Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Life history aspects of carp (Pisces : Cyprinidae) in a dam lake ecosystem: current status and future needs

Ozlem Ablak Gurbuz
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Department of Biology, Aquatic Station, Texas State University, 601 University Drive, San Marcos, TX 78666, USA.

B Present address: Republic of Turkey Ministry of National Education, Bakanlıklar, TR-06600 Ankara, Turkey. Email: ozlemablakgurbuz@yahoo.com

Marine and Freshwater Research 68(10) 1912-1920 https://doi.org/10.1071/MF16251
Submitted: 12 July 2016  Accepted: 6 January 2017   Published: 22 March 2017

Abstract

An increase in aquaculture production may have positive effects on both food resources and a country’s economy. Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) is the most common cyprinid species in Turkey and accounts for approximately one-fifth of total inland water aquaculture production. However, carp production in Turkey has decreased in recent years. Changes in carp population of Hirfanli Dam were compared with previous studies in similar and different habitats worldwide. The population structure, growth and reproduction of carp were investigated. The length–weight relationships for the carp population of Hirfanli Dam indicated negative allometric growth in males and females, but the condition factor was greater for these carp than carp elsewhere. Asymptotic length and the growth coefficient were 89.42 cm and 0.071 year–1. Fecundity was positively correlated with fork length, total weight, gonad weight and age. The carp population of Hirfanli Dam evaluated in the present study appeared to have a lower fecundity and smaller egg diameter compared with other carp populations.

Additional keywords: inland freshwater fishery, length–weight relationship, population, spawning.


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