Reproduction, Fertility and Development Reproduction, Fertility and Development Society
Vertebrate reproductive science and technology

Development of reconstituted pig embryos by nuclear transfer of cultured cumulus cells

H. T. Cheong, K. Ikeda, M. A. Martinez Diaz, S. Katagiri and Y. Takahashi

Reproduction, Fertility and Development 12(2) 15 - 20
Published: 2000


This study tested the effects of oocyte collection method, activation protocol and maturational age of recipient oocytes on the in vitro development of nuclear transfer embryos reconstructed with cultured cumulus cells. Cumulus cells synchronized in G0/G1 phase by serum-starvation culture were transferred into enucleated oocytes that were collected by aspiration or dissection method and cultured for 33 or 44 h. Reconstituted embryos were activated with a combination of calcium ionophore A23187 or electric pulse and cycloheximide (CHXM), and cultured for 6 days. Oocyte collection methods, activation treatment in the presence of cytochalasin B and activation protocols did not affect the developmental rate of embryos reconstituted with 44-h-matured recipients. However, the development of embryos reconstituted with 33-h-matured recipients was significantly improved (P<0.05) by activation with the combination of electric pulse and CHXM. The present study shows that reconstituted porcine embryos derived from cultured cumulus cells can develop to the blastocyst stage, and that their development can be improved by reconstruction with young oocyte cytoplasts following activation with a combination of electric pulse and CHXM.

Keywords: activation methods, cell-cycle analysis, oocyte age.

© CSIRO 2000

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