Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Video-surveillance system for remote long-term in situ observations: recording diel cavity use and behaviour of wild European lobsters (Homarus gammarus)

Ronny Steen A B and Sondre Ski A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Department of Ecology and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Science, NO-1432 Ås, Norway.

B Corresponding author. Email: ronny.steen@nmbu.no

Marine and Freshwater Research 65(12) 1094-1101 https://doi.org/10.1071/MF13139
Submitted: 27 March 2014  Accepted: 3 June 2014   Published: 10 October 2014

Abstract

Long-term studies of subtidal marine animals in the wild are a demanding enterprise. Traditionally, data collection has been limited to direct observations during SCUBA diving. In the past decade, video technology has improved rapidly and behavioural monitoring of marine organisms has successfully been conducted by using modern video-recording equipment. Here, we describe a video-monitoring system that employs video motion detection (VMD) and describe its use with the European lobster (Homarus gammarus). There is a shortage of detailed information on lobster behaviour in the wild, with virtually no published data on the fine-scale behaviour of the European lobster under natural conditions. This dearth of information reflects the difficulties in observing behaviour in nocturnal marine animals. Here, we explore whether a remote video-surveillance system is suitable for long-term monitoring of European lobsters inhabiting an artificial cavity in a natural habitat. From the video recordings, we were able to register diel cavity use and categorise behavioural elements such as resting, feeding, burrowing and substrate moving, self-cleaning, burrow occupancy and interactions among individuals. We propose that this novel system will contribute to more efficient data sampling of lobsters and facilitate non-invasive, long-term behavioural studies of other marine and freshwater animals.

Additional keywords: Crustacea, diel cycle, digital video recorder, marine monitoring, video motion detection.


References

Agnalt, A. L., Kristiansen, T. S., and Jorstad, K. E. (2007). Growth, reproductive cycle, and movement of berried European lobsters (Homarus gammarus) in a local stock off southwestern Norway. ICES Journal of Marine Science 64, 288–297.
Growth, reproductive cycle, and movement of berried European lobsters (Homarus gammarus) in a local stock off southwestern Norway.CrossRef |

Agnalt, A. L., Farestveit, E., Gundersen, K., Jorstad, K. E., and Kristiansen, T. S. (2009). Population characteristics of the world’s northernmost stocks of European lobster (Homarus gammarus) in Tysfjord and Nordfolda, northern Norway. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 43, 47–57.
Population characteristics of the world’s northernmost stocks of European lobster (Homarus gammarus) in Tysfjord and Nordfolda, northern Norway.CrossRef |

Alldredge, A. L., Robison, B. H., Fleminger, A., Torres, J. J., King, J. M., and Hamner, W. M. (1984). Direct sampling and in situ observation of a persistent copepod aggregation in the mesopelagic zone of the Santa Barbara Basin. Marine Biology 80, 75–81.
Direct sampling and in situ observation of a persistent copepod aggregation in the mesopelagic zone of the Santa Barbara Basin.CrossRef |

Altmann, J. (1974). Observational study of behavior: sampling methods. Behaviour 49, 227–267.
Observational study of behavior: sampling methods.CrossRef | 4597405PubMed |

Bannister, R. C. A., Addison, J. T., and Lovewell, S. R. J. (1994). Growth, movement, recapture rate and survival of hatchery-reared lobsters (Homarus gammarus (Linnaeus, 1758)) released into the wild on the English east coast. Crustaceana 67, 156–172.
Growth, movement, recapture rate and survival of hatchery-reared lobsters (Homarus gammarus (Linnaeus, 1758)) released into the wild on the English east coast.CrossRef |

Barans, C. A., Arendt, M. D., Moore, T., and Schmidt, D. (2005). Remote video revisited: a visual technique for conducting long-term monitoring of reef fishes on the continental shelf. Marine Technology Society Journal 39, 110–118.
Remote video revisited: a visual technique for conducting long-term monitoring of reef fishes on the continental shelf.CrossRef |

Berge, J. A., Amundsen, R., Bergeland, K., Bjerkeng, B., Gitmark, J., Holt, T. F., Hylland, K., Johnsen, T. M., Kroglund, T., Ledang, A. B., Lømsland, E. R., Magnusson, J., Rohrlack, T., and Sørensen, K. (2012). Overvåking av Indre Oslofjord i 2011. NIVA, Rapport lnr. pp. 6371–2012, Norwegian Institute for Water Research, Oslo.

Bruno, M., Barnes, S., and Goldsmith, T. (1977). The visual pigment and visual cycle of the lobster, Homarus. Journal of Comparative Physiology 120, 123–142.
The visual pigment and visual cycle of the lobster, Homarus.CrossRef |

Cardona, L., Revelles, M., Carreras, C., San Félix, M., Gazo, M., and Aguilar, A. (2005). Western Mediterranean immature loggerhead turtles: habitat use in spring and summer assessed through satellite tracking and aerial surveys. Marine Biology 147, 583–591.
Western Mediterranean immature loggerhead turtles: habitat use in spring and summer assessed through satellite tracking and aerial surveys.CrossRef |

Carothers, J. H., and Jaksić, F. M. (1984). Time as a niche difference: the role of interference competition. Oikos 42, 403–406.
Time as a niche difference: the role of interference competition.CrossRef |

Chapman, C. J., and Rice, A. L. (1971). Some direct observations on the ecology and behaviour of the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus. Marine Biology 10, 321–329.
Some direct observations on the ecology and behaviour of the Norway lobster Nephrops norvegicus.CrossRef |

Coyne, M. S., and Godley, B. J. (2005). Satellite tracking and analysis tool (STAT): an integrated system for archiving, analyzing and mapping animal tracking data. Marine Ecology Progress Series 301, 1–7.
Satellite tracking and analysis tool (STAT): an integrated system for archiving, analyzing and mapping animal tracking data.CrossRef |

Dayton, P. K., Thrush, S. F., Agardy, M. T., and Hofman, R. J. (1995). Environmental effects of marine fishing. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 5, 205–232.
Environmental effects of marine fishing.CrossRef |

Dearden, P., Theberge, M., and Yasue, M. (2010). Using underwater cameras to assess the effects of snorkeler and SCUBA diver presence on coral reef fish abundance, family richness, and species composition. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 163, 531–538.
Using underwater cameras to assess the effects of snorkeler and SCUBA diver presence on coral reef fish abundance, family richness, and species composition.CrossRef | 19353295PubMed |

Dybern, B. I. (1973). Lobster burrows in Swedish waters. Helgoland Marine Research 24, 401–414.
Lobster burrows in Swedish waters.CrossRef |

Golet, W. J., Scopel, D. A., Cooper, A. B., and Watson, W. H. (2006). Daily patterns of locomotion expressed by American lobsters (Homarus americanus) in their natural habitat. Journal of Crustacean Biology 26, 610–620.
Daily patterns of locomotion expressed by American lobsters (Homarus americanus) in their natural habitat.CrossRef |

Hallbäck, H., and Warén, A. (1972). Food ecology of lobster, Homarus vulgaris, in Swedish waters. Some preliminary results. International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Shellfish and Benthos Committe, C.M. 1972/K:29.

Hamner, W. M. (1975). Underwater observations of blue-water plankton: logistics, techniques, and safety procedures for divers at sea. Limnology and Oceanography 20, 1045–1051.
Underwater observations of blue-water plankton: logistics, techniques, and safety procedures for divers at sea.CrossRef |

Holthuis, L. B. (1991). Marine lobsters of the world: an annotated and illustrated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries known to date. FAQ species catalogue. FAQ Fisheries Synopsis 125, 1–292.

Jury, S. H., Howell, H., O’Grady, D. F., and Watson, W. H. (2001). Lobster trap video: in situ video surveillance of the behaviour of Homarus americanus in and around traps. Marine and Freshwater Research 52, 1125–1132.
Lobster trap video: in situ video surveillance of the behaviour of Homarus americanus in and around traps.CrossRef |

Jury, S. H., Chabot, C. C., and Watson Iii, W. H. (2005). Daily and circadian rhythms of locomotor activity in the American lobster, Homarus americanus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 318, 61–70.
Daily and circadian rhythms of locomotor activity in the American lobster, Homarus americanus.CrossRef |

Knutsen, J. A., Pettersen, A. R., Enersen, S. E., Heuch, P. A., Karlsbakk, E., Moland, E., Jørstad, K. E., Langeland, T., and Agnalt, A. L. (2009). Hummer. In ‘Kyst og Havbruk 2009: Fisken og Havet’. (Eds A. L. Agnalt, I. Bakketeig, T. Haug, J. A. Knutsen and I. Opstad.) pp. 99–101. (Havforskningsinstituttet: Bergen, Norway.)

Lindström, M. (2000). Seasonal changes in the underwater light milieu in a Finnish Baltic sea coastal locality. Geophysica 36, 215–232.

Mente, E., Houlihan, D. F., and Smith, K. (2001). Growth, feeding frequency, protein turnover, and amino acid metabolism in European lobster Homarus gammarus L. The Journal of Experimental Zoology 289, 419–432.
Growth, feeding frequency, protein turnover, and amino acid metabolism in European lobster Homarus gammarus L.CrossRef | 11351329PubMed |

Moland, E., Olsen, E. M., Knutsen, H., Knutsen, J. A., Enersen, S. E., Andre, C., and Stenseth, N. C. (2011a). Activity patterns of wild European lobster Homarus gammarus in coastal marine reserves: implications for future reserve design. Marine Ecology Progress Series 429, 197–207.
Activity patterns of wild European lobster Homarus gammarus in coastal marine reserves: implications for future reserve design.CrossRef |

Moland, E., Olsen, E. M., Andvord, K., Knutsen, J. A., and Stenseth, N. C. (2011b). Home range of European lobster (Homarus gammarus) in a marine reserve: implications for future reserve design. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 68, 1197–1210.
Home range of European lobster (Homarus gammarus) in a marine reserve: implications for future reserve design.CrossRef |

Mueller, R., Brown, R., Hop, H., and Moulton, L. (2006). Video and acoustic camera techniques for studying fish under ice: a review and comparison. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 16, 213–226.
Video and acoustic camera techniques for studying fish under ice: a review and comparison.CrossRef |

Oug, E., Brattegard, T., Vader, W., Christiansen, M., Walseng, B., and Djursvoll, P. (2010). Krepsdyr - Crustacea. In ‘The 2010 Norwegian Red List for Species. Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre, Norway’. (Eds J. A. Kålås, Å. Viken, S. Henriksen and S. Skjelseth.) pp. 209–222. (Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre,:Trondheim.)

Perry, A. L., Low, P. J., Ellis, J. R., and Reynolds, J. D. (2005). Climate change and distribution shifts in marine fishes. Science 308, 1912–1915.
Climate change and distribution shifts in marine fishes.CrossRef | 15890845PubMed |

Pinheiro, J. C., and Bates, D. M. (2000). ‘Mixed-effects Models in S and S-PLUS.’ (Springer: New York.)

Roth, H. U., and Huber, D. (1986). Diel activity of brown bears in Plitvice Lakes National Park, Yugoslavia. Bears: Their Biology and Management 6, 177–181.
Diel activity of brown bears in Plitvice Lakes National Park, Yugoslavia.CrossRef |

Schrieve, G. D., Melish, G. G., and Ullman, A. H. (1991). The Herschel-infrared – a useful part of the spectrum. Applied Spectroscopy 45, 711–713.
The Herschel-infrared – a useful part of the spectrum.CrossRef |

Skalak, S. L., Sherwin, R. E., and Brigham, R. M. (2012). Sampling period, size and duration influence measures of bat species richness from acoustic surveys. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3, 490–502.
Sampling period, size and duration influence measures of bat species richness from acoustic surveys.CrossRef |

Smith, I. P., Collins, K. J., and Jensen, A. C. (1998). Movement and activity patterns of the European lobster, Homarus gammarus, revealed by electromagnetic telemetry. Marine Biology 132, 611–623.
Movement and activity patterns of the European lobster, Homarus gammarus, revealed by electromagnetic telemetry.CrossRef |

Smith, I. P., Collins, K. J., and Jensen, A. C. (1999). Seasonal changes in the level and diel pattern of activity in the European lobster Homarus gammarus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 186, 255–264.
Seasonal changes in the level and diel pattern of activity in the European lobster Homarus gammarus.CrossRef |

Spampinato, C., Chen-Burger, Y. H., Nadarajan, G., and Fisher, R. B. (2008). Detecting, tracking and counting fish in low quality unconstrained underwater videos. In ‘Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computer Vision Theory and Applications, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, 22–25 January 2008. Volume 2’. pp. 514–519. INSTICC – Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication.

Steen, R. (2009). A portable digital video surveillance system to monitor prey deliveries at raptor nests. The Journal of Raptor Research 43, 69–74.
A portable digital video surveillance system to monitor prey deliveries at raptor nests.CrossRef |

Steen, R. (2012). Pollination of Platanthera chlorantha (Orchidaceae): new video registration of a hawkmoth (Sphingidae). Nordic Journal of Botany 30, 623–626.
Pollination of Platanthera chlorantha (Orchidaceae): new video registration of a hawkmoth (Sphingidae).CrossRef |

Steen, R., and Aase, A. L. T. O. (2011). Portable digital video surveillance system for monitoring flower-visiting bumblebees. Journal of Pollination Ecology 5, 90–94.

Storbeck, F., and Daan, B. (2001). Fish species recognition using computer vision and a neural network. Fisheries Research 51, 11–15.
Fish species recognition using computer vision and a neural network.CrossRef |

Vecchione, M., and Roper, C. F. E. (1991). Cephalopods observed from submersibles in the western North Atlantic. Bulletin of Marine Science 49, 433–445.

Wickins, J. F., Roberts, J. C., and Heasman, M. S. (1996). Within-burrow behaviour of juvenile European lobsters Homarus gammarus (L.). Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 28, 229–253.
Within-burrow behaviour of juvenile European lobsters Homarus gammarus (L.).CrossRef |

Wolff, T. (1978). Maximum size of lobsters (Homarus) (Decapoda, Nephropidae). Crustaceana 34, 1–14.
Maximum size of lobsters (Homarus) (Decapoda, Nephropidae).CrossRef |



Rent Article (via Deepdyve) Supplementary MaterialSupplementary Material (1.8 MB) Export Citation Cited By (3)

View Altmetrics