Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Dormant propagule banks of aquatic invertebrates in ponds invaded by exotic pine species in southern Brazil

Cristina Stenert A D , Bruna Ehlert A , Arthur Cardoso Ávila A , Francisco Diogo Rocha Sousa B , Fernanda Mara Esquinatti A , Darold Paul Batzer C and Leonardo Maltchik A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos (UNISINOS), Laboratory of Ecology and Conservation of Aquatic Ecosystems, Avenida Unisinos 950, Bairro Cristo Rei, CEP 93022-000, São Leopoldo, RS, Brazil.

B Núcleo de Estudos em Biodiversidade Aquática, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biodiversidade Animal, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, UFSM, Avenida Roraima 1000, Camobi, CEP 97105-900, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.

C Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, 413 Biological Sciences Building, Athens, GA 30602-2603, USA.

D Corresponding author. Email: cstenert@unisinos.br

Marine and Freshwater Research 68(5) 954-963 https://doi.org/10.1071/MF16067
Submitted: 9 October 2015  Accepted: 10 May 2016   Published: 27 July 2016

Abstract

Exotic pine invasion affects native wetland communities in the Southern Hemisphere by changing the hydrological regimen and physicochemical characteristics. Studies evaluating the emergence of aquatic invertebrates from dormant stages are vital to identify the resilience of aquatic communities in ponds invaded by exotic pine species. In the present study, we tested the hypotheses that: (1) pine invasion decreases the richness of drought-resistant aquatic invertebrates in ponds; (2) pine invasion modifies the invertebrate composition in ponds; and (3) these differences in species composition (β diversity) are associated primarily with species turnover. Dry sediment samples were collected from three natural ponds in native grassland and three ponds in a pine invasion matrix in southern Brazil. In all, 7205 invertebrates, primarily represented by cladocerans (18 species), were sampled after rewetting dry sediments. Pine invasion decreased the richness of aquatic invertebrates because the natural ponds had almost 60% more species and a higher number of estimated species than the pine ponds. The composition differed between natural and pine ponds, and this difference in species composition (β diversity) was associated primarily with the replacement of some species by others. The presence of pine appears to alter colonisation and survival rates of aquatic invertebrates that aestivate in dry sediments in southern Brazil wetlands.

Additional keywords: cladoceran, diapause, ephippial eggs, resistance, wetlands.


References

ABRAF (2011). ‘Statistical Yearbook, Base Year.’ (Associação Brasileira de Produtores de Florestas Plantadas: Brasília, Brazil.)

Alekseev, V., and Lampert, W. (2001). Maternal control of resting egg production in Daphnia. Nature 414, 899–901.
Maternal control of resting egg production in Daphnia.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38XhtlOhsA%3D%3D&md5=a0336ad61b9ea9fd7f95346215d28ec9CAS | 11780060PubMed |

Angeler, D. G., and García, G. (2005). Using emergence from soil propagule banks as indicators of ecological integrity in wetlands, advantages and limitations. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 24, 740–752.
Using emergence from soil propagule banks as indicators of ecological integrity in wetlands, advantages and limitations.CrossRef |

Aránguiz-Acuña, A., and Ramos-Jiliberto, R. (2014). Diapause may promote coexistence between zooplankton competitors. Journal of Plankton Research 36, 978–988.
Diapause may promote coexistence between zooplankton competitors.CrossRef |

Araújo, M. B., Ferri-Yáñez, F., Bozinovic, F., Marquet, P. A., Valladares, F., and Chown, S. L. (2013). Heat freezes niche evolution. Ecology Letters 16, 1206–1219.
Heat freezes niche evolution.CrossRef | 23869696PubMed |

Audet, C., MacPhee, S., and Keller, W. (2013). Constructed ponds colonised by crustacean zooplankton: local and regional influences. Journal of Limnology 72, 524–530.
Constructed ponds colonised by crustacean zooplankton: local and regional influences.CrossRef |

Ávila, A. C., Boelter, T., Martins dos Santos, R., Stenert, C., Würdig, N. L., Rocha, O., and Maltchik, L. (2015). The effects of different rice cultivation systems and ages on resting stages of wetland invertebrates in southern Brazil. Marine and Freshwater Research 66, 276–285.
The effects of different rice cultivation systems and ages on resting stages of wetland invertebrates in southern Brazil.CrossRef |

Barwell, L. J., Isaac, N. J. B., and Kunin, W. E. (2015). Measuring β-diversity with species abundance data. Journal of Animal Ecology 84, 1112–1122.
Measuring β-diversity with species abundance data.CrossRef | 25732937PubMed |

Baselga, A. (2010). Partitioning the turnover and nestedness components of beta diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography 19, 134–143.
Partitioning the turnover and nestedness components of beta diversity.CrossRef |

Baselga, A. (2012). The relationship between species replacement, dissimilarity derived from nestedness, and nestedness. Global Ecology and Biogeography 21, 1223–1232.
The relationship between species replacement, dissimilarity derived from nestedness, and nestedness.CrossRef |

Brendonck, L., and De Meester, L. (2003). Egg banks in freshwater zooplankton, evolutionary and ecological archives in the sediment. Hydrobiologia 491, 65–84.
Egg banks in freshwater zooplankton, evolutionary and ecological archives in the sediment.CrossRef |

Brown, S. C., and Batzer, D. P. (2001). Birds, plants, and macroinvertebrates as indicators of restoration success in New York marshes. In ‘Bioassessment and Management of North American Freshwater Wetlands’. (Eds R. B. Rader, D. P. Batzer, and S. A. Wissinger.) pp. 237–248. (Wiley: New York.)

Bustamante, R. O., and Simonetti, J. A. (2005). Is Pinus radiata invading the native vegetation in central Chile? Demographic responses in a fragmented forest. Biological Invasions 7, 243–249.
Is Pinus radiata invading the native vegetation in central Chile? Demographic responses in a fragmented forest.CrossRef |

Cáceres, C. E. (1998). Interspecific variation in the abundance, production, and emergence of Daphnia diapausing eggs. Ecology 79, 1699–1710.
Interspecific variation in the abundance, production, and emergence of Daphnia diapausing eggs.CrossRef |

Cáceres, C. E., and Tessier, A. J. (2004). Incidence of diapause varies among populations of Daphnia pulicaria. Oecologia 141, 425–431.
Incidence of diapause varies among populations of Daphnia pulicaria.CrossRef | 15375690PubMed |

Chiarucci, A., Bacaro, G., and Scheiner, S. M. (2011). Old and new challenges in using species diversity for assessing biodiversity. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London – B. Biological Sciences 366, 2426–2437.
Old and new challenges in using species diversity for assessing biodiversity.CrossRef | 21768157PubMed |

Clarke, K. R., and Warwick, R. M. (2001). ‘Change in Marine Communities, an Approach to Statistical Analysis and Interpretation.’ (PRIMER-E: Plymouth, UK.)

Colwell, R. K., Mao, C. X., and Chang, J. (2004). Interpolating, extrapolating, and comparing incidence-based species accumulation curves. Ecology 85, 2717–2727.
Interpolating, extrapolating, and comparing incidence-based species accumulation curves.CrossRef |

Cottenie, K., Nuytten, N., Michels, E., and De Meester, L. (2003). Zooplankton metacommunity structure, regional versus local biotic and abiotic processes in a set of interconnected ponds. Ecology 84, 991–1000.
Zooplankton metacommunity structure, regional versus local biotic and abiotic processes in a set of interconnected ponds.CrossRef |

Declerck, S. A. J., Bakker, E. S., van Lith, B., Kersbergen, A., and van Donk, E. (2011). Effects of nutrient additions and macrophyte composition on invertebrate community assembly and diversity in experimental ponds. Basic and Applied Ecology 12, 466–475.
Effects of nutrient additions and macrophyte composition on invertebrate community assembly and diversity in experimental ponds.CrossRef |

Dumont, H. J., and Negrea, S. V. (2002). ‘Introduction to the Class Branchiopoda.’ (Backhuys Publishers: Leiden, Netherlands.)

Ekvall, M. K., and Hansson, L. A. (2012). Differences in recruitment and life-history strategy alter zooplankton spring dynamics under climate-change conditions. PLoS One 7, e44614.
Differences in recruitment and life-history strategy alter zooplankton spring dynamics under climate-change conditions.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC38XhtlCitrrM&md5=095f86f2fef959befe730872c8fe530cCAS | 22970267PubMed |

Ellner, S., and Hairston, N. G. (1994). Role of overlapping generations in maintaining genetic variation in a fluctuating environment. American Naturalist 143, 403–417.
Role of overlapping generations in maintaining genetic variation in a fluctuating environment.CrossRef |

Elmoor-Loureiro, M. A. L. (1997). ‘Manual de identificação de cladóceros límnicos do Brasil.’ (Editora Universia: Brasília, Brazil.)

Figuerola, J., Green, A. J., and Santamaría, L. (2003). Passive internal transport of aquatic organisms by waterfowl in Doñana, south-west Spain. Global Ecology and Biogeography 12, 427–436.
Passive internal transport of aquatic organisms by waterfowl in Doñana, south-west Spain.CrossRef |

Finlayson, C. M., Davidson, N. C., Spiers, A. G., and Stevenson, N. J. (1999). Global wetland inventory, status and priorities. Marine and Freshwater Research 50, 717–727.
Global wetland inventory, status and priorities.CrossRef |

Gao, Z., Zhang, Z., and Zhang, X. (2009). Responses of water yield to changes in vegetation at a temporal scale. Frontiers of Forestry in China 4, 53–59.
Responses of water yield to changes in vegetation at a temporal scale.CrossRef |

Gaston, K. J., and Blackburn, T. M. (2000). ‘Pattern and Process in Macroecology.’ (Blackwell Science: Oxford, UK.)

Gleason, R. A., Euliss, N. H., Hubbard, D. E., and Duffy, W. G. (2003). Effects of sediment load on emergence of aquatic invertebrates and plants from wetland soil egg and seed banks. Wetlands 23, 26–34.
Effects of sediment load on emergence of aquatic invertebrates and plants from wetland soil egg and seed banks.CrossRef |

Gleason, R. A., Euliss, N. H., Hubbard, D. E., and Duffy, W. G. (2004). Invertebrate egg banks of restored, natural, and drained wetlands in the prairie pothole region of the United States. Wetlands 24, 562–572.
Invertebrate egg banks of restored, natural, and drained wetlands in the prairie pothole region of the United States.CrossRef |

Gotelli, N. J., and Colwell, R. K. (2001). Quantifying biodiversity, procedures and pitfalls in the measurement and comparison of species richness. Ecology Letters 4, 379–391.
Quantifying biodiversity, procedures and pitfalls in the measurement and comparison of species richness.CrossRef |

Green, A. J., Jenkins, K. M., Bell, D., Morris, P. J., and Kingsford, R. T. (2008). The potential role of waterbirds in dispersing invertebrates and plants in arid Australia. Freshwater Biology 53, 380–392.

Gurtz, E. G., and Wallace, J. B. (1984). Substrate-mediated response of stream invertebrates to disturbance. Ecology 65, 1556–1569.
Substrate-mediated response of stream invertebrates to disturbance.CrossRef |

Hairston, N. G. (1996). Zooplankton egg banks as biotic reservoirs in changing environments. Limnology and Oceanography 41, 1087–1092.
Zooplankton egg banks as biotic reservoirs in changing environments.CrossRef |

Hudec, I. (2000). Subgeneric differentiation within Kurzia (Crustacea, Anomopoda, Chydoridae) and a new species from Central America. Hydrobiologia 421, 165–178.
Subgeneric differentiation within Kurzia (Crustacea, Anomopoda, Chydoridae) and a new species from Central America.CrossRef |

Jenkins, K. M., and Boulton, A. J. (2007). Detecting impacts and setting restoration targets in arid-zone rivers, aquatic micro-invertebrate responses to reduced floodplain inundation. Journal of Applied Ecology 44, 823–832.
Detecting impacts and setting restoration targets in arid-zone rivers, aquatic micro-invertebrate responses to reduced floodplain inundation.CrossRef |

Jeppesen, E., Jensen, J. P., Lauridsen, T. L., Amsinck, S. L., Christoffersen, K., Sondergaard, M., and Mitchell, S. F. (2003). Subfossils of cladocerans in the surface sediment of 135 lakes as proxies for community structure of zooplankton, fish abundance and lake temperature. Hydrobiologia 491, 321–330.
Subfossils of cladocerans in the surface sediment of 135 lakes as proxies for community structure of zooplankton, fish abundance and lake temperature.CrossRef |

Korovchinsky, N. M. (1992). ‘Sididae and Holopediidae (Crustacea, Daphniiformes). Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World’, Vol. 3. (SPB Academic Publishing.)

Kotov, A. A., and Štifter, P. (2006). ‘Cladocera, Family Ilyocryptidae (Branchiopoda, Cladocera, Anomopoda). Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of the Continental Waters of the World’, Vol. 22. (Backhuys Publishers.)

Kotov, A. A., Garfias-Espejo, T., and Elías-Gutiérrez, M. (2004). Separation of two Neotropical species, Macrothrix superaculeata (Smirnov, 1982) versus M. elegans Sars, 1901 (Macrothricidae, Anomopoda, Cladocera). Hydrobiologia 517, 61–88.
Separation of two Neotropical species, Macrothrix superaculeata (Smirnov, 1982) versus M. elegans Sars, 1901 (Macrothricidae, Anomopoda, Cladocera).CrossRef |

Lampert, W., and Sommer, U. (1997). ‘Limnology, the Ecology of Lakes and Streams.’ (Oxford University: New York.)

Lima, W. P. (1993). ‘Impacto Ambiental do Eucalipto.’ (EDUSP: São Paulo.)

Machado, I. F., Moreira, L. F. B., and Maltchik, L. (2012). Effects of pine invasion on anurans assemblage in southern Brazil coastal ponds. Amphibia-Reptilia 33, 227–237.
Effects of pine invasion on anurans assemblage in southern Brazil coastal ponds.CrossRef |

Maltchik, L., Costa, E. S., Becker, C. G., and Oliveira, A. E. (2003). Inventory of wetlands of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil). Pesquisas: Botânica 53, 89–100.

McKinney, M. L. (2004). Do exotics homogenize or differentiate communities? Roles of sampling and exotic species richness. Biological Invasions 6, 495–504.
Do exotics homogenize or differentiate communities? Roles of sampling and exotic species richness.CrossRef |

McKinney, M. L., and Lockwood, J. L. (1999). Biotic homogenization, a few winners replacing many losers in the next mass extinction. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 14, 450–453.
Biotic homogenization, a few winners replacing many losers in the next mass extinction.CrossRef |

Morris, K. (2012). ‘Wetland Connectivity, Understanding the Dispersal of Organisms that Occur in Victoria’s Wetlands.’ (Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research, Department of Sustainability and Environment.)

Naranjo, L. G. (1995). An evaluation of the first inventory of South American wetlands. Vegetatio 118, 125–129.
An evaluation of the first inventory of South American wetlands.CrossRef |

Nielsen, D. L., Smith, F. J., Hillman, T. J., and Shiel, R. J. (2000). Impact of water regime and fish predation on zooplankton resting egg production and emergence. Journal of Plankton Research 22, 433–446.
Impact of water regime and fish predation on zooplankton resting egg production and emergence.CrossRef |

Nosetto, M. D., Jobbágy, E. G., and Paruelo, J. M. (2005). Land-use change and water losses, the case of grassland afforestation across a soil textural gradient in central Argentina. Global Change Biology 11, 1101–1117.
Land-use change and water losses, the case of grassland afforestation across a soil textural gradient in central Argentina.CrossRef |

Olden, J. D., Poff, N. L., and Bestgen, K. (2006). Life-history strategies predict fish invasions and extirpations in the Colorado river basin. Ecological Monographs 76, 25–40.
Life-history strategies predict fish invasions and extirpations in the Colorado river basin.CrossRef |

Olmo, C., Armengol, X., and Ortells, R. (2012). Re-establishment of zooplankton communities in temporary ponds after autumn flooding. Does restoration age matter? Limnologica 42, 310–319.
Re-establishment of zooplankton communities in temporary ponds after autumn flooding. Does restoration age matter?CrossRef |

Orlova-Bienkowskaja, M. J. (2001). ‘Cladocera, Anomopoda – Daphniidae, Genus Simocephalus. Guides to the Identification of the Microinvertebrates of Continental Waters of the World’, Vol. 17. (Backhuys Publishers.)

Panarelli, E. A., Casanova, S. M. C., and Henry, R. (2008). The role of resting eggs in the recovery of zooplankton community in a marginal lake of the Paranapanema River (São Paulo, Brazil), after a long drought period. Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia 20, 73–88.

Perello, L. F. C., Guadagnin, D. L., Maltchik, L., Menezes, R. B., Stranz, A., and Santos, J. E. (2010). Os desafios para a conservação do Parque Nacional da Lagoa do Peixe, RS. In ‘Faces da Posissemia da Paisagem, Ecologia, Planejamento e Percepção’. (Eds J. E. Santos, E. M. Zanin, and L. E. Moschini.) pp. 135–151. (Rima: São Carlos, Brazil.)

Qian, H., Ricklefs, R. E., and White, P. S. (2005). Beta diversity of angiosperms in temperate floras of eastern Asia and eastern North America. Ecology Letters 8, 15–22.
Beta diversity of angiosperms in temperate floras of eastern Asia and eastern North America.CrossRef |

Rambo, B. (2000). ‘A Fisionomia do Rio Grande do Sul.’ (Unisinos: São Leopoldo.)

Richardson, D. M. (1998). Forestry trees as invasive aliens. Conservation Biology 12, 18–26.
Forestry trees as invasive aliens.CrossRef |

Richardson, D. M., Williams, P. A., and Hobbs, R. J. (1994). Pine invasions in the southern hemisphere, determinants of spread and invasibility. Journal of Biogeography 21, 511–527.
Pine invasions in the southern hemisphere, determinants of spread and invasibility.CrossRef |

Rolon, A. S., Rocha, O., and Maltchik, L. (2011). Does pine occurrence influence the macrophyte assemblage in Southern Brazil ponds? Hydrobiologia 675, 157–165.
Does pine occurrence influence the macrophyte assemblage in Southern Brazil ponds?CrossRef |

Santangelo, J. M. (2009). ‘Produção, Eclosão e Implicações Ecológicas e Evolutivas dos Estágios Dormentes do Zooplâncton.’ (Sociedade Brasileira de Limnologia: Porto Alegre, Brazil.)

Sarma, S. S. S., Nandini, S., and Gulati, R. D. (2005). Life history strategies of cladocerans: comparisons of tropical and temperate taxa. Hydrobiologia 542, 315–333.
Life history strategies of cladocerans: comparisons of tropical and temperate taxa.CrossRef |

Sinev, A. Y., and Hollwedel, W. (2005). Translocation of Alona muelleri Richard, 1897 into the genus Karualona Dumont and Silva-Briano, 2000 (Branchiopoda, Anomopoda, Chydoridae). Arthropoda Selecta 14, 93–101.

Sinev, A. Y., Kotov, A. A., and Van Damme, K. (2004). Morphology of a Neotropical cladoceran Alona dentifera (Sars, 1901), and its position within the Chydoridae Stebbing, 1902 (Branchiopoda, Anomopoda). Arthropoda Selecta 13, 99–107.

Smirnov, N. N. (1992). ‘The Macrothricidae of the World.’ (SPB Academic Publishing.)

Smirnov, N. N. (1996). ‘Cladocera. The Chydorinae and Sayciinae (Chydoridae) of the World.’ (SPB Academic Publishing.)

Smirnov, N. N., Zharov, A. A., Izvekova, E. I., and Markevich, G. N. (2013). Changes in the zoocenosis of Lake Kronotskoe in the Late Holocene. Doklady Biological Sciences 453, 383–386.
Changes in the zoocenosis of Lake Kronotskoe in the Late Holocene.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DC%2BC2czhsFaisg%3D%3D&md5=a3619994654a849a0ddc176ec317569fCAS | 24385177PubMed |

Spaak, T., Denk, A., Boersma, M., and Weider, L. J. (2004). Spatial and temporal patterns of sexual reproduction in a hybrid Daphnia species complex. Journal of Plankton Research 26, 625–635.
Spatial and temporal patterns of sexual reproduction in a hybrid Daphnia species complex.CrossRef |

Stanczak, M., and Keiper, J. B. (2004). Benthic invertebrates in adjacent created and natural wetlands in northeastern Ohio, USA. Wetlands 24, 212–218.
Benthic invertebrates in adjacent created and natural wetlands in northeastern Ohio, USA.CrossRef |

Stenert, C., Bacca, R. C., Ávila, A. C., Maltchik, L., and Rocha, O. (2010). Do hydrologic regimes used in rice fields compromise the viability of resting stages of aquatic invertebrates? Wetlands 30, 989–996.
Do hydrologic regimes used in rice fields compromise the viability of resting stages of aquatic invertebrates?CrossRef |

Stenert, C., Bacca, R. C., Moraes, A. B., de Ávila, A. C., and Maltchik, L. (2012). Negative effects of exotic pine invasion on macroinvertebrate communities in Southern Brazil coastal ponds. Marine and Freshwater Research 63, 283–292.
Negative effects of exotic pine invasion on macroinvertebrate communities in Southern Brazil coastal ponds.CrossRef |

Stone, M. K., and Wallace, J. B. (1998). Long-term recovery of a mountain stream from clear-cut logging: the effects of forest succession on benthic invertebrate community structure. Freshwater Biology 39, 151–169.
Long-term recovery of a mountain stream from clear-cut logging: the effects of forest succession on benthic invertebrate community structure.CrossRef |

Tagliani, P. R. A. (1995). Estratégia de planificação ambiental para o sistema ecológico da restinga da Lagoa dos Patos – Planície costeira do Rio Grande do Sul. Ph.D. Thesis, Universidade Federal de São Carlos.

Ulrich, W., and Gotelli, N. J. (2007). Disentangling community patterns of nestedness and species co-occurrence. Oikos 116, 2053–2061.
Disentangling community patterns of nestedness and species co-occurrence.CrossRef |

Van Damme, K., Kotov, A., and Dumont, H. J. (2005). Redescription of Leydigia parva Daday, 1905 and assignment to Parvalona gen. nov. (Cladocera, Anomopoda, Chydoridae). Journal of Natural History 39, 2125–2136.
Redescription of Leydigia parva Daday, 1905 and assignment to Parvalona gen. nov. (Cladocera, Anomopoda, Chydoridae).CrossRef |

Van Damme, K., Sinev, A. Y., and Dumont, H. J. (2011). Separation of Anthalona gen.n. from Alona Baird, 1843 (Branchiopoda, Cladocera, Anomopoda), morphology and evolution of scraping stenothermic aloninaes. Zootaxa 2875, 1–64.

Vandekerkhove, J., Declerck, S., Brendonck, L., Conde-Porcuna, J. M., Jeppesen, E., and De Meester, L. (2005). Hatching of cladoceran resting eggs, temperature and photoperiod. Freshwater Biology 50, 96–104.
Hatching of cladoceran resting eggs, temperature and photoperiod.CrossRef |

Vanschoenwinkel, B., De Vries, C., Seaman, M., and Brendonck, L. (2007). The role of metacommunity processes in shaping invertebrate rock pool communities along a dispersal gradient. Oikos 116, 1255–1266.
The role of metacommunity processes in shaping invertebrate rock pool communities along a dispersal gradient.CrossRef |

Williams, D. D. (2006). ‘The Biology of Temporary Waters.’ (Oxford University Press.)

Wissinger, S. A. (1999). Ecology of wetland invertebrates. In ‘Invertebrates in Freshwater Wetlands of North America, Ecology and Management’. (Eds D. P. Batzer, R. R. Rader, and S. A. Wissinger.) pp. 1043–1086. (Wiley: New York.)

Wright, D. H., and Reeves, J. H. (1992). On the meaning and measurement of nestedness of species assemblages. Oecologia 92, 416–428.
On the meaning and measurement of nestedness of species assemblages.CrossRef |

Zhang, L., Dawes, W. R., and Walker, G. R. (2001). Response of mean annual evapotranspiration to vegetation changes at catchment scale. Water Resources Research 37, 701–708.
Response of mean annual evapotranspiration to vegetation changes at catchment scale.CrossRef |



Rent Article (via Deepdyve) Export Citation Cited By (2)