Marine and Freshwater Research Marine and Freshwater Research Society
Advances in the aquatic sciences
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Nutritional vulnerability in zoeal stages of the yellowline arrow crab Stenorhynchus seticornis (Brachyura: Majoidea)

Samara P. Barros-Alves A B , Douglas F. R. Alves A B , Mariana Antunes B , Laura S. López Greco C and Maria Lucia Negreiros-Fransozo B D
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Carcinology Laboratory, Universidade Federal de Sergipe (UFS), Avenida Marechal Rondon, s/n, Rosa Elze, São Cristóvão, Sergipe, CEP 49100-000, Brazil.

B Group of Studies on Crustacean Biology, Ecology and Culture (NEBECC), Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Distrito de Rubião Júnior, Botucatu, São Paulo, CEP 18610-970, Brazil.

C Universidad de Buenos Aires, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Instituto de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental y Aplicada, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Experimental, Biología de la Reproducción y el Crecimiento de Crustáceos Decápodos, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

D Corresponding author. Present address: Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Distrito de Rubião Júnior, Botucatu, São Paulo, CEP 18610-970, Brazil. Email: mlnf@ibb.unesp.br

Marine and Freshwater Research - https://doi.org/10.1071/MF17145
Submitted: 23 May 2017  Accepted: 18 December 2017   Published online: 16 March 2018

Abstract

Knowledge of the critical points in larval stages is essential to evaluate the physiological state of the larvae in their natural environment. This study investigated the nutritional vulnerability index (NVI) of the first (ZI) and second (ZII) zoeal stages of Stenorhynchus seticornis. Zoeae were assigned to two experiments: (1) point of no return (PNR), consisting of treatments with increasing days of starvation and subsequent days of feeding; and (2) point of reserve saturation (PRS), consisting of treatments with increasing days of feeding and subsequent days of starvation. There were two control groups: continuous starvation (CS) and continuous feeding (CF). Mortality was used to estimate the time when 50% of initially starved larvae (PNR50) lost the ability to moult to the next stage and when 50% of initially fed larvae (PRS50) were capable of moulting to the next stage. The mean (±s.d.) development time of ZI and ZII under CF was 4.4 ± 1.2 and 5.1 ± 1.8 days respectively. Mortality in the CF groups was 30 and 52% for ZI and ZII respectively. For ZI, PNR50 and PRS50 were 1.0 ± 0.0 and 2.1 ± 1.0 days respectively. The estimated NVI for ZI was 2.2, which indicates that S. seticornis depends on exogenous food and is considered planktotrophic during the first larval stage.

Additional keywords: Decapoda, experimental zoology, Inachidae, nutrition, plankton.


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