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RESEARCH ARTICLE

71 The Effect of Two Different In Vitro Culture Media and Mice Embryo Groupings on Hatchability After 24 Hours of Culture

N. C. Negota A , M. L. Mphaphathi C , L. P. Nethenzheni A C , T. L. Rammutla A , N. R. Serota A and T. L. Nedambale B
+ Author Affiliations
- Author Affiliations

A Department of Animal Science, Reproduction and Physiology, CEAAR, School of Agriculture, University of Venda, Thohoyandou, Limpopo province, South Africa;

B Department of Animal Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa;

C Germplasm Conservation & Reproductive Biotechnology, Animal Production Institute, Agricultural Research Council, Irene, South Africa

Reproduction, Fertility and Development 30(1) 174-174 https://doi.org/10.1071/RDv30n1Ab71
Published: 4 December 2017

Abstract

Mammalian blastocysts must hatch out from the zona pellucida before implantation. In vitro embryo culture and grouping of mice blastocysts are conducive options of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) to speed up the hatching rate of mice embryos. The number of embryos per unit volume has the greatest impact on hatching rates due to autocrine signalling. The study aimed to determine the effect of two in vitro culture (IVC) media (TCM-199 and Ham’s F10) and embryo groupings (1, 2, 3, and 4 embryos per 50-µL droplet) after 24 h of culture on hatching rate. Breeds of C57BL/6 (n = 10) and BALB/c (n = 10) were raised until they reached maturity and bred naturally to produce the first filial generation. The photoperiod was 14 h of light followed by 10 h of darkness in the breeding house, and feed and water were provided ad libitum. Female mice were superovulated using eCG and hCG. The first filial generations from 2 breeds were used for the collection of 160 blastocysts and randomly allocated into 2 IVC media (80 embryos for TCM-199 and 80 embryos for Ham’s F10) and again subjected to 4 embryo groupings (1, 2, 3, and 4 embryos per droplet) treatments. Four replicates were done per treatment group. The general linear model of Minitab version 17 (Minitab Inc., State College, PA, USA) was used to analyse the data. The hatching rate of blastocyst stage was significantly higher for TCM-199 (56.9 ± 27.2) compared with Ham’s F10 (50.0 ± 35.1%). The comparison of all embryo groupings, 1 (20.0 ± 40.5), 2 (28.8 ± 29.7), 3 (59.1 ± 38.8), and 4 (43.8 ± 32.4%) per 50-µL droplet showed significant differences, irrespective of IVC medium and breed. In TCM-199, groupings of 1 (20.0 ± 41.0), 2 (30.0 ± 29.9), 3 (63.3 ± 40.3), and 4 (42.5 ± 33.5%) had a significant difference on blastocyst hatching percent. In Ham’s F10, groupings of 1 (20.0 ± 41.0), 2 (27.5 ± 30.2), 3 (55.0 ± 37.9), and 4 (45.0 ± 32.0%) were significantly different on blastocyst hatching rate. However, an increase in hatching rate was observed for the interaction of media and embryo groupings and especially when embryos were increased per droplet in all breeds. In conclusion, the use of TCM-199 and grouping of 3 embryos per 50-µL droplet during culture had the highest hatching rate compared with the use of Ham’s F10.


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