Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Rockpool ichthyofauna of Amazon coastal zone: spatial and environmental effects on species distribution

Tiago Octavio Begot A B D , Bruno Eleres Soares C , Leandro Juen A and Luciano Fogaça de Assis Montag A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Laboratório de Ecologia e Conservação, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Pará, Rua Augusto Corrêa, 01 Bairro Guamá, CEP 66.075-110, Caixa Postal 479, Belém, Brazil.

B Programa de Pós-Graduação em Zoologia, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Universidade Federal do Pará, Rua Augusto Corrêa, 01 Bairro Guamá, CEP 66.075-110, Caixa Postal 479, Belém, Brazil.

C Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Avenida Carlos Chagas Filho, 373, Ilha do Fundão, CEP 21.941-902, Caixa Postal 68020, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

D Corresponding author. Email: tbegot@gmail.com

Marine and Freshwater Research 68(6) 1137-1143 https://doi.org/10.1071/MF16275
Submitted: 10 December 2015  Accepted: 15 August 2016   Published: 21 September 2016

Abstract

The present study analysed the effects of environmental and spatial variables on the structure of fish communities inhabiting rockpools in the Amazon coastal zone to test the hypothesis that environmental characteristics and spatial distribution are the principal factors responsible for community structure. In all, 80 pools were sampled, 40 in the rainy season and 40 in the dry season. The pools were located on five sandy beaches of the Amazon coast. In all, 1303 fish were collected, representing 20 taxa distributed in nine orders and 14 families. The abundance and occurrence of different taxa varied considerably, as did β diversity, ranging from identical to completely different communities. Differences were found in taxa abundance between seasons (rainy and dry) and beach locality. However, for species richness, only differences between seasons were found, showing the effects of spatial and environmental variation in the structure of fish assemblages. This corroborates both spatial and environmental hypotheses of community structure, and reinforces the role of the extreme dynamic conditions, such as tidal range and influence of the rivers that flow into this estuary, in the intertidal zone fish on the Amazon coast.

Additional keywords: community ecology, fish, estuary, species diversity.


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