Australian Journal of Primary Health Australian Journal of Primary Health Society
The issues influencing community health services and primary health care
RESEARCH ARTICLE (Open Access)

Do rates of depression vary by level of alcohol misuse in Australian general practice?

Breanne Hobden A B E , Jamie Bryant A B , Rob Sanson-Fisher A B , Christopher Oldmeadow C D and Mariko Carey A B
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Health Behaviour Research Group, HMRI Building, University of Newcastle, NSW 208, Australia.

B Priority Research Centre in Health Behaviour and Hunter Medical Research Institute, HMRI Building, University of Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia.

C Public Health Stream, Hunter Medical Research Institute, HMRI Building, NSW 2308, Australia.

D Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Newcastle, HMRI Building, University of Newcastle, NSW 2308, Australia.

E Corresponding author. Email: bree.hobden@newcastle.edu.au

Australian Journal of Primary Health 23(3) 263-267 https://doi.org/10.1071/PY16076
Submitted: 31 May 2016  Accepted: 3 November 2016   Published: 12 December 2016

Abstract

Limited data exist regarding co-occurring alcohol misuse and depression among general practice patients. This study examined the prevalence of depression by level of alcohol misuse, and the sociodemographic factors associated with depression and increased alcohol misuse severity. A cross-sectional survey was administered to 3559 Australian general practice patients. Patients completed their demographic details, the Patient Health Questionnaire (9-item) and the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (Consumption items). The prevalence of alcohol misuse and depression was 6.7%, and depression prevalence varied significantly according to level of alcohol misuse (P < 0.001). Age, gender, Aboriginality and number of chronic diseases were associated with depression and higher levels of alcohol misuse. These findings may assist General Practitioners in identifying those at risk of experiencing co-morbid depression and alcohol use, and aid in effective treatment and referral.

Additional keywords: epidemiologic factors, mental health, primary health care.


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