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Vertebrate reproductive science and technology
RESEARCH ARTICLE

38 Improved Cloning Efficiency and Developmental Potential in Bovine Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer with the New Technology

L. Xu A , M.-D. Joo A , A. Mesalam A , S.-H. Song A , S. Zhang A and I.-K. Kong A B
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A Department of Animal Science, Division of Applied Life Science (BK21 Plus), Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Gyeongnam Province, Republic of Korea;

B Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Gyeongnam Province, Republic of Korea

Reproduction, Fertility and Development 30(1) 158-158 https://doi.org/10.1071/RDv30n1Ab38
Published: 4 December 2017

Abstract

Bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos can develop to the blastocyst stage at a rate similar to that of embryos produced by IVF; however, its efficiency remains low. In this study, we examined the effects of cytoplasm restoration of enucleated oocyte, by injecting ~30% of the cytoplasm of a donor oocyte to restore the enucleated oocyte cytoplasm volume to normal, on the developmental competence and quality of bovine cloned embryos during pre-implantation using the TUNEL assay, quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) and immunocytochemistry. The experiment was conducted in 6 replicates. The differences in embryo development and expression levels of the various genes between experimental groups were analysed by one-way ANOVA. The level of statistical significance was set at P < 0.05. The percentages of embryos that underwent cleavage and formed a blastocyst were significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the cytoplasmic injected group than in the traditional SCNT group (61.5 ± 1.3% v. 39.7 ± 2.1% and 28.9 ± 0.8% v. 20.2 ± 1.3%, respectively). Furthermore, the beneficial effects of cytoplasmic injection on the cloned embryos were associated with a significantly increased (P < 0.05) total cell number in Day 8 blastocysts compared with the traditional SCNT group (176.2 ± 6.5 v. 119.3 ± 7.7; P < 0.05); however, there was no difference (P > 0.05) between the number of apoptotic cells per blastocyst in the cytoplasmic injected group and in the traditional SCNT group (3.5 ± 1.1 v. 4.1 ± 0.8). Moreover, cytoplasm restoration of enucleated oocyte significantly increased (P < 0.05) mitochondrial activity, as identified by MitoTracker Green (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Waltham, MA, USA). Reverse transcription-qPCR showed that the mRNA levels of DNA methyl-transferase 1 and DNA methyl-transferase 3a were significantly decreased (P < 0.05) in cytoplasmic injected group compared with the traditional SCNT group, but did not significantly differ (P > 0.05) between the cytoplasmic injected and IVF groups. Taken together, these data suggest that cytoplasm restoration of enucleated oocyte improves in vitro developmental competence and quality of bovine cloned embryos, as evidenced by increased total cell numbers, reprogramming efficiency, and mitochondria activity.

This work was partly supported by grant from the Next-Generation BioGreen21 (No. PJ01107703), IPET (No. 315017-5 and 117029-3), Allergy free cat (Co. Felix Pets) and BK21plus.


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