New objective measurements of semen wave motion are associated with fertility in sheepI. David A , P. Kohnke B , J. Fehrenbach C , A. R. Lopes Simoes D , E. Debreuve D , X. Descombes D , F. Plouraboue E , P. Degond F G and X. Druart B
A GenPhySE, INRA, Université de Toulouse, ENVT, F-31326 Castanet-Tolosan, France.
B INRA, UMR 6175, Physiologie de la Reproduction et des Comportements, 37380 Nouzilly, France.
C Institut de Mathématiques de Toulouse, 31062 Toulouse cedex 09, France.
D Laboratoire I3S, UMR CNRS 6070, Sophia Antipolis, France.
E Université de Toulouse – INPT-UPS, Institut de Mécanique des Fluides, 31000 Toulouse, France.
F Department of Mathematics, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK.
G Corresponding author. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Reproduction, Fertility and Development - https://doi.org/10.1071/RD17472
Submitted: 3 November 2017 Accepted: 9 January 2018 Published online: 8 March 2018
In sheep, wave motion in semen is currently used by AI centres to select ejaculates for insemination. Despite its low cost, convenience and established ability to predict fertility, the subjectivity of this assessment is a limiting factor for its applicability. The aims of the present study were to establish an objective method for the analysis of wave motion and to assess the associations of objective parameters with fertility after cervical insemination. Collective sperm motion in undiluted semen was observed by phase contrast microscopy at low magnification in a 100-µm deep glass chamber. Images of moving dark waves over a grey background were recorded and analysed by the optic flow method, producing several velocity-related parameters. Turbulence was assessed from the motion of fluorescent polystyrene beads. Among objective parameters, optical flow entropy and the average speed of beads were both able to discriminate ejaculates suitable for insemination. Two synthetic variables of optic flow and bead motion and a global objective variable were computed from linear combinations of individual parameters and compared with the subjective motion score for their predictive value. These were as efficient as the wave motion score for assessing fertility and can be proposed for the assessment of ram semen in routine AI procedures.
Additional keywords: fertility, mass motility, sperm, ram.
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