Reproduction, Fertility and Development Reproduction, Fertility and Development Society
Vertebrate reproductive science and technology
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Andrographolide disrupts meiotic maturation by blocking cytoskeletal reorganisation and decreases the fertilisation potential of mouse oocytes

Hong-xing Liang A * , Sheng-sheng Lu A * , Zheng Yan B C * , Yan-ping Kuang B , Xiang-xing Zhu A , Zhi-guang Yan B , Tong Du B , Wei-ran Chai B , Hui Long B C and Qi-feng Lyu B C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilisation of Subtropical Agro-bioresources, Guangxi High Education Key Laboratory for Animal Reproduction and Biotechnology, College of Animal Science and Technology, Guangxi University, Nanning, Guangxi 530004, PR China.

B Department of Assisted Reproduction, Shanghai Ninth People’s Hospital Affiliated Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200011, PR China.

C Corresponding authors. Email: lyuqifeng@126.com; yanzheng369@163.com; longhuish@aliyun.com

Reproduction, Fertility and Development - https://doi.org/10.1071/RD16343
Submitted: 3 September 2016  Accepted: 8 March 2017   Published online: 19 April 2017

Abstract

Andrographolide (AG) is a diterpenoid lactone isolated from the stem and leaves of Andrographis paniculata Nees that is used for the effective treatment of infectious diseases in Asian countries. Previous studies have reported adverse effects of AG on female fertility in rodents; however, the underlying mechanisms are unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of AG on the IVM of mouse oocytes and their fertilisation potential. Immature oocytes incubated for 6, 14 or 24 h in medium containing 5, 10 or 20 μM AG showed time- and dose-dependent decreases in maturation rates compared with the control group. Immunostaining revealed that AG exposure disrupted spindle organisation and migration, as well as actin cap formation and cytokinesis. Furthermore, most oocytes exposed to 20 μM AG underwent apoptosis, and the few oocytes exposed to 5 or 10 μM AG that reached MII exhibited lower fertilisation rates after intracytoplasmic sperm injection. The findings of the present study suggest that AG may disrupt mouse oocyte meiotic maturation by blocking cytoskeletal reorganisation, and may thus have an adverse effect on female fertility.

Additional keywords: apoptosis, cytoskeleton.


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