Reproduction, Fertility and Development Reproduction, Fertility and Development Society
Vertebrate reproductive science and technology
RESEARCH ARTICLE

Effects of N-carbamylglutamate and l-arginine on gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) gene expression and secretion in GT1-7 cells

Y. Liu A , J. H. Bai A , X. L. Xu A , Z. L. Chen A , L. J. Spicer B and T. Feng A C
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing 100097, China.

B Department of Animal Science, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA.

C Corresponding author. Email: fengtao@iasbaafs.net.cn

Reproduction, Fertility and Development - https://doi.org/10.1071/RD17265
Submitted: 10 July 2017  Accepted: 4 October 2017   Published online: 10 November 2017

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that N-carbamylglutamate (NCG) and arginine (ARG) supplementation improves reproductive performance in livestock. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the effects of NCG and ARG on GT1-7 cell gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion, gene expression and cell proliferation. GT1-7 cells were treated in vitro with different concentrations of NCG (0–1.0 mM) or ARG (0–4.0 mM) in serum-free medium for 12 or 24 h. For GnRH secretion and cell proliferation, GT1-7 cells were more sensitive to NCG than ARG. NCG treatment after 12 h increased cell numbers and inhibited GnRH secretion in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05), although there was no significant effect of NCG on these parameters after 24 h culture. ARG treatment decreased GnRH secretion after 24 h (P < 0.05), whereas it had no effect after 12 h. GT1-7 cells express GnRH, Kiss-1 metastasis-suppressor (Kiss1), G-protein coupled receptor 54 (GPR54), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and estrogen receptor α (ERα) genes. High concentrations of NCG (1.0 mM) and ARG (4.0 mM) inhibited (P < 0.05) GnRH and nNOS mRNA abundance in GT1-7 cells. ARG treatment decreased Kiss1 and increased ERα mRNA abundance. Thus, high concentrations of NCG (1.0 mM) and ARG (4.0 mM) may act both directly and indirectly to regulate GnRH neuron function by downregulating genes related to GnRH synthesis and secretion to slow GnRH production while stimulating GT1-7 cell proliferation.

Additional keywords: cell culture, hormone secretion, hypothalamus.


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