Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Rockpool ichthyofauna of Amazon coastal zone: spatial and environmental effects on species distribution

Tiago Octavio Begot A B D , Bruno Eleres Soares C , Leandro Juen A and Luciano Fogaça de Assis Montag A
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Laboratório de Ecologia e Conservação, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Pará, Rua Augusto Corrêa, 01 Bairro Guamá, CEP 66.075-110, Caixa Postal 479, Belém, Brazil.

B Programa de Pós-Graduação em Zoologia, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Universidade Federal do Pará, Rua Augusto Corrêa, 01 Bairro Guamá, CEP 66.075-110, Caixa Postal 479, Belém, Brazil.

C Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Avenida Carlos Chagas Filho, 373, Ilha do Fundão, CEP 21.941-902, Caixa Postal 68020, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

D Corresponding author. Email: tbegot@gmail.com

Marine and Freshwater Research 68(6) 1137-1143 https://doi.org/10.1071/MF16275
Submitted: 10 December 2015  Accepted: 15 August 2016   Published: 21 September 2016

Abstract

The present study analysed the effects of environmental and spatial variables on the structure of fish communities inhabiting rockpools in the Amazon coastal zone to test the hypothesis that environmental characteristics and spatial distribution are the principal factors responsible for community structure. In all, 80 pools were sampled, 40 in the rainy season and 40 in the dry season. The pools were located on five sandy beaches of the Amazon coast. In all, 1303 fish were collected, representing 20 taxa distributed in nine orders and 14 families. The abundance and occurrence of different taxa varied considerably, as did β diversity, ranging from identical to completely different communities. Differences were found in taxa abundance between seasons (rainy and dry) and beach locality. However, for species richness, only differences between seasons were found, showing the effects of spatial and environmental variation in the structure of fish assemblages. This corroborates both spatial and environmental hypotheses of community structure, and reinforces the role of the extreme dynamic conditions, such as tidal range and influence of the rivers that flow into this estuary, in the intertidal zone fish on the Amazon coast.

Additional keywords: community ecology, fish, estuary, species diversity.


References

Almada, V. C., and Faria, C. (2004). Temporal variation of rocky intertidal resident fish assemblages – patterns and possible mechanisms with a note on sampling protocols. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 14, 239–250.
Temporal variation of rocky intertidal resident fish assemblages – patterns and possible mechanisms with a note on sampling protocols.CrossRef | open url image1

Anderson, M. J. (2001). A new method for non-parametric multivariate analysis of variance. Austral Ecology 26, 32–46. open url image1

Arakaki, S., and Tokeshi, M. (2006). Short-term dynamics of tidepool fish community: diel and seasonal variation. Environmental Biology of Fishes 76, 221–235.
Short-term dynamics of tidepool fish community: diel and seasonal variation.CrossRef | open url image1

Arakaki, S., Tsuchiya, M., and Tokeshi, M. (2014). Testing latitudinal patterns of tidepool fish assemblages: local substrate characteristics affect regional-scale trends. Hydrobiologia 733, 45–62.
Testing latitudinal patterns of tidepool fish assemblages: local substrate characteristics affect regional-scale trends.CrossRef | open url image1

Barreiros, J. P., Bertoncini, A., Machado, L., Hostim-Silva, M., and Santos, R. S. (2004). Diversity and seasonal changes in the icthyofauna of rocky tidal pools from praia Vermelha e São Roque, Santa Catarina. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 47, 291–299.
Diversity and seasonal changes in the icthyofauna of rocky tidal pools from praia Vermelha e São Roque, Santa Catarina.CrossRef | open url image1

Bégin, C., and Scheibling, R. E. (2003). Growth and survival of the invasive green alga Codium fragile ssp. tomentosoides in tide pools on a rocky shore in Nova Scotia. Botanica Marina 46, 404–412.
Growth and survival of the invasive green alga Codium fragile ssp. tomentosoides in tide pools on a rocky shore in Nova Scotia.CrossRef | open url image1

Begon, M., Townsend, C. R., and Harper, J. L. (2007). ‘Ecology: From Individuals to Ecosystems’, 4th edn. (Blackwell: London.)

Bentes, A. M. L., Fernadez, G. B., and Ribeiro, A. Y. (1997). Estudo da Morfodinâmica de praias compreendidas entre Saquarema e Macaé, Rio de Janeiro. Oecologia Brasiliensis 3, 229–243.
Estudo da Morfodinâmica de praias compreendidas entre Saquarema e Macaé, Rio de Janeiro.CrossRef | open url image1

Borcard, D., and Legendre, P. (2002). All-scale spatial analysis of ecological data by means of principal coordinates of neighbour matrices. Ecological Modelling 153, 51–68.
All-scale spatial analysis of ecological data by means of principal coordinates of neighbour matrices.CrossRef | open url image1

Brown, A. C., and McLachlan, A. (2006). ‘Ecology of Sandy Shores’, 2nd edn. (Academic Press: London.)

Castellanos-Galindo, G. A., Giraldo, A., and Rubio, E. A. (2005). Community structure of an assemblage of tidepool fishes on a tropical eastern Pacific rocky shore, Colombia. Journal of Fish Biology 67, 392–408.
Community structure of an assemblage of tidepool fishes on a tropical eastern Pacific rocky shore, Colombia.CrossRef | open url image1

Chao, A., Chazdon, R. L., Colwell, R. K., and Shen, T. J. (2005). A new statistical approach for assessing similarity of species composition with incidence and abundance data. Ecology Letters 8, 148–159.
A new statistical approach for assessing similarity of species composition with incidence and abundance data.CrossRef | open url image1

Clark, B. M., Bennett, B. A., and Lamberth, S. J. (1996). Temporal variations in surf zone fish assemblages from False Bay, South Africa. Marine Ecology Progress Series 131, 35–47.
Temporal variations in surf zone fish assemblages from False Bay, South Africa.CrossRef | open url image1

Clarke, K. R., and Ainsworth, M. (1993). A method of linking multivariate community structure to environmental variables. Marine Ecology Progress Series 92, 205–219.
A method of linking multivariate community structure to environmental variables.CrossRef | open url image1

Costa, K. G., Pereira, L. C. C., and Costa, R. M. (2008). Short and long term temporal variation of the zooplankton in a tropical estuary (Amazon region, Brazil). Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi 3, 127–141. open url image1

Cox, T. E., Baumgartner, E., Philippoff, J., and Boyle, K. S. (2011). Spatial and vertical patterns in the tidepool fish assemblage on the island of O’ahu. Environmental Biology of Fishes 90, 329–342.
Spatial and vertical patterns in the tidepool fish assemblage on the island of O’ahu.CrossRef | open url image1

Cunha, F. E. A., Monteiro-Neto, C., and Nottingham, M. C. (2007). Temporal and spatial variations in tidepool fish assemblages of the northeast coast of Brazil. Biota Neotropica 7, 111–118.
Temporal and spatial variations in tidepool fish assemblages of the northeast coast of Brazil.CrossRef | open url image1

Davis, J. L. D. (2000). Changes in a tidepool fish assemblage on two scales of environmental variation: seasonal and El Niño–Southern Oscillation. Limnology and Oceanography 45, 1368–1379.
Changes in a tidepool fish assemblage on two scales of environmental variation: seasonal and El Niño–Southern Oscillation.CrossRef | open url image1

Deza, M. M., and Deza, E. (2009). ‘Encyclopedia of Distances’, 1st edn. (Springer-Verlag: Berlin.)

Fisher, R. A. (1934). ‘Statistical Methods for Research Workers’, 5th edn. (Oliver and Boyd: London.)

Goulding, M., Barthem, R., and Ferreira, E. J. G. (2003). ‘The Smithsonian atlas of the Amazon’, 6th edn. (Smithsonian Books: Washington, DC, USA.)

Griffiths, S. P. (2003a). Spatial and temporal dynamics of temperate Australian rockpool ichthyofaunas. Marine and Freshwater Research 54, 163–176.
Spatial and temporal dynamics of temperate Australian rockpool ichthyofaunas.CrossRef | open url image1

Griffiths, S. P. (2003b). Rockpool ichthyofaunas of temperate Australia: species composition, residency and biogeographic patterns. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 58, 173–186.
Rockpool ichthyofaunas of temperate Australia: species composition, residency and biogeographic patterns.CrossRef | open url image1

Griffiths, S. P., Davis, A. R., and West, R. J. (2006). Role of habitat complexity in structuring temperate rockpool ichthyofaunas. Marine Ecology Progress Series 313, 227–239.
Role of habitat complexity in structuring temperate rockpool ichthyofaunas.CrossRef | open url image1

Hoefel, F. G. (1998). ‘Morfodinâmica de Praias Arenosas Ocêanicas: uma Revisão Bibliográfica’, 1st edn. (Editora da Univali: Itajaí.)

Horn, M. H., and Gibson, R. N. (1988). Intertidal fishes. Scientific American 1, 54–60. open url image1

Horn, M. H., Martin, K. L. M., and Chotkowski, M. A. (1999) ‘Intertidal Fishes: Life in Two Worlds’, 1st edn. (Academic Press: San Diego, CA.)

Hubbell, S. P. (2001). ‘The Unified Neutral Theory of Biodiversity and Biogeography’, 1st edn. (Princeton University Press: Princeton, NJ.)

Hutchinson, G. E. (1957). Concluding remarks. Cold Spring Harbour Symposium on Quantitative Biology 22, 415–427.
Concluding remarks.CrossRef | open url image1

Isaac, V. J., and Barthem, R. B. (1995). Os Recursos pesqueiros da Amazônia brasileira. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi – Série Antropologia 11, 295–339. open url image1

Krebs, C. J. (1999). ‘Ecological Methodology’, 2nd edn. (A. Wesley Longman: New York.)

Krumme, U., Brenner, M., and Saint-Paul, U. (2008). Spring–neap cycle as a major driver of temporal variations in feeding of intertidal fishes: evidence from the sea catfish Sciades herzbergii (Ariidae) of equatorial West Atlantic mangrove creeks. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 367, 91–99.
Spring–neap cycle as a major driver of temporal variations in feeding of intertidal fishes: evidence from the sea catfish Sciades herzbergii (Ariidae) of equatorial West Atlantic mangrove creeks.CrossRef | open url image1

Little, C., and Kitching, J. A. (1996). ‘The Biology of Rocky Shores’, 1st edn. (Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK)

Lobato, C. M. C., Soares, B. E., Begot, T. O. R., and Montag, L. F. A. (2016). Tidal pools as habitat for juveniles of the goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara (Lichtenstein 1822) in the Amazonian coastal zone, Brazil. Natureza & Conservação 14, 20–23.
Tidal pools as habitat for juveniles of the goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara (Lichtenstein 1822) in the Amazonian coastal zone, Brazil.CrossRef | open url image1

Macieira, R. M., and Joyeux, J. (2011). Distribution patterns of tidepool fishes on a tropical flat reef. Fish Bulletin 109, 305–315. open url image1

Mahon, R., and Mahon, S. D. (1994). Structure and resilience of a tidepool fish assemblage at Barbados. Environmental Biology of Fishes 41, 171–190.
Structure and resilience of a tidepool fish assemblage at Barbados.CrossRef | open url image1

Malnig, A. (2009). ‘Tide Pools: Life at the Edge of the Sea’, Revised edition. (Lerner Publications: Minneapolis, MN, USA.)

Metaxas, A., and Scheibling, R. E. (1993). Community structure and organization of tidepools. Marine Ecology Progress Series 98, 187–198.
Community structure and organization of tidepools.CrossRef | open url image1

Monteiro, D. P., Giarrizzo, T., and Isaac, V. (2009). Feeding ecology of juvenile dog snapper Lutjanus jocu (Bloch and Shneider 1801) (Lutjanidae) in intertidal mangrove creeks in Curuçá Estuary (Northern Brazil). Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology 52, 1421–1430.
Feeding ecology of juvenile dog snapper Lutjanus jocu (Bloch and Shneider 1801) (Lutjanidae) in intertidal mangrove creeks in Curuçá Estuary (Northern Brazil).CrossRef | open url image1

Raffaelli, D., and Hawkins, S. (1996). ‘Intertidal Ecology.’ (Chapman & Hall: London.)

Rosa, R. S., Rosa, I. L., and Rocha, L. A. (1997). Diversity of the tidal pool ichthyofauna of Cabo Branco beach, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 14, 201–212.
Diversity of the tidal pool ichthyofauna of Cabo Branco beach, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.CrossRef | open url image1

Schneck, F., Schwarzbold, A., Rodrigues, S. C., and Melo, A. S. (2011). Environmental variability drives phytoplankton assemblage persistence in a subtropical reservoir. Austral Ecology 36, 839–848.
Environmental variability drives phytoplankton assemblage persistence in a subtropical reservoir.CrossRef | open url image1

Smith, G., and Parrish, J. (2002). Estuaries as nurseries for the jacks Caranx ignobilis and Caranx melampygus (Carangidae) in Hawaii. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 55, 347–359.
Estuaries as nurseries for the jacks Caranx ignobilis and Caranx melampygus (Carangidae) in Hawaii.CrossRef | open url image1

Soares, B. E., Raiol, R., and Montag, L. F. A. (2011). Occurrence of the non-native blenny Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes, 1836) (Perciformes: Blenniidae) in the Amazon coastal zone, Brazil. Aquatic Invasions 6, 39–43.
Occurrence of the non-native blenny Omobranchus punctatus (Valenciennes, 1836) (Perciformes: Blenniidae) in the Amazon coastal zone, Brazil.CrossRef | open url image1

Soares, B. E., Ruffeil, T. O. B., and Montag, L. F. A. (2012). Occurrence of the non-native sleeper Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker, 1849) (Perciformes: Eleotridae) in the Amazon coastal zone, Brazil. BioInvasions Records 1, 95–99.
Occurrence of the non-native sleeper Butis koilomatodon (Bleeker, 1849) (Perciformes: Eleotridae) in the Amazon coastal zone, Brazil.CrossRef | open url image1

Soares, B. E., Ruffeil, T. O. B., and Montag, L. F. A. (2013). Ecomorphological patterns of the fishes inhabiting the tide pools of the Amazonian Coastal Zone, Brazil. Neotropical Ichthyology 11, 845–858.
Ecomorphological patterns of the fishes inhabiting the tide pools of the Amazonian Coastal Zone, Brazil.CrossRef | open url image1

Souza-Filho, P. W. M. (2000). Tectonic control on the coastal zone geomorphology of the northeastern Pará State. Revista Brasileira de Geociencias 30, 527–530. open url image1

Souza-Filho, P. W. M., and Paradella, W. R. (2003). Use of synthetic aperture radar for recognition of coastal geomorphological features, land use assessment and shoreline changes in Bragança coast, Pará, Northern Brazil. Annals of the Brazilian Academy of Sciences 75, 341–356.
Use of synthetic aperture radar for recognition of coastal geomorphological features, land use assessment and shoreline changes in Bragança coast, Pará, Northern Brazil.CrossRef | open url image1

Underwood, A. J. (2000). Experimental ecology of rocky intertidal habitats: what are we learning? Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 250, 51–76.
Experimental ecology of rocky intertidal habitats: what are we learning?CrossRef | 10969163PubMed | open url image1

Zander, C. D., Nieder, J., and Martin, K. L. M. (1999). Vertical distribution patterns. In ‘Intertidal Fishes: Life in Two Worlds’. (Eds M. H. Horn, K. L. M. Martin and M. A. Chotkowski.) pp. 26–53. (Academic Press: San Diego, CA, USA.)



Rent Article (via Deepdyve) Export Citation

View Altmetrics