Membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase-9 activity in placental tissue from patients with pre-existing and gestational diabetes mellitus
Reproduction, Fertility and Development
12(6) 269 - 275
AbstractThe activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 was evaluated in placental tissue from healthy subjects (controls) and from patients with gestational and pre-existing diabetes mellitus (GDM and PDM, respectively). Compared with controls, MMP-9 activity was greater in placental tissue from patients with PDM and lower in placental tissue from patients with GDM. The modulatory role of nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) on MMP-9 activity in placental tissue was evaluated. In healthy placenta, NO synthase inhibitors diminished MMP-9 activity, whereas NO donors enhanced it. The addition of xanthine/xanthine oxidase or hydrogen peroxide to placental incubates enhanced MMP-9 activity, while the addition of superoxide dismutase (SOD) diminished it. In placental tissue from patients with PDM, MMP-9 activity was stimulated by NO and by ROS. In placental tissue from patients with PDM, concentrations of nitrates/nitrites and thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) were enhanced, whereas SOD activity was decreased, suggesting that elevated concentrations of NO and ROS may be related to the enhanced MMP-9 concentrations found in these tissues. In placenta from GDM patients, in which a diminished concentration of MMP-9 were detected, nitrate/nitrite concentrations were increased, but placental MMP-9 activity did not change in the presence of either NO donors or inhibitors. The activity of MMP-9 in placental tissue from patients with GDM was stimulated by ROS donor systems and was inhibited by the addition of SOD; however, TBARS and SOD concentrations were unchanged in these tissues compared with controls. These findings demonstrate that placental MMP-9 activity is modulated by NO and ROS and that, in diabetic pathology, NO and ROS may determine changes in MMP-9 activity, which are probably involved in the structural and functional abnormalities of diabetic placental tissue.
Keywords: diabetes, matrix metalloproteinases, nitric oxide, pregnancy, placenta, reactive oxygen species.
© CSIRO 2000