Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effects of forest width on fish use of fringing mangroves in a highly urbanised tropical estuary

Kimberley Dunbar A D , Ronald Baker A B C and Marcus Sheaves A B
+ Author Affliations
- Author Affliations

A College of Marine and Environmental Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia.

B TropWATER, Centre for Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia.

C CSIRO Land and Water, ATSIP Building, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia.

D Corresponding author: Email: kimberley.dunbar@my.jcu.edu.au

Marine and Freshwater Research - https://doi.org/10.1071/MF16098
Submitted: 28 March 2016  Accepted: 9 December 2016   Published online: 2 February 2017

Abstract

The size and shape of a habitat patch can influence patterns of species utilisation. The present study examined how the width of fringing mangrove habitats affects the composition and use patterns of the fish assemblage using mangrove edge habitats on the flooding tide. Underwater cameras surveyed fish approaching mangrove habitats, ranging from a thin fringe 5 m wide to forests over 75 m wide, in a highly modified tropical estuary. The fish assemblage composition was similar across all mangrove widths, although the temporal patterns of use varied among mangrove widths for some species. The mean maximum number of individuals in the field of view was similar among mangrove widths, but fish were visible for a significantly greater proportion of time in videos from narrow (<20 m) than wide (≥20 m) mangrove stands (15 v. 3% respectively). At least some fish were visible in the field of view in narrow mangrove fringes throughout the first hour of the flood tide, whereas in wide mangroves areas the presence of fish declined over time. The findings suggest that estuarine fish are using mangrove edge habitat regardless of width, making narrow mangroves viable habitats for estuarine fish.

Additional keywords: edge effect, habitat width, mangrove restoration, nursery ground.


References

Al-Khayat, J. A., and Jones, D. A. (1999). A comparison of the macrofauna of natural and replanted mangroves in Qatar. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 49, 55–63.
A comparison of the macrofauna of natural and replanted mangroves in Qatar.CrossRef | open url image1

Blaber, S. J. M., Brewer, D. T., and Salini, J. P. (1989). Species composition and biomasses of fishes in different habitats of a tropical Northern Australian estuary: their occurrence in the adjoining sea and estuarine dependence. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 29, 509–531.
Species composition and biomasses of fishes in different habitats of a tropical Northern Australian estuary: their occurrence in the adjoining sea and estuarine dependence.CrossRef | open url image1

Bowden, D. A., Rowden, A. A., and Attrill, M. J. (2001). Effect of patch size and in-patch location on the infaunal macroinvertebrate assemblages of Zostera marina seagrass beds. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 259, 133–154.
Effect of patch size and in-patch location on the infaunal macroinvertebrate assemblages of Zostera marina seagrass beds.CrossRef | open url image1

Collinge, S. K. (1996). Ecological consequences of habitat fragmentation: implications for landscape architecture and planning. Landscape and Urban Planning 36, 59–77.
Ecological consequences of habitat fragmentation: implications for landscape architecture and planning.CrossRef | open url image1

Cooper, R. U., Clough, L. M., Farwell, M. A., and West, T. L. (2002). Hypoxia-induced metabolic and antioxidant enzymatic activities in the estuarine fish Leiostomus xanthurus. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 279, 1–20.
Hypoxia-induced metabolic and antioxidant enzymatic activities in the estuarine fish Leiostomus xanthurus.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38XptVOktrs%3D&md5=453f462c1a357bcd4df6b208ff62347eCAS | open url image1

Elliott, M., Whitfield, A. K., Potter, I. C., Blaber, S. J. M., Cyrus, D. P., Nordlie, F. G., and Harrison, T. D. (2007). The guild approach to categorizing estuarine fish assemblages: a global review. Fish and Fisheries 8, 241–268.
The guild approach to categorizing estuarine fish assemblages: a global review.CrossRef | open url image1

Ellis, W., and Bell, S. (2008). Tidal influence on a fringing mangrove intertidal fish community as observed by in situ video recording: implications for studies of tidally migrating nekton. Marine Ecology Progress Series 370, 207–219.
Tidal influence on a fringing mangrove intertidal fish community as observed by in situ video recording: implications for studies of tidally migrating nekton.CrossRef | open url image1

Faunce, C. H., and Serafy, J. E. (2006). Mangroves as fish habitat: 50 years of field studies. Marine Ecology Progress Series 318, 1–18.
Mangroves as fish habitat: 50 years of field studies.CrossRef | open url image1

Haas, H. L., Rose, K. A., Fry, B., Minello, T. J., and Rozas, L. P. (2004). Brown shrimp on the edge: linking habitat to survival using an individual-based simulation model. Ecological Applications 14, 1232–1247.
Brown shrimp on the edge: linking habitat to survival using an individual-based simulation model.CrossRef | open url image1

Harwell, H. D., Posey, M. H., and Alphin, T. D. (2011). Landscape aspects of oyster reefs: effects of fragmentation on habitat utilization. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 409, 30–41.
Landscape aspects of oyster reefs: effects of fragmentation on habitat utilization.CrossRef | open url image1

Jackson, E. L., Attrill, M. J., Rowden, A. A., and Jones, M. B. (2006). Seagrass complexity hierarchies: influence on fish groups around the coast of Jersey (English Channel). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 330, 38–54.
Seagrass complexity hierarchies: influence on fish groups around the coast of Jersey (English Channel).CrossRef | open url image1

King, D. I., Chandler, R. B., Collins, J. M., Petersen, W. R., and Lautzenheiser, T. E. (2009). Effects of width, edge and habitat on the abundance and nesting success of scrub–shrub birds in powerline corridors. Biological Conservation 142, 2672–2680.
Effects of width, edge and habitat on the abundance and nesting success of scrub–shrub birds in powerline corridors.CrossRef | open url image1

Knight, J. M., Griffin, L., Dale, P. E. R., and Sheaves, M. (2013). Short-term dissolved oxygen patterns in sub-tropical mangroves. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 131, 290–296.
Short-term dissolved oxygen patterns in sub-tropical mangroves.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BC3sXhtFGmtb%2FF&md5=3d698c46f7ec7257d6782a4cfca9091aCAS | open url image1

Krumme, U., and Saint-Paul, U. (2003). Observations of fish migration in a macrotidal mangrove channel in Northern Brazil using a 200-kHz split-beam sonar. Aquatic Living Resources 16, 175–184.
Observations of fish migration in a macrotidal mangrove channel in Northern Brazil using a 200-kHz split-beam sonar.CrossRef | open url image1

Kuriiwa, K., Hanzawa, N., Yoshino, T., Kimura, S., and Nishida, M. (2007). Phylogenetic relationships and natural hybridization in rabbitfishes (Teleostei: Siganidae) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA analyses. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45, 69–80.
Phylogenetic relationships and natural hybridization in rabbitfishes (Teleostei: Siganidae) inferred from mitochondrial and nuclear DNA analyses.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2sXhtVCmt7rN&md5=9813da786168cf64471a6aedc161766aCAS | open url image1

Lewis, R. R. (2000). Ecologically based goal setting in mangrove forest and tidal marsh restoration. Ecological Engineering 15, 191–198.
Ecologically based goal setting in mangrove forest and tidal marsh restoration.CrossRef | open url image1

MacDonald, J. A., Shahrestani, S., and Weis, J. S. (2009). Behavior and space utilization of two common fishes within Caribbean mangroves: implications for the protective function of mangrove habitats. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 84, 195–201.
Behavior and space utilization of two common fishes within Caribbean mangroves: implications for the protective function of mangrove habitats.CrossRef | open url image1

Mazda, Y., Sato, Y., Sawamoto, S., Yokochi, H., and Wolanski, E. (1990). Links between physical, chemical and biological processes in Bashita-minato, a mangrove swamp in Japan. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 31, 817–833.
Links between physical, chemical and biological processes in Bashita-minato, a mangrove swamp in Japan.CrossRef | 1:CAS:528:DyaK3MXksFKms7g%3D&md5=87c1b876faaa001e07413410d4d5dbafCAS | open url image1

Meager, J. J., Vance, D. J., Williamson, I., and Loneragan, N. R. (2003). Microhabitat distribution of juvenile Penaeus merguiensis de Man and other epibenthic crustaceans within a mangrove forest in subtropical Australia. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 294, 127–144.
Microhabitat distribution of juvenile Penaeus merguiensis de Man and other epibenthic crustaceans within a mangrove forest in subtropical Australia.CrossRef | open url image1

Meynecke, J., Poole, G. C., Werry, J., and Lee, S. Y. (2008). Use of PIT tag and underwater video recording in assessing estuarine fish movement in a high intertidal mangrove and salt marsh creek. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 79, 168–178.
Use of PIT tag and underwater video recording in assessing estuarine fish movement in a high intertidal mangrove and salt marsh creek.CrossRef | open url image1

Minello, T. J., and Rozas, L. P. (2002). Nekton in gulf coast wetlands: fine-scale distributions, landscape patterns, and restoration implications. Ecological Applications 12, 441–455.
Nekton in gulf coast wetlands: fine-scale distributions, landscape patterns, and restoration implications.CrossRef | open url image1

Minello, T. J., and Webb, J. W. (1997). Use of natural and created Spartina alterniflora salt marshes by fisheries species and other aquatic fauna in Galveston Bay, Texas, USA. Marine Ecology Progress Series 151, 165–179.
Use of natural and created Spartina alterniflora salt marshes by fisheries species and other aquatic fauna in Galveston Bay, Texas, USA.CrossRef | open url image1

Minello, T. J., Matthews, G. A., Caldwell, P. A., and Rozas, L. P. (2008). Population and production estimates for decapod crustaceans in wetlands of Galveston Bay, Texas. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 137, 129–146.
Population and production estimates for decapod crustaceans in wetlands of Galveston Bay, Texas.CrossRef | open url image1

Minello, T. J., Rozas, L. P., Caldwell, P. A., and Liese, C. (2012). A comparison of salt marsh construction costs with the value of exported shrimp production. Wetlands 32, 791–799.
A comparison of salt marsh construction costs with the value of exported shrimp production.CrossRef | open url image1

Nagelkerken, I., and Faunce, C. H. (2008). What makes mangroves attractive to fish? Use of artificial units to test the influence of water depth, cross-shelf location, and presence of root structure. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 79, 559–565.
What makes mangroves attractive to fish? Use of artificial units to test the influence of water depth, cross-shelf location, and presence of root structure.CrossRef | open url image1

Nagelkerken, I., Sheaves, M., Baker, R., and Connolly, R. (2015). The seascape nursery: a novel spatial approach to identify and manage nurseries for coastal marine fauna. Fish and Fisheries 16, 362–371.
The seascape nursery: a novel spatial approach to identify and manage nurseries for coastal marine fauna.CrossRef | open url image1

Parker, M., and Mac Nally, R. (2002). Habitat loss and the habitat fragmentation threshold: an experimental evaluation of impacts on richness and total abundances using grassland invertebrates. Biological Conservation 105, 217–229.
Habitat loss and the habitat fragmentation threshold: an experimental evaluation of impacts on richness and total abundances using grassland invertebrates.CrossRef | open url image1

Paterson, A. W., and Whitfield, A. K. (2000). Do shallow-water habitats function as refugia for juvenile fishes? Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 51, 359–364.
Do shallow-water habitats function as refugia for juvenile fishes?CrossRef | open url image1

Read, M. A., Miller, J. D., Bell, I. P., and Felton, A. (2004). The distribution and abundance of the estuarine crocodile, Crocodylus porosus, in Queensland. Wildlife Research 31, 527–534.
The distribution and abundance of the estuarine crocodile, Crocodylus porosus, in Queensland.CrossRef | open url image1

Robertson, A. I., and Duke, N. C. (1990). Mangrove fish-communities in tropical Queensland, Australia: spatial and temporal patterns in densities, biomass and community structure. Marine Biology 104, 369–379.
Mangrove fish-communities in tropical Queensland, Australia: spatial and temporal patterns in densities, biomass and community structure.CrossRef | open url image1

Rozas, L. P., and Minello, T. J. (2001). Marsh terracing as a wetland restoration tool for creating fishery habitat. Wetlands 21, 327–341.
Marsh terracing as a wetland restoration tool for creating fishery habitat.CrossRef | open url image1

Rozas, L. P., and Minello, T. J. (2007). Restoring coastal habitat using marsh terracing: the effect of cell size on nekton use. Wetlands 27, 595–609.
Restoring coastal habitat using marsh terracing: the effect of cell size on nekton use.CrossRef | open url image1

Rozas, L. P., and Minello, T. J. (2009). Using nekton growth as a metric for assessing habitat restoration by marsh terracing. Marine Ecology Progress Series 394, 179–193.
Using nekton growth as a metric for assessing habitat restoration by marsh terracing.CrossRef | open url image1

Sheaves, M. (1992). Patterns of distribution and abundance of fishes in different habitats of a mangrove-lined tropical estuary, as determined by fish trapping. Marine and Freshwater Research 43, 1461–1479.
Patterns of distribution and abundance of fishes in different habitats of a mangrove-lined tropical estuary, as determined by fish trapping.CrossRef | open url image1

Sheaves, M. (2006). Scale-dependent variation in composition of fish fauna among sandy tropical estuarine embayments. Marine Ecology Progress Series 310, 173–184.
Scale-dependent variation in composition of fish fauna among sandy tropical estuarine embayments.CrossRef | open url image1

Sheaves, M. (2009). Consequences of ecological connectivity: the coastal ecosystem mosaic. Marine Ecology Progress Series 391, 107–115.
Consequences of ecological connectivity: the coastal ecosystem mosaic.CrossRef | open url image1

Sheaves, M., and Molony, B. (2000). Short-circuit in the mangrove food chain. Marine Ecology Progress Series 199, 97–109.
Short-circuit in the mangrove food chain.CrossRef | open url image1

Sheaves, M., Johnston, R., and Baker, R. (2016). Use of mangroves by fish: new insights from in-forest videos. Marine Ecology Progress Series 549, 167–182.
Use of mangroves by fish: new insights from in-forest videos.CrossRef | open url image1

Sinclair, K. E., Hess, G. R., Moorman, C. E., and Mason, J. H. (2005). Mammalian nest predators respond to greenway width, landscape context and habitat structure. Landscape and Urban Planning 71, 277–293.
Mammalian nest predators respond to greenway width, landscape context and habitat structure.CrossRef | open url image1

Smith, T. M., Hindell, J. S., Jenkins, G. P., Connolly, R. M., and Keough, M. J. (2011). Edge effects in patchy seagrass landscapes: the role of predation in determining fish distribution. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 399, 8–16.
Edge effects in patchy seagrass landscapes: the role of predation in determining fish distribution.CrossRef | open url image1

Sousa, W. P., and Dangremond, E. M. (2011). Volume.04 – Trophic interactions in coastal and estuarine mangrove forest ecosystems. In ‘Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science’. (Eds E. Wolanski and D. McLusky.) pp. 43–93. (Academic Press: Waltham, MA, USA.)

Tanner, J. E. (2006). Landscape ecology of interactions between seagrass and mobile epifauna: the matrix matters. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 68, 404–412.
Landscape ecology of interactions between seagrass and mobile epifauna: the matrix matters.CrossRef | open url image1

Trave, C., and Sheaves, M. (2014). Ecotone analysis: assessing the impact of vehicle transit on saltmarsh crab population and ecosystem. Environmental Sciences 3, 655–664. open url image1

Tse, P., Nip, T. H. M., and Wong, C. K. (2008). Nursery function of mangrove: a comparison with mudflat in terms of fish species composition and fish diet. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 80, 235–242.
Nursery function of mangrove: a comparison with mudflat in terms of fish species composition and fish diet.CrossRef | open url image1

Uncles, R. J., Barton, M. L., and Stephens, J. A. (1994). Seasonal variability of fine-sediment concentrations in the turbidity maximum region of the Tamar estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 38, 19–39.
Seasonal variability of fine-sediment concentrations in the turbidity maximum region of the Tamar estuary.CrossRef | open url image1

Valiela, I., Bowen, J. L., and York, J. K. (2001). Mangrove forests: one of the world’s threatened major tropical environments. Bioscience 51, 807–815.
Mangrove forests: one of the world’s threatened major tropical environments.CrossRef | open url image1

Warry, F. Y., Hindell, J. S., Macreadie, P. I., Jenkins, G. P., and Connolly, R. M. (2009). Integrating edge effects into studies of habitat fragmentation: a test using meiofauna in seagrass. Oecologia 159, 883–892.
Integrating edge effects into studies of habitat fragmentation: a test using meiofauna in seagrass.CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DC%2BD1M7pvVCitw%3D%3D&md5=32236c7948cdd2bf684d0d19a139a83cCAS | open url image1

Wolanski, E., Mazda, Y., and Ridd, P. (1992). Mangrove hydrodynamics. In ‘Tropical Mangrove Ecosystems’. (Eds A. I. Robertson and D. M. Alongi.) pp. 43–62. (American Geophysical Union: Washington, DC, USA.)

Wong, B. B. M., Keogh, J. S., and McGlashan, D. J. (2004). Current and historical patterns of drainage connectivity in eastern Australia inferred from population genetic structuring in a widespread freshwater fish Pseudomugil signifer (Pseudomugilidae). Molecular Ecology 13, 391–401.
Current and historical patterns of drainage connectivity in eastern Australia inferred from population genetic structuring in a widespread freshwater fish Pseudomugil signifer (Pseudomugilidae).CrossRef | 1:STN:280:DC%2BD2c%2FmtFyhsQ%3D%3D&md5=b2a8ea0db081db0aaa5c41b65a9e53a8CAS | open url image1

Yletyinen, S., and Norrdahl, K. (2008). Habitat use of field voles (Microtus agrestis) in wide and narrow buffer zones. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 123, 194–200.
Habitat use of field voles (Microtus agrestis) in wide and narrow buffer zones.CrossRef | open url image1



Export Citation