Euconocephalus indicus, occupied a well supported position within Ruspolia, and should be transferred into Ruspolia. The individuals of R. lineosa from Yunnan formed a monophyletic group at the base of the R. lineosa clade, and the Kimura 2-parameter distance between it and other R. lineosa individuals was 0.065 for COI and 0.069 for CytB, which may be the result of isolated or remote populations. However, for recently diverged taxa R. liangshanensis and R. dubia, straightforward application of barcoding rules may prove problematic without morphological, behavioural or ecological data.

Additional keywords: China, COI, CytB, DNA barcoding, molecular taxonomy, mtDNA.


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