Reproduction, Fertility and Development Reproduction, Fertility and Development Society
Vertebrate reproductive science and technology
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Potential role of microRNAs in mammalian female fertility

Dawit Tesfaye A C E , Dessie Salilew-Wondim A , Samuel Gebremedhn A , Md Mahmodul Hasan Sohel D , Hari Om Pandey A , Michael Hoelker A B C and Karl Schellander A C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Institute of Animal Science, Department of Animal Breeding and Husbandry, University of Bonn, Endenicher Allee 15, 53115 Bonn, Germany.

B Teaching and Research Station Frankenforst, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Bonn, Frankenforsterweg 4, 53639 Königswinter, Germany.

C Center of Integrated Dairy Research, University of Bonn, Meckenheimer Allee 172, 53115 Bonn, Germany.

D Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Genome and Stem Cell Centre, Erciyes University, Kayseri 38039, Turkey.

E Corresponding author. Email: tesfaye@itw.uni-bonn.de

Reproduction, Fertility and Development 29(1) 8-23 https://doi.org/10.1071/RD16266
Published: 2 December 2016

Abstract

Since the first evidence for the involvement of microRNAs (miRNAs) in various reproductive processes through conditional knockout of DICER, several studies have been conducted to investigate the expression pattern and role of miRNAs in ovarian follicular development, oocyte maturation, embryo development, embryo–maternal communication, pregnancy establishment and various reproductive diseases. Although advances in sequencing technology have fuelled miRNA studies in mammalian species, the presence of extracellular miRNAs in various biological fluids, including follicular fluid, blood plasma, urine and milk among others, has opened a new door in miRNA research for their use as diagnostic markers. This review presents data related to the identification and expression analysis of cellular miRNA in mammalian female fertility associated with ovarian folliculogenesis, oocyte maturation, preimplantation embryo development and embryo implantation. In addition, the relevance of miRNAs to female reproductive disorders, including polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometritis and abnormal pregnancies, is discussed for various mammalian species. Most importantly, the mechanism of release and the role of extracellular miRNAs in cell–cell communication and their potential role as non-invasive markers in female fertility are discussed in detail. Understanding this layer of regulation in female reproduction processes will pave the way to understanding the genetic regulation of female fertility in mammalian species.

Additional keywords: embryo, endometrium, oocyte, ovary, placenta, polycystic ovary syndrome.


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