Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Spatial and temporal dynamics of suspended sediment causing persistent turbidity in a large reservoir: Lake Dalrymple, Queensland, Australia

Michelle Cooper A B C D , Stephen E. Lewis B and Scott G. Smithers B C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Resources Division, Geoscience Australia, GPO Box 378, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia.

B Catchment to Reef Research Group, TropWATER, ATSIP Building 145, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia.

C College of Science and Engineering, Building 34, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld 4811, Australia.

D Corresponding author. Email: michelle.cooper@my.jcu.edu.au

Marine and Freshwater Research 68(7) 1377-1390 https://doi.org/10.1071/MF16316
Submitted: 23 April 2016  Accepted: 20 September 2016   Published: 21 November 2016

Abstract

High turbidity in reservoirs may negatively affect aquatic ecology and water infrastructure. Although many reservoirs are turbid, the origin and intra- and interannual variability of turbidity is not well understood. To examine the cause and variability of turbidity, we measured the concentration, particle size, organic content and mineralogy of suspended and benthic sediment samples from Lake Dalrymple, a large reservoir in northern dry tropical Queensland. Samples were collected during the dry season (May–November) in 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2011. Water in the reservoir is turbid (>45 nephelometric turbidity units (NTU)) throughout the year, predominantly due to colloidal particles (<0.9 μm) composed of clay and mica minerals. Benthic sediments range from 1 to 30 μm in size, suggesting that resuspension of lake bottom sediments has little effect on turbidity. Dry season turbidity levels are strongly affected by the magnitude and duration of inflow waters from the preceding wet season, reflecting the limited availability of suspended particles delivered from the upstream catchment. Elevated turbidity in the reservoir and downstream irrigation areas during the dry season is now a common feature and must be incorporated into all agricultural and wetland management plans.

Additional keywords: Burdekin Falls Dam, particle size, tropical reservoir.


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