Factors affecting success with intracytoplasmic sperm injection
MJ Tucker, PC Morton, G Wright, PE Ingargiola, AE Jones and CL Sweitzer
Reproduction, Fertility and Development
7(2) 229 - 236
AbstractIn this study, 141 couples underwent 163 cycles of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer in which the eggs were inseminated by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Overall, 41% of the injected eggs were normally fertilized and 81% of the resulting embryos were suitable for cryopreservation (91 embryos) or uterine transfer. From 153 fresh embryo transfers, 45 ongoing or delivered pregnancies (27.6% per cycle) were achieved, and of the 507 embryos transferred, 54 successfully implanted giving an implantation rate per embryo of 10.7%. Five additional pregnancies did not yield a viable fetus or underwent a spontaneous abortion, giving a miscarriage rate of 10% (5/50). Increased maternal age or a prior diagnosis of failed fertilization after conventional IVF had a significantly negative impact on success. Sperm from the testis and epididymis, those retrieved by electro-ejaculation, and completely immotile ejaculated sperm all gave rise to pregnancies. ICSI reinsemination was used with limited success to rescue failed fertilization cycles, although the implantation rate per embryo was poor (5%). ICSI has greatly improved the ability to use IVF for treating couples with a poor fertilization potential.
© CSIRO 1995